Galaga '88

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Galaga '88
Galaga 88 flyer.jpg
Sales flyer
Composer(s)Hiroyuki Kawada
Platform(s)Arcade, Game Gear, TurboGrafx-16, X68000, Mobile phone
  • JP: December 1987
  • EU: January 1988
  • NA: April 1988
Genre(s)Fixed shooter
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer (alternating turns)
Arcade systemNamco System 1

Galaga '88[a] is a 1987 fixed shooter arcade video game by Namco. It is the third sequel for Galaxian (following Galaga, and Gaplus). It features significantly improved graphics over the previous games in the series, including detailed backgrounds, larger enemies and greater ship details. The game runs on Namco System 1 hardware.

Galaga '88 was a commercial success in Japan, but was not as commercially successful as its predecessors outside of Japan. The game was praised by critics for its gameplay, graphics, and music. Reviewers complimented its new enhancements that changed and innovated the core gameplay, and for standing out among other games at the time. It was ported to the TurboGrafx-16, X68000, and Game Gear and is included in Namco compilations. It was followed by Galaxian3: Project Dragoon in 1990.


Arcade version screenshot

Galaga '88 is a fixed shooter video game. Its plot involves the launch of a starship named the Blast Fighter[1] to destroy the hostile Galaga forces and their home planet. Its gameplay is similar to its predecessors; as the Blast Fighter, the player must shoot each of the Galaga aliens, who fly into formation from the top and sides of the playfield.[2] Aliens will make an attempt to hit the player by divebombing towards the bottom of the screen. Colliding with an alien or their projectile results in a life being lost.[3]

Atop each formation are four larger enemies known as the Boss Galaga, which take two hits to destroy.[3] These aliens use a tractor beam to capture a player's ship, returning with it to the top of the screen.[3] The player can reclaim the captured fighter by shooting a Boss Galaga holding one while it is divebombing. If they are successful, the captured fighter joins with the player's own to create a dual fighter that has additional firepower and a larger hitbox.[4] A Boss Galaga can also capture a dual fighter; rescuing it in the same fashion instead creates a triple fighter, an even larger ship with wide, fast-moving shots.[4][5] A triple fighter can also be acquired by finding pink-colored capsules.[2]

Galaga '88 consists of five "worlds", each one containing up to four stages, including a bonus stage at the end. Each world gives the player a chance to acquire up to two blue warp capsules by defeating large enemies and destroying obstacles; completing a bonus stage with two capsules warps the player to the next dimension, in which enemies and formations are different and generally more difficult.[5] There are additionally two vertical-scrolling stages featuring two enemy formations and a boss.[3][5] The game features four different endings based on which dimension the player is in when they complete the game.[5]



The soundtrack for Galaga '88 was composed by Hiroyuki Kawada, a former game designer that created music for games such as Solvalou, Yokai Dochuki, and Valkyrie no Densetsu. Kawada expressed his admiration for its gameplay, and wanted the music and sound effects to convey a sense of entertainment instead of stoicism. For the Galactic Dancin stages, he created music that tapped into a wide variety of genres, like orchestra, tango, salsa, and big band jazz. Kawada based the idea off his "eclectic" taste in music, and wanted the soundtrack in Galaga '88 to reflect this. The music was created before the stages themselves were programmed; Kawada composed the tracks while the programmers choreographed the enemy movement to his music.[6]

Since Galaga '88 utilized the System 1 hardware, Kawada was able to experiment with the board's sound channels: "I loved bringing together the richness of the timbres in FM synthesis, the wave table synthesis that played a crucial role in the Namco sound, and the PCM synthesis that was indispensable for those low resolution real sound effects. When they were all combined and their distinctive colors were used to the fullest, it was possible to create a wealth of musical variety to complement the classic traditional sounds of the Galaga series."[6]


A prototype of Galaga '88 was demonstrated at the Japan Amusement Machine (JAMMA) trade show in October 1987, presented alongside Pac-Mania and Assault.[7] Namco released the game in Japan in December 1987.[8] In Europe, the game made its debut at London's Amusement Trades Exhibition International (ATEI) in January 1988.[9] The game was released in April 1988 in North America, and was published by Atari Games in North America and Europe as part of its licensing agreement with Namco America.[10][9]

A home conversion of Galaga '88 was released for the PC Engine in Japan on July 5, 1988. It was published by NEC for the console's North American counterpart, the TurboGrafx-16, a year later under the name Galaga '90. Dempa released a version of Galaga '88 for the Sharp X68000 computer the same year. In addition to including a port of the original arcade game, the X68000 version features an additional gamemode that replaces the Galaga aliens with characters from other classic Namco video games – this version has been retroactively named Galaga '88 Arrangement.[5] In 2007, Namco Bandai Games digitally re-released the TurboGrafx version through the Wii Virtual Console, followed by the arcade version in Japan in 2009.[11] Two Japanese mobile phone ports were produced; the first was for i-Mode in 2007 and the second for EZweb in 2008.[12] The PC Engine version was re-released for the PlayStation Network in Japan in 2011 under the Game Archives series.[13]

Galaga '88 is included in the arcade compilations Namco Museum 50th Anniversary (2005),[14] Namco Museum Virtual Arcade (2008),[15] and Namco Museum Switch (2017). The 2011 iOS compilation Galaga 30th Collection includes remakes of '88 and its three arcade predecessors, utilizing enhanced visuals and audio, achievements, and support for Game Center.[16] '88 is also featured in the arcade games Pac-Man’s Arcade Party (2010)[17][18] and Pac-Man’s Pixel Bash (2019).[19] The TurboGrafx-16 version is one of the included titles in the TurboGrafx-16 Mini by Konami.[20]


Galaga '88 proved successful in Japan, remaining in the top earning charts throughout most of the year.[26] It was Japan's sixth highest-grossing arcade conversion kit of 1988.[27] The game's simplicity and additions to the gameplay of its predecessors are cited as the reasons for its success and appeal in the country. It was largely unsuccessful in North America by comparison,[21] with Atari having only sold a combined 986 arcade units and boards by the end of the year.[10]

The game was well received by critics. Computer + Video Games liked its cute visuals and new additions to the core Galaga gameplay,[28] while The Games Machine applauded its addictiveness, soundtrack and replay value. Your Sinclair labeled it "one of the most enjoyable machines on offer this month".[29] Advanced Computer Entertainment was more negative towards the game for being "nothing more than a prettified version of the original", although they praised its colorful, detailed visuals and soundtrack.[30] Gamest magazine awarded it the 28th "Annual Hit Game" award in 1998 based on reader vote, citing that its addictive nature, colorful visuals and catchy music made Galaga '88 stand out among other games at the time.[25]

In a 1998 retrospective review, Allgame was positive towards the game's graphics, branching level paths and overall improvements made over its predecessor.[21] They also found the TurboGrafx-16 conversion to be a "killer port" for keeping the spirit of the original, going on to call it the best shooter released for the system.[22] Reviewing the Wii Virtual Console digital re-release of the TurboGrafx port, Eurogamer found it to be a "pitch perfect dose of frenetic arcade blasting" for its triple fighter mechanic and branching stages, saying that it sets a good example for how to successfully remake a classic arcade game.[24]


  1. ^ Japanese: ギャラガ'88, Hepburn: Gyaraga Eiti Eito


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  10. ^ a b "Atari Production Numbers Memo". Atari Games. January 4, 2010. Archived from the original on January 20, 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  11. ^ Spencer (March 26, 2009). "Namco Bandai Backs Virtual Console Arcade In A Big Way". Siliconera. Archived from the original on February 26, 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  12. ^ "「ギャラガ'88」、携帯アプリで復活──ナムコEZ ゲームス". ITMedia. February 26, 2008. Archived from the original on September 26, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  13. ^ "アーカイブスに『天外魔境II』『ヴァリスII』『ギャラガ '88』な". Dengeki Online (in Japanese). Dengeki. March 9, 2011. Archived from the original on May 3, 2019. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  14. ^ Aaron, Sean (September 3, 2009). "Namco Museum: 50th Anniversary Review (GCN)". Nintendo Life. Archived from the original on September 26, 2017. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  15. ^ Geddes, Ryan (November 6, 2008). "Namco Museum: Virtual Arcade Review". IGN. Archived from the original on June 16, 2019. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  16. ^ Tan, Maurice (June 9, 2011). "E3: Galaga 30th Anniversary hits iOS with free Galaxian". Destructoid. Enthusiast Gaming. Archived from the original on August 17, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  17. ^ Clark, Matt (February 6, 2019). "The Best All-in-One Arcade Game Cabinets 2019". IGN. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  18. ^ "Pac-Man Arcade Party". Killer List of Videogames. Archived from the original on March 25, 2019. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  19. ^ Sanford, Time (August 2, 2018). "Pac-Man's Pixel Bash Chill Cabinet Targets 8-Bit Classics Enthusiasts". Vending Times. Archived from the original on July 13, 2019. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  20. ^ McWhertor, Michael (August 8, 2019). "Konami confirms seven more games for TurboGrafx-16 mini". Polygon. Archived from the original on August 15, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  21. ^ a b c Alan Weiss, Brett (1998). "Galaga '88 - Review". Allgame. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  22. ^ a b Alan Weiss, Brett (1998). "Galaga '90 - Review". Allgame. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  23. ^ "Complete Games Guide" (PDF). Computer and Video Games (Complete Guide to Consoles): 46–77. 16 October 1989.
  24. ^ a b Whitehead, Dan (August 13, 2007). "Virtual Console Roundup - Galaga 90". Eurogamer. p. 2. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  25. ^ a b GAMEST MOOK Vol.112 - The Best Game 2 Arcade Video Game History of 26 Years (Volume 5, Issue 4 ed.). Gamest. January 17, 1998. pp. 22–23. ISBN 9784881994290.
  26. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - テーブル型TVゲーム機 (Table Videos)". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 325. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 February 1988. p. 23.
  27. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25: '88 / "Game of the Year '88" By Game Machine" (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 348. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 January 1989. pp. 10–1, 26.
  28. ^ "Galaga '88". Computer + Video Games. May 1988. p. 118. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  29. ^ Brennan, Ciaran (June 1988). "Slots of Fun - Galaga 88". Your Sinclair. p. 75. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  30. ^ Jenkins, Chris (March 1988). "Back To The Future - Sequels". Advanced Computer Entertainment. p. 26. Archived from the original on 16 September 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2019.

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