Gaius Saloninus (or Salonius) Matidius Patruinus (died 78) was a Roman Senator that lived in the Roman Empire during the 1st century during the reign of Vespasian (r. 69-79).
History [ edit ]
Patruinus came from a wealthy family of
Praetorian rank from Vicetia (modern Vicenza, northern Italy). Around 63, he married a noble Spanish Roman woman called Ulpia Marciana, the eldest sister of the future Emperor Trajan. On 4 July 68, Marciana bore him a daughter and their only child Salonina Matidia.
He served as a
praetor and, through this position, became a senator. In 70/71, Patruinus possibly served as governor of Germania Superior. Upon his death, in 78, in Rome, Patruinus was a priest and served as a member of the Arval Brethren. After that, Marciana and Matidia went to live with Trajan and his wife Pompeia Plotina.
Patruinus was the late maternal grandfather to Matidia’s daughters from her three marriages: Roman Empress
Vibia Sabina, Hadrian's wife, and the nobles Matidia Minor (or Mindia Matidia) and Rupilia Faustina.
The Italian village of
Matigge (ancient Matidiae) is named after him and his second granddaughter Matidia Minor. The Roman Emperors Marcus Aurelius and his successor Commodus are among his descendants.
Nerva–Antonine family tree [ edit ]
Nerva–Antonine family tree
(1) = 1st spouse
(2) = 2nd spouse
(3) = 3rd spouse
Reddish purple indicates
emperor of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty;
lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned;
grey indicates unsuccessful imperial aspirants;
bluish purple indicates emperors of other dynasties dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships
small caps = posthumously deified ( or other) Augusti, Augustae,
Except where otherwise noted, the notes below indicate that an individual's parentage is as shown in the above family tree.
^ Sister of Trajan's father: Giacosa (1977), p. 7.
^ Giacosa (1977), p. 8.
^ a b Levick (2014), p. 161.
^ Husband of Ulpia Marciana: Levick (2014), p. 161.
^ a b Giacosa (1977), p. 7.
^ a b c DIR contributor (Herbert W. Benario, 2000), "Hadrian".
^ a b Giacosa (1977), p. 9.
^ Husband of Salonia Matidia: Levick (2014), p. 161.
^ Smith (1870), "Julius Servianus".
^ Suetonius a possible lover of Sabina: One interpretation of HA Hadrianus 11:3
^ Smith (1870), "Hadrian", pp. 319–322.
^ Lover of Hadrian: Lambert (1984), p. 99 and passim; deification: Lamber (1984), pp. 2-5, etc.
^ Julia Balbilla a possible lover of Sabina: A. R. Birley (1997), Hadrian, the Restless Emperor, p. 251, cited in Levick (2014), p. 30, who is sceptical of this suggestion.
^ Husband of Rupilia Faustina: Levick (2014), p. 163.
^ a b c d Levick (2014), p. 163.
^ a b c d Levick (2014), p. 162.
^ a b c d e f g Levick (2014), p. 164.
^ Wife of M. Annius Verus: Giacosa (1977), p. 10.
^ Wife of M. Annius Libo: Levick (2014), p. 163.
^ a b c d e Giacosa (1977), p. 10.
^ Husband of Ceionia Fabia: Levick (2014), p. 164.
^ a b c Levick (2014), p. 117.
Sources [ edit ]