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The gairethinx ("spear assembly") was a Lombard ceremony in which edicts and laws were affirmed by the army. It may have involved the entire army banging their spears on their shields; or it may have been a much quieter event.

In 643, the Edict of Rothari was approved by the exercitus Langobardorum gathered in Pavia (the Lombard capital), and by a typical act: per gairethinx, meaning "in the assembly of the lances", or, more precisely, "by striking shields with lances".[1]

It is etymologically related to the Thing of the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons and the Althing of Iceland.


  1. ^ Theuws, Frans. Laughland Nelson, Janet: Rituals of Power: From Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages, BRILL, 2000, p. 98.

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