Galega

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Galega
Galega orientalis Rehuvuohenherne C IMG 4803.JPG
G. orientalis, University of Helsinki Botanical Garden
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Papilionoideae
Tribe: Galegeae
Genus: Galega
L.
Species

6–8, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Accorombona Endl. 1841
  • Callotropis G. Don 1832

Galega (goat's rue) is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, native to central and southern Europe, western Asia and tropical east Africa. They are tall, bushy, herbaceous perennials with erect racemes of pea-like flowers in shades of white, pink, blue or mauve. Their preferred habitats are sunny damp meadows or slopes.[2]

The species Galega officinalis and Galega orientalis are familiar in cultivation. Numerous cultivars and garden hybrids have also been produced, of which G. × hartlandii 'Lady Wilson' (bicoloured blue and white)[3] and the white-flowered G. officinalis 'Alba'[4] have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

There are about 6[5] to 8[6] species in the genus.

Species include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hanelt P., ed. (2001). Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Except Ornamentals (1 ed.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 799. ISBN 3-540-41017-1. 
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ Galega × hartlandii 'Lady Wilson' AGM. Royal Horticultural Society.
  4. ^ Galega officinalis 'Alba'. Royal Horticultural Society.
  5. ^ González‐Andrés, F., et al. (2004). Management of Galega officinalis L. and preliminary results on its potential for milk production improvement in sheep. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 47(2) 233-45.
  6. ^ Balezentiene, L. Introduction and agro economical value of Galega orientalis Lam. 3rd International Symposium on Weeds and Invasive Plants. Ancona, Switzerland. October 2-7, 2011.