Gaius Rubellius Blandus

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Gaius Rubellius Blandus was a Roman senator who lived during the Principate. Blandus was the grandson of Rubellius Blandus of Tibur, a member of the Equestrian class, who was the first Roman to teach rhetoric. He was suffect consul from August to December AD 18 with Marcus Vipstanus Gallus as his colleague.[1] In AD 33, he married Julia Livia, granddaughter of the Roman emperor Tiberius.

Career[edit]

As the first member of his family to be admitted to the Senate, Blandus is considered a homo novus, which repeatedly had a negative effect on his career. His cursus honorum is documented in several inscriptions found in North Africa.[2] Blandus began his career with the singular honor of being quaestor in service to the emperor Augustus; two more of the traditional Republican magistracies followed, plebeian tribune and praetor. Two years after he served as suffect consul, he was involved with the prosecution of Aemilia Lepida, putting forward a motion in the senate to outlaw her which carried.[3]

The primary sources disagree whether Blandus was admitted to the prestigious College of Pontiffs before or after his consulate; one inscription lists it before, while two lists it afterwards. Hoffman notes Blandus "probably received the priesthood late because of his low birth."[4] Despite his background, Blandus achieved what came to be the pinnacle of a successful senatorial career, proconsular governor of Africa in 35/36. Upon returning to Rome, Blandus was selected as one of four members of a commission to assess damage a fire had caused in Rome earlier that year.[5]

Marriages and Family[edit]

In the year 33 he married Julia Livia, one of the princesses of the Imperial house. Despite that Blandus had been consul suffect in 18, the match was considered a social disaster; Tacitus includes the event in a list of "the many sorrows which saddened Rome", which otherwise consisted of deaths of different prominent people.[6] Ronald Syme identifies the historian's reaction as "the tone and sentiments of a man enslaved to the standards of class and rank."[7] Julia was the daughter of Livilla and Julius Caesar Drusus, and the granddaughter of Emperor Tiberius.

The marriage produced at least two children: a boy, Rubellius Plautus who was considered as a rival to Emperor Nero, and a girl, Rubellia Bassa. Two further children are uncertain: a single inscription refers to a Rubellius Drusus, who died before his third birthday,[8] while Juvenal implies the existence of another son, also named Gaius Rubellius Blandus.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Victor Ehrenberg and A.H.M. Jones, Documents Illustrating the Reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, second edition (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1955), p. 41
  2. ^ IRT 269, 330, IRT 331
  3. ^ Tacitus, Annales, III.23
  4. ^ Martha W. Hoffman Lewis, The Official Priests of Rome under the Julio-Claudians (Rome: American Academy, 1955), p. 33
  5. ^ Tacitus, Annales, VI.45
  6. ^ Tacitus, Annales, VI.27
  7. ^ Syme, Tacitus (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958), p. 562
  8. ^ CIL VI, 16057
  9. ^ Satire, VIII.39
Political offices
Preceded by
Lucius Seius Tubero,
and Livineius Regulus

as Suffect consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
18
with Marcus Vipstanus Gallus
Succeeded by
Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus,
and Lucius Norbanus Balbus

as Ordinary consuls