The Gakushūin (学習院) or Peers School (Gakushūin School Corporation), also known as Gakushūjo, is a Japanese educational institution in Tokyo, originally established to educate the children of Japan's nobility. Gakushuin is composed of the Kindergarten, Elementary School, Middle School, High School, and University.
The Peers' School was founded in 1847 by Emperor Ninkō in Kyoto. Its purpose was to educate the children of the Imperial aristocracy (kuge). Prior to the disestablishment of the Peerage in 1947, commoners had restricted access to Gakushuin, with limited slots only to the Elementary School and Middle School. In 1947, with the US mandated disestablishment of the Kazoku system, enrollment in Gakushuin was fully opened up to the general public. The Administration of the School was transferred to the Ministry of Education at this time. Previous to 1947, Gakushuin was administered by the Imperial Household Agency.
- Walk in the paths trodden by the feet of the great sages.
- Revere the righteous canons of the empire.
- He that has not learned the sacred doctrines, how can he govern himself?
- He that is ignorant of the classics, how can he regulate his own conduct?
- 1847: founded as Peers' School
- 1877: the school was established in Tokyo
- 1884: Gakushūin became an Imperial institution.
- 1885: Peeresses' School was created
- 1947: Gakushūin became a private institution.
|1||Tachibana Taneyuki||1877–1884||Viscount||–||Last lord of Miike Domain.|
|2||Tani Tateki||1884–1885||Viscount||Lieutenant General (IJA)||Former president of Imperial Japanese Army Academy|
|3||Ōtori Keisuke||1885–1887||Baron||–||Member of Privy council.|
|4||Miura Gorō||1887–1891||Viscount||Lieutenant General (IJA)|
|6||Tanaka Mitsuaki||1891–1894||Viscount||Major General (IJA)|
|7||Konoe Atsumaro||1894–1903||Duke||–||The heir of Konoe family. The president of House of Peers (1892–1905)|
|8||Kikuchi Dairoku||1903–1904||Baron||–||Mathematician and Minister of Education (1901–1903).|
|10||Nogi Maresuke||1906–1912||Count||General (IJA)||Emperor Showa entered school in 1908 and graduated in 1914.|
|11||Ōsako Naoharu||1912–1917||Viscount||General (IJA)|
|12||Hōjō Tokiyuki||1917–1920||–||–||Mathematician. Former president of Tohoku Imperial University (1913–1917).|
|13||Ichinohe Hyoe||1920–1922||–||General (IJA)||The Inspectorate General of Military Training|
|14||Fukuhara Ryojirō||1922–1929||–||–||Former president of Tohoku Imperial University (1917–1919)|
|15||Araki Torasaburō||1929–1937||–||–||Medical scientist. Former president of Kyoto Imperial University (1915–1929)|
|16||Nomura Kichisaburō||1937–1939||–||Admiral (IJN)|
|17||Yamanashi Katsunoshin||1939–1946||–||Admiral (IJN)|
Notable alumni and faculty members
- For alumni of Gakushuin University, see: Gakushūin University#Notable alumni
- Yoshihito, Emperor Taishō - late 123rd Emperor of Japan
- Hirohito, Emperor Shōwa - late 124th Emperor of Japan
- Nagako, Empress Kōjun, late Empress Dowager of Japan
- Emperor Akihito - Former 125th Emperor of Japan
- Emperor Naruhito - Current 126th Emperor of Japan
- Masahito, Prince Hitachi - brother of Emperor Akihito
- Hanako, Princess Hitachi - wife of the Prince Hitachi
- Fumihito, Prince Akishino - son of Emperor Akihito
- Kiko, Princess Akishino - wife of the Prince Akishino
- Kazuko, Princess Taka - sister of Emperor Akihito
- Shigeko, Princess Teru - sister of Emperor Akihito
- Atsuko, Princess Yori - sister of Emperor Akihito
- Takako, Princess Suga - sister of Emperor Akihito
- Sayako, Princess Nori - daughter of Emperor Akihito
- Nobuhito, Prince Takamatsu - brother of Emperor Shōwa
- Kikuko, Princess Takamatsu - wife of the Prince Takamatsu
- Yasuhito, Prince Chichibu - brother of Emperor Shōwa
- Takahito, Prince Mikasa - brother of Emperor Shōwa
- Yuriko, Princess Mikasa - wife of the Prince Mikasa
- Prince Tomohito of Mikasa - son of the Prince Mikasa
- Princess Yasuko of Mikasa - daughter of the Prince Mikasa
- Princess Masako of Mikasa - daughter of the Prince Mikasa
- Princess Akiko of Mikasa - daughter of Prince Tomohito
- Princess Yōko of Mikasa - daughter of Prince Tomohito
- Norihito, Prince Takamado - son of the Prince Mikasa
- Princess Tsuguko of Takamado - daughter of the Prince Takamado
- Princess Noriko of Takamado - daughter of the Prince Takamado
- Princess Ayako of Takamado - daughter of the Prince Takamado
- Yoshihito, Prince Katsura - son of Prince Mikasa
- Aiko, Princess Toshi - daughter of Crown Prince Naruhito
- Lieutenant General Prince Imperial Ui Min
- Prince Yi Geon of Korea
- Prince Yi Gu of Korea
- Prince Yi Kang of Korea
- Prince Yi U of Korea
- Princess Deokhye of Korea
- Princess Huisheng of Aisin Gioro (Qing ruling family of Imperial China)
- Hayao Miyazaki, Director
- Yoko Ono
- Tarō Asō, former Prime Minister of Japan
- Michihiko Kano
- Yukio Mishima
- Shiono Nanami, Author
- Marina Inoue
- Tetsuya Kakihara
- Yoshinobu Shimamura
- Hisaoki Kamei
- Akiko Kamei
- Keiko Nagaoka
- Yasuko Ikenobo
- Yoshiki Kuroda
- Tokugawa Tsunenari
- Hiroyuki Namba
- Akiko Kobayashi
- Akira Yoshimura, Author
- Yoshiki Tanaka, Author
- Yoshihiko Funazaki, Author
- Yuki Kawauchi, Runner
- Kuniko Asagi
- Mona Yamamoto
- Satomi Ton
- Toshiyuki Hosokawa
- Masakazu Motoki
- Kiyoshi Kodama
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Gakushū-in" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 230.
- "History of Gakushuin" at Gakushuin Women's College; retrieved 2013-2-27.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1915). The Imperial Family of Japan, p. 26.
- Brinkley, Frank. (1915). A History of the Japanese People, p. 664.