Galaxy Express 999 (film)
|Galaxy Express 999|
Japanese film poster for Galaxy Express 999
|Produced by||Chiaki Imada|
|Screenplay by||Shiro Ishimori|
|Based on||Galaxy Express 999|
by Leiji Matsumoto
|Music by||Nozomu Aoki|
|Distributed by||Toei Company|
|Box office||¥16.5 billion ($76.12 million).|
- Masako Nozawa as Tetsuro Hoshino
- Masako Ikeda as Maetel
- Yōko Asagami as Claire
- Kaneta Kimotsuki as the Conductor
- Makio Inoue as Captain Harlock
- Reiko Tajima as Queen Emeraldas
- Takashi Toyama as Tochirō Ōyama
- Noriko Ohara as Crown
- Hidekatsu Shibata as a Machinery Earl
- Fujita Huatulco as Shadow
- Ryūji Saikachi as Taver's master
- Akiko Tsuboi as Tetsuo's mother
- Goro Naya as Dr. Pan
- Tatsuya Jo as the Narrator
Galaxy Express 999 was released in Japan on August 4, 1979 where it was distributed by Toei Company. It was the highest grossing film of 1979 in Japan. The film was picked up for distribution in the United States by Roger Corman's New World Pictures in 1980 but was shelved until 1982 after test bookings. The film was the first anime film to receive theatrical distribution in the United States after the establishment of anime fandom in the West. The film premiered in America on August 8, 1981. The American version of the film was edited from the original 129 minute running time to 91 minutes and changed characters names such as Tetsuro Hoshino to Joey "Hana-cana-boba-camanda" Smith.
The film's second English-language adaptation was produced by Viz Media and released in 1996. The DVD version of Galaxy Express 999 was released in the United States on June 28, 2011 by Discotek Media. It feature the English subbed and dubbed (Viz dub) versions of the films.
Variety referred to the film as an "attractive Japanese animated sci-fi feature" , but noted that "working in a limited animation format, the chief drawback of which is limited movement [...], the film does boast beautifully-colored, elaborate designs. Once one gets used to the lack of fluid, full animation, the imaginative visuals are impressive" and that "pic deserves a second look".
Aftermath and influence
- "スタッフ＆キャスト" (in Japanese). Toei Animation. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
- Beck 2005, p. 91.
- "銀河鉄道９９９" (in Japanese). Einren.org. Retrieved January 31, 2016.
- "FEATURE: Japanese Anime Magazine Retrospective: "Animage" in August 1979". Crunchyroll. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- "Currency converter in the past with official exchange rates from 1953". fxtop. August 4, 1979.
- Macias 2003, p. 6.
- Willis 1985, p. 407: "Review is of a 91 minute English language-version viewed in New York on July 27, 1982"
- Beck 2005, p. 90.
- Galaxy Express 999 Graphic Novel Volume 1. Viz Communications Inc. October 1998. p. 7.
- "Discotek Media Adds 3rd Galaxy Express 999 Film – News". Anime News Network. October 4, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- "日本アカデミー賞公式サイト" (in Japanese). Japanese Academy Awards. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
- Camp 2007, p. 125.
- Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1569762228.
- Camp, Brian; Davis, Julie (2007). Anime Classics Zettai!: 100 Must-See Japanese Animation Masterpieces. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1933330228.
- Macias, Patrick (2003). Anime Poster Art: Japan's Movie House Masterpieces. DH Publishing Inc. ISBN 0972312447.
- Willis, Donald, ed. (1985). Variety's Complete Science Fiction Reviews. Garland Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-0-8240-6263-7.