Gaius Julius Iulus

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Gaius Julius Iulus was a name used by Roman men of the Iulus branch of the gens Julia, which was older than the more famous Caesar branch to which Julius Caesar belonged.[1] Five were consuls and one was dictator.

Gaius Julius Iulus (consul 489 BC)[edit]

Gaius Julius L. f. Iulus, consul in 489 BC with Publius Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus. During their year of office the Volscians under Coriolanus commenced war against Rome.[2] Livy omits the consuls of this year altogether.

Gaius Julius Iulus (consul 482 BC)[edit]

Gaius Julius C. f. L. n. Iulus, the son of Gaius, who had been consul in 489 BC, was himself consul in 482 BC. His colleague was Quintus Fabius Vibulanus, who had previously been consul in 485. Iulus was elected to the office in consequence of an agreement between the two parties in the state, who, after the most violent opposition in the consular comitia, had at length consented that Iulus should be chosen as the popular and Fabius as the aristocratic candidate. Such is the account of Dionysius, but Livy merely says that the discord in the state was as violent this year as previously. The consuls marched against the Veientes, but as the enemy did not appear in the field, they returned to Rome, after laying waste the Veientine territory.[3]

In 451 BC, Iulus was a member of the first decemvirate, and it is recorded as an instance of the moderation of the first college of decemvirs, that, though there was no appeal from their sentence, Iulus brought before the comitia centuriata an accusation against Publius Sestius, a man of patrician rank, in whose house the corpse of a murdered man had been found, when he might have himself passed sentence upon the criminal.[4] Iulus is again mentioned in 449 BC, as one of three men of consular rank, who were sent by senate as emissaries to the plebeians, when the latter had risen against the second college of decemvirs, and were encamped upon the Aventine Hill.[5]

Preceded by
Marcus Fabius Vibulanus
Lucius Valerius Potitus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Fabius Vibulanus II
482 BC
Succeeded by
Caeso Fabius Vibulanus II
Spurius Furius Medullinus Fusus

Gaius Julius Iulus (consul 447 BC)[edit]

Gaius Julius C. f. C. n. Iulus, son of the consul of 482 BC, was consul in 447, with Marcus Geganius Macerinus, and again in 435 BC, with Lucius Verginius Tricostus. In the latter year Rome was visited with such grievous pestilence, that not only were the Romans unable to march out of their own territory to devastate the enemy's, but they offered no opposition to the Fidenates and Veientes, who advanced almost up to the Colline gate. While Iulus manned the walls, his colleague consulted the senate and eventually named a dictator.[6] According to Licinius Macer, Iulus was elected consul for the third time in the following year, with his colleague of the preceding. Other accounts mentioned other persons serving as consuls, and still others record consular tribunes this year.[7]

Gaius Julius Iulus (consular tribune 408 BC)[edit]

Gaius Julius L. f. Vop. n. Iulus, grandson of the consul of 482 BC, was one of three consular tribunes in 408, and held the same office again in 405 BC, this time with five colleagues. In the former year, Iulus and his colleague Publilius Cornelius Cossus vehemently opposed the nomination of a dictator; and in the latter year Iulus and his colleagues took part in the commencement of the siege of Veii.[8] Iulus was censor in 393 BC, but died during his year of office.[9]

Gaius Julius Iulus (dictator 352 BC)[edit]

Gaius Julius Iulus was nominated dictator in 352 BC, under pretense of an apprehended war with the Etruscans, but in reality to carry the election of two patricians in the consular comitia, in violation of the Licinian law.[10]


  1. ^ Ernst Badian, "From the Iulii to Caesar," in A Companion to Julius Caesar (Blackwell, 2009), pp. 13–14.
  2. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus 8.1
  3. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 8.90, 91; Livy, 2.43
  4. ^ Livy, 3.33; Cicero, de Rep. ii. 36; Dionysius of Halicarnassus, 10.56; Diodorus Siculus, 12.23)
  5. ^ Livy, 3.50; Ascon. in Cic. Cornel. p. 77, ed. Baiter.)
  6. ^ Livy, 3.65, 4.21; Diodorus Siculus 12.29,49.
  7. ^ Livy, 4.23
  8. ^ Livy, 4.56, 61; Diodorus Siculus, 13.104; 14.17.
  9. ^ Livy, 5.31, 9.34; Plutarch, "The Life of Camillus", 14.
  10. ^ Livy, 7.21.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.