Gaius Fulvius Plautianus

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Gaius Fulvius Plautianus
6865 - Plauziano(Museo Pio-Clementino) - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 10 june 2011.jpg
Born Leptis Magna, Africa Province
Died 205
Allegiance Roman Empire
Years of service 197–205
Rank Praetorian prefect
Unit Praetorian Guard
Other work Consul of the Roman Empire in 203

Gaius or Lucius Fulvius Plautianus (ca 150 – 22 January 205) was a member of the Roman gens Fulvia (the Fulvius family), a family of the patrician status which had been active in politics since the Roman Republic.

Plautianus was originally from Leptis Magna, southeast of Carthage (modern Libya, North Africa). He was a maternal cousin and long-time friend of Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus. Plautianus' father was another Gaius Fulvius Plautianus, born ca 130, whose sister, Fulvia Pia (ca 125 - aft. 198), was married to Severus' father Publius Septimius Geta.

Plautianus was appointed Prefect Commander of the Praetorian Guard in 197. Due to their friendship, Severus rewarded Plautianus with various honors including a consular insigina, a seat in the Roman Senate and the Consulship of 203. During his consulship, Plautianus' image was minted on coins along with Severus' second son Publius Septimius Geta.

He assisted Severus in administering the empire and became very wealthy and powerful. Severus made him his second in command. In 202, Plautianus married his daughter Publia Fulvia Plautilla to Caracalla (Severus’ first son) in Rome. Plautianus became so powerful that Roman Empress Julia Domna and Caracalla began to be concerned.

The marriage between Caracalla and Publia Fulvia Plautilla was not a happy one. In fact, Caracalla loathed both her and her father, threatening to kill them after becoming sole emperor. When Plautianus discovered this, he began to plot to overthrow Severus' family.

When Plautianus' treachery was discovered, the imperial family summoned him to the palace and ordered his death on 22 January 205. After his death, Plautianus’ property was confiscated, his son of the same name, daughter and granddaughter were exiled to Sicily and then later to Lipari and his name was erased from public monuments. His son, daughter and granddaughter were strangled on Caracalla's orders in early 212.

He married Hortensia and had:

  • Fulvia Plautilla
  • Gaius Fulvius Plautius Hortensianus (ca 170 - executed, 212), married to Aurelia (b. ca 170), daughter of Lucius Aurelius Gallus (ca 140 - aft. 174), Consul in 174, and had:
    • Fulvia (b. ca 192), married to Lucius Neratius Junius Macer (b. ca 185), consularis vir in Saepinum, and had issue
Political offices
Preceded by
Titus Murrenius Severus ,
Gaius Cassius Regallianus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Publius Septimius Geta
Succeeded by
Lucius Fabius Cilo,
Marcus Annius Flavius Libo