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Kalkaleshwara Temple at Gajendragad
Kalkaleshwara Temple at Gajendragad
Gajendragad is located in Karnataka
Gajendragad is located in India
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 15°44′N 75°59′E / 15.73°N 75.98°E / 15.73; 75.98Coordinates: 15°44′N 75°59′E / 15.73°N 75.98°E / 15.73; 75.98
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Gadag
Taluk Gajendragad
Lok Sabha Constituency Haveri
Elevation 643 m (2,110 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 32,359
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Gajendragad(Kannada: ಗಜೇಂದ್ರಗಡ also called as Gajendragarh) is a town in Gadag District in the state of Karnataka, India.


Gajendragad Fort

Gajendragad, Gad means Fort, local people generally call as Gada. It is about 54 km from Gadag and is one of the big town in the Gadag District. Kannada movies shot here, for example Veera Madakari,Brundavana,Raate,Jaanu,Bahuparak,Bheema teeradalli many more. And Telugu movies like Damarugam, Alludu seenu, Brundavanam,Balupu Bharjeri many more

Gajendragad is a pilgrimage destination, due to its Kalakaleshwara temple. It is famous for the following

  • Beautiful very long Hill strip,
  • Historical Fort,
  • Kalakaleshwara temple,
  • Market for Javali / Dress Materials for marriage and festivals
  • Handloom, Gajendragad Kubusa Kana.


Gajendragad Fort
Gajendragad Fort

History of Gajendragad[1][2]

Gajendragad is surrounded by the Historical places associated with Badami Chalukyas and Western Chalukya and the places are Badami, Aihole, Pattadakal, Mahakuta, Banashankari, Sudi, Mahadeva Temple at Itagi and Kudalasangama. Rastrakuta Monuments at Kuknur. Gajendragad Fort was built and renewed by Shivaji.


Founder of the Ghorpade family was Shri Valabhasinh Cholaraj Ghorpade and then the descended Bahirjirao (Hindurao) Ghorpade

The Royal families of Kapsi and Gajendragad[3][4] owe their origin to Vallabhasinha and the Chiefs of Sondur are descended from the third son of Cholraj.

Treaty of Gajendragad[edit]

After the 2nd Mysore War, Tippu Sultan had to engage in an armed conflict (during 1786–87) with the Marathas and the Nizam. The war concluded with the treaty of Gajendragad.[5] Mysore was defeated and ceded Badami to the Marathas.[6]

The fort and Taluka of Gajendragad which was taken by Fate Alikhan was retaken by Government. Half the province was surrendered to the Nawab (Nizam A. D. 1786–87) according to Treaty of Gajendragad.[7] Remaining was made over to Dawalatrao Ghorpade (Rs, 50,001 was taken from him).[8]

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Gajendragad Fort

The pilgrim Kalakaleshwara temple, is a huge mountain with the temple carved into it. This is a weekend destination which could be wound up in a day’s time. One can see many windmills lined on the hill opposite the hill on which the temple is located. Besides a beautiful view awaits you after the visit to the temple from the hill.

Kalakaleshwara temple[edit]

Nature in front of Kalkaleshwara Temple, Gajendragad, Karnataka

A little known pilgrim of North Karnataka. Gajendragad is a small town lying amidst hills, in one of which is encapsulated Kalakaleshwara temple of Lord Shiva (known as Dakshina Kashi), who is worshipped in the form of Kalakaleswara. There are some large steps that lead you up to the temple. It is a traditional temple with Udhbhava Lingu. There we can find God Virabhadra temple also in the same premises. But one would definitely be amazed at the story in which the significance of the destination lies. Just outside the temple exit is a small square water reservoir called AtharaGange. It is an evergreen water resource that constantly falls along the roots of Peepal tree into the pond all throughout the year. It is said to be flowing even in the peaks of summer season and has an unknown root.


More amazing is the story attached to this destination that has taken a few lives too. These were the daring people who wanted to try to learn more about a miracle that happens on the previous night of Ugadi, New Year of Kannadigas. The pandit/pujari of the temple prepares a solution of limestone, and keeps it ready for application along with a brush, inside the temple. The next morning, the jobs done. But the temple is painted on its own and this happens without fail every year. A hookah that is also kept along with it seems to be used when seen the next morning.

Legend has it and so do elderly people that there used to be a bell equivalent to the size of soaked kidney beans that fit into 22 gunny bags. In the 1970s, it so happened that the bell vanished all of a sudden towards the heavens, ringing and sounds of the bell echoing and resonating in into the blue skies. And then there was an epidemic of plague that spread across the place, which people blame was due the bells act of vanishing.

Tourism of Gajendragad region[edit]


Mallikarjuna Temple, Twin Towered Temple, Ishwara in a stone made shelter and Naga Kunda are prime attractions of Sudi.

Itagi Bhimambika[edit]

Famous temple of Bhimambika, about 13 km from Gajendragad


It is famous for temple of Banashankari, and Annual car festival.

Badami, Aihole, Pattadakal and Mahakuta[edit]

Mahakuta is the source of an important Badami Chalukya inscription called Mahakuta Pillar inscription.


MahaMaya temple, Navalinga Temples at Kuknur.


At Kudalasangama the famous rivers Krishna and Malaprabha merge (sangama) here, This place is closely associated with the 12th-century poet and social reformer Basavanna. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Sangameswara, worshipped in the form of a linga. The temple is an ancient monument built in the Chalukya style architecture. This place is well developed as one of the great tourism place.

MMTC's wind farm[edit]

Minerals & Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC) Limited under the ministry of commerce and industry. MMTC's Gajendragad plant Started in 2007, the plant has delivered electricity power of over 102 million units to Hubli Electricity Supply Company (HESCOM) Limited.[9] The plant generate a total capacity of 15 MW of power, with 25 wind energy generators, can each generate 600 KV.

Windmills and poachers drive wolves away[edit]

Windmills in front of Kalkaleshwara Temple, Gajendragad, Karnataka

Windmills set up to generate wind energy, are posing a threat to the very existence of rare hyenas and wolves at Gajendragad.[10][11] Earlier Gajendragad was recognised as a safe haven for highly endangered species like the Indian grey wolf and striped hyenas, but then came wind farming and windmills with huge noisy fans and human traffic to maintain these machines. It drove away these species from their habitat.

Notable personalities from Gajendragad[edit]

Vedanta, Nyaya, Vyakaran[edit]

  • Raghavendra Acharya.[12] (19th century)

Gajendragadkars of Satara (A Tradition of Scholarship in Vedanta, Nyaya and Vyakaran) [13]

The Raghavendra Acharya (Gajendragadkar) family belongs to the Madhav School. Sudhindhra Swami, a latter day head of the Madhav Peeth, is the oldest known member of this family. The seat of the family was the town of Gajendragad. Raghavendra Acharya was a grandson of Sudhindra Swami.

Raghavendra Acharya was a profound scholar in Vedanta, Vyakaran (Grammar), Nyaya (Law), Mimamsa and Alankar. Raghavendra Acharya lived in Gajendragad, Karnatak, South India. His house was in effect a pathashala or school for students. Pratapsimha Emperor of Satara of Maratha Empire sent messenger with royal request that Raghavendra Acharya to shift to Satara with his family to become the Raj Pandit. He accepted the offer of the Emperor. Since the family shifted from Gajendragad to Satara, hence the family name GajendragadKar.


Shri R. K. Malode served as Mathematics lecturer in SM Bhoomaraddi College. He is retired head-master from the same college now.

Law and Justice[edit]

Pralhad Balacharya Gajendragadkar was Chief Justice of India, during Feb. 1964 to March 1966.

Freedom fighters, politicians[edit]

Even in the freedom fighting this small town was proudly involved, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru & Vallabh Patel Visited this town. The Photos Of their Visit was displayed in L C Patted (Tobacco Merchant) shop. The very near village called Rajur also was the centre of political power in the freedom fight, The Lady Called Late.Siddamma Patil(Daughter of Revadi Family, Gajendragad) was close to Nehru family, And very close associate of Andanappa Doddameti (In whose house Mahatha Gandhi stayed for a night – in Village called Jakkali). After Independence Gajendragad supported National Congress, Late Andanappa Kundaragi from Gajendragad became the president of Dharawad Dist.Congress Committee, He was called by nickname DAJIKAKA -(Dharawada Jillaa Congress Karyakarani).

Kannada Sahitya Sammelana[edit]

Gadag district Kannada sahitya sammelana (Literature meet) held on 11th,12th and 13th Feb 2011 at Gajendragad.


Gajendragarh is located at 15°44′N 75°59′E / 15.73°N 75.98°E / 15.73; 75.98.[14] It has an average elevation of 643 metres (2109 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[15] Gajendragarh had a population of 28,227. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gajendragarh has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 51%. In Gajendragarh, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "MUSALMA'N AND MARA'THA PERIOD. Bombay Gazetteer, Maráthás and Nizám against Tipu" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  2. ^ "Crown Representative's Records – Indian States Residencies". Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  3. ^ "Raja of Mudhol, A BIRD'S-EYE VIEW". Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  4. ^ "GAJENDRAGAD (Jagir)". Retrieved 2008-11-14. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Tipu Sultan (1782–1799)". Retrieved 2009-03-16. 
  7. ^ "SAVANUR, The Miyana dynasty, GENEALOGY, Treaty of Gajendragad". Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  8. ^ "Treaty of Gajendragad". Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  9. ^ "MMTC to expand wind energy project in Karnataka". Hemanth CS Bangalore DNA. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  10. ^ "Windmills blowing away wolves and hyenas,". Archived from the original on 2008-03-29. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  11. ^ "Endangered hyenas and wolves rapidly disappearing from Gajendragad". Archived from the original on 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  12. ^ "Gajendra-Gad-Kar School, Raghavendra Acharya". Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  13. ^ [1] Archived December 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Gajendragarh. Retrieved on 2011-11-25.
  15. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.