Gaius Papirius (Pontifex Maximus)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gaius Papirius was Pontifex Maximus in 509 BC, the first year of the Roman Republic. He copied the religious ordinances established by Numa Pompilius, the second King of Rome, which his grandson, Ancus Marcius, had carved on oaken tablets, and placed in the Forum.[1][2][3][4]

According to Pomponius, a Sextus or Publius Papirius had collected all of the leges regiae, the laws established by the kings, in the time of the Tarquins.[i] This collection came to be known as the Ius Papirianum or Ius Civile Papirianum.[ii][5][3] Münzer postulated that this collection was the same as that recorded by Gaius Papirius, the Pontifex Maximus, who would then be identified with the Sextus or Publius Papirius referred to by Pomponius.[6][4][7]


  1. ^ The timing is unclear, because Pomponius refers to this occurring in the time of Tarquinius Superbus, the son of Demaratus. But it was Lucius Tarquinius Priscus who was the son of Demaratus, succeeding to the throne after the death of Ancus Marcius; Tarquinius Priscus was probably his grandson.
  2. ^ Or Jus (Civile) Papirianum.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dionysius, ii. 63, iii. 36.
  2. ^ Livy, i. 20, 32.
  3. ^ a b Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. III, p. 118 ("Gaius or Sextus Papirius").
  4. ^ a b Broughton, vol. I, p. 4.
  5. ^ Digesta seu Pandectae, 2. tit. 2. s. 2. § 2. 36.
  6. ^ RE, "Papirius", No. 23.
  7. ^ Momigliano, p. 107.