Galanin receptor 3

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GALR3
Identifiers
Aliases GALR3, Galanin receptor 3
External IDs MGI: 1329003 HomoloGene: 20798 GeneCards: 8484
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE GALR3 33579 i at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_003614

NM_015738

RefSeq (protein)

NP_003605.1

NP_056553.2

Location (UCSC) Chr 22: 37.82 – 37.83 Mb Chr 15: 79.03 – 79.04 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Galanin receptor 3 (GAL3) is a G-protein coupled receptor encoded by the GALR3 gene.[1]

Function[edit]

The neuropeptide galanin modulates a variety of physiologic processes including cognition/memory, sensory/pain processing, hormone secretion, and feeding behavior. The human galanin receptors are G protein-coupled receptors that functionally couple to their intracellular effector through distinct signaling pathways. GALR3 is found in many tissues and may be expressed as 1.4-, 2.4-, and 5-kb transcripts[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Smith KE, Walker MW, Artymyshyn R, Bard J, Borowsky B, Tamm JA, Yao WJ, Vaysse PJ, Branchek TA, Gerald C, Jones KA (Sep 1998). "Cloned human and rat galanin GALR3 receptors. Pharmacology and activation of G-protein inwardly rectifying K+ channels". The Journal of Biological Chemistry 273 (36): 23321–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.36.23321. PMID 9722565. 
  • Kolakowski LF, O'Neill GP, Howard AD, Broussard SR, Sullivan KA, Feighner SD, Sawzdargo M, Nguyen T, Kargman S, Shiao LL, Hreniuk DL, Tan CP, Evans J, Abramovitz M, Chateauneuf A, Coulombe N, Ng G, Johnson MP, Tharian A, Khoshbouei H, George SR, Smith RG, O'Dowd BF (Dec 1998). "Molecular characterization and expression of cloned human galanin receptors GALR2 and GALR3". Journal of Neurochemistry 71 (6): 2239–51. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.1998.71062239.x. PMID 9832121. 
  • Iismaa TP, Fathi Z, Hort YJ, Iben LG, Dutton JL, Baker E, Sutherland GR, Shine J (Dec 1998). "Structural organization and chromosomal localization of three human galanin receptor genes". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 863: 56–63. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1998.tb10683.x. PMID 9928159. 
  • Lapsys NM, Furler SM, Henderson NK, Dutton JL, Hort YJ, Eisman JA, Shine J, Iismaa TP (Aug 1999). "A polymorphism in the human GALR3 galanin receptor gene (GALNR3)". Molecular and Cellular Probes 13 (4): 325–7. doi:10.1006/mcpr.1999.0254. PMID 10441207. 
  • Dunham I, Shimizu N, Roe BA, Chissoe S, Hunt AR, Collins JE, Bruskiewich R, Beare DM, Clamp M, Smink LJ, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Babbage A, Bagguley C, Bailey J, Barlow K, Bates KN, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bridgeman AM, Buck D, Burgess J, Burrill WD, O'Brien KP (Dec 1999). "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22". Nature 402 (6761): 489–95. doi:10.1038/990031. PMID 10591208. 
  • Berger A, Tuechler C, Almer D, Kogner P, Ratschek M, Kerbl R, Iismaa TP, Jones N, Sperl W, Kofler B (Feb 2002). "Elevated expression of galanin receptors in childhood neuroblastic tumors". Neuroendocrinology 75 (2): 130–8. doi:10.1159/000048229. PMID 11867941. 
  • Belfer I, Hipp H, Bollettino A, McKnight C, Evans C, Virkkunen M, Albaugh B, Max MB, Goldman D, Enoch MA (Jul 2007). "Alcoholism is associated with GALR3 but not two other galanin receptor genes". Genes, Brain, and Behavior 6 (5): 473–81. doi:10.1111/j.1601-183X.2006.00275.x. PMID 17083333. 
  • Runesson J, Sollenberg UE, Jurkowski W, Yazdi S, Eriksson EE, Elofsson A, Langel U (Dec 2010). "Determining receptor-ligand interaction of human galanin receptor type 3". Neurochemistry International 57 (7): 804–11. doi:10.1016/j.neuint.2010.08.018. PMID 20817064. 

External links[edit]

  • "Galanin Receptors: GAL3". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.