Galician regional election, 2012

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Galician regional election, 2012

← 2009 21 October 2012 2016 →

All 75 seats in the Parliament of Galicia
38 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 2,697,717 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.9%
Turnout 1,481,379 (54.9%)
Red Arrow Down.svg9.5 pp

  First party Second party Third party
  Alberto Núñez Feijóo 2013 (cropped).jpg Pachi Vázquez 2012 (cropped).jpg Xosé Manuel Beiras 2015b (cropped).jpg
Leader Alberto Núñez Feijóo Pachi Vázquez Xosé Manuel Beiras
Party PP PSdeG–PSOE AGE
Leader since 15 January 2006 25 April 2009 4 September 2012
Leader's seat Pontevedra Ourense A Coruña
Last election 38 seats, 46.7% 25 seats, 31.0% 0 seats, 1.0%[a]
Seats won 41 18 9
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3 Red Arrow Down.svg7 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg9
Popular vote 661,281 297,584 200,828
Percentage 45.8% 20.6% 13.9%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg0.9 pp Red Arrow Down.svg10.4 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg12.9 pp

  Fourth party
  P1180593 Ana Pontón, Francisco Jorquera, Manifestación xuízo Prestige (Headshot).jpg
Leader Francisco Jorquera
Party BNG
Leader since 15 January 2012
Leader's seat A Coruña
Last election 12 seats, 16.0%
Seats won 7
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg5
Popular vote 146,027
Percentage 10.1%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg5.9 pp

GaliciaProvinceMapParliament2012.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Galicia

President before election

Alberto Núñez Feijóo
PP

Elected President

Alberto Núñez Feijóo
PP

The 2012 Galician regional election was held on Sunday, 21 October 2012, to elect the 9th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Galicia. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with a regional election in the Basque Country.

This was a snap election held several months before scheduled. Incumbent President Alberto Núñez Feijóo stood for re-election for a 2nd consecutive term in office, running for the People's Party (PP). For the Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG-PSOE) ran its Secretary-General Pachi Vázquez. Former congressman Francisco Jorquera ran for the left-wing Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG), while former BNG leader Xosé Manuel Beiras, stood for Galician Left Alternative (AGE), a newly formed left-wing alliance between United Left and Anova, Beiras' split party from BNG.

The election resulted in a surprise result for both Núñez Feijóo, who enlarged his absolute majority from 38 and 41 seats, and Beiras' coalition AGE, which won 200,000 votes and 14% of the share, scoring in third position. In contrast, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party obtained one of the worst results in the history of the party in Galicia. All in all, the enlarged PP majority came as a result of the enormous fragmentation of the left vote within several parties, as Feijóo's party lost almost 130,000 votes from 2009.

Overview[edit]

Background[edit]

The election was held amid a climate of falling popularity in Mariano Rajoy's government, with the electoral campaign being heavily marked by the austerity measures approved by the People's Party government. In July 2012, a 65 billion euros worth spending cut and a VAT rise from 18% to 21% was passed; such measures being heavily criticised because they were a breach of a key election promise.[1][2] The PP vote share immediately plummeted in opinion polls from 40% to 34%. This raised fears within Núñez Feijóo's regional government about the possibility of losing the party's absolute majority in the Galician Parliament election scheduled for early 2013.[3]

On 21 August 2012, Basque premier Patxi López announced that he was bringing forward the Basque election date to 21 October 2012, after the People's Party had announced that it was withdrawing its support to López' Socialist government in the Basque Country.[4] As a result, President Feijóo announced that he was calling the election earlier in order for it to coincide with the Basque election.[5]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of Galicia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Galicia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Galician Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Xunta.[6] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Galicia and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Galicians abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[7]

The 75 members of the Parliament of Galicia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over five percent, depending on the district magnitude.[8] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 10 seats, with the remaining 35 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations.[6][9]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[9][10][11]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of Galicia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The election Decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Journal of Galicia, with election day taking place between the fifty-fourth and the sixtieth day from publication. The previous election was held on 1 March 2009, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 1 March 2013. The election Decree was required to be published no later than 5 February 2013, with the election taking place up to the sixtieth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Saturday, 6 April 2013.[6][9]

The President of the Xunta had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Galicia and call a snap election, provided that it did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[12]

Opinion polls[edit]

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 38 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Galicia.

Color key:

  Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls   Exit poll

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 21 October 2012 Parliament of Galicia election results
GaliciaParliamentDiagram2012.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 661,281 45.80 –0.88 41 +3
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 297,584 20.61 –10.41 18 –7
Galician Left Alternative (United LeftAnova) (AGE)1 200,828 13.91 +12.94 9 +9
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 146,027 10.11 –5.90 7 –5
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 21,335 1.48 +0.07 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 17,141 1.19 New 0 ±0
Civil Society and Democracy (SCD) 15,990 1.11 New 0 ±0
Commitment to Galicia (CxG)2 14,586 1.01 –0.10 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 8,041 0.56 New 0 ±0
Ourensan Democracy (DO) 4,245 0.29 +0.23 0 ±0
Land Party (PT) 3,131 0.22 New 0 ±0
Communists of Galicia (PCPE–CdG) 1,664 0.12 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 1,556 0.11 New 0 ±0
Pirates of Galicia (Pirata.gal) 1,551 0.11 New 0 ±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 1,455 0.10 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,352 0.09 +0.05 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,340 0.09 +0.02 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 1,329 0.09 –0.12 0 ±0
Corunese Union (UC) 1,172 0.08 New 0 ±0
XXI Convergence (C.XXI) 1,072 0.07 New 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 868 0.06 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn) 489 0.03 +0.01 0 ±0
Let us Give the Change (DeC) 432 0.03 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party of Law (SDD) 412 0.03 +0.01 0 ±0
Centre Democratic Action of Galicia (ADCG) 360 0.02 New 0 ±0
Community Integration Party (PYC) 159 0.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 38,448 2.66 +1.00
Total 1,443,848 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,443,848 97.47 –1.64
Invalid votes 37,531 2.53 +1.64
Votes cast / turnout 1,481,379 54.91 –9.52
Abstentions 1,216,338 45.09 +9.52
Registered voters 2,697,717
Sources[13][14]
Popular vote
PP
45.80%
PSdeG–PSOE
20.61%
AGE
13.91%
BNG
10.11%
UPyD
1.48%
EB
1.19%
SCD
1.11%
CxG
1.01%
Others
2.12%
Blank ballots
2.66%
Seats
PP
54.67%
PSdeG–PSOE
24.00%
AGE
12.00%
BNG
9.33%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PP PSdeG AGE BNG
% S % S % S % S
A Coruña 45.4 13 18.8 5 16.6 4 9.6 2
Lugo 51.5 9 22.7 4 10.3 1 8.7 1
Ourense 49.2 8 23.7 4 7.8 1 8.5 1
Pontevedra 42.8 11 20.8 5 14.4 3 11.9 3
Total 45.8 41 20.6 18 13.9 9 10.1 7

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture
Alberto Núñez Feijóo (PP)
Ballot → 29 November 2012
Required majority → 38 out of 75 YesY
41 / 75
34 / 75
Abstentions
0 / 75
Absentees
0 / 75
Sources[14]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Data for EU–IU in the 2009 election.

References[edit]

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Mayoría absoluta para el PP y entrada fortísima de Alternativa, según la encuesta de TVG". El Correo Gallego (in Spanish). 21 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Spanish exit polls: Sampling error or nonresponse bias?" (PDF). Revista Internacional de Sociología. 23 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Instituto Sondaxe. Tracking electoral" (PDF). Sondaxe (in Spanish). 21 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "El PP camino de los 44 escaños (según ASCA)". galiciadiario.com (in Spanish). 15 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "Los indecisos dejan plenamente abierto el resultado de las elecciones del 21-O". Atlántico (in Spanish). 15 October 2012. 
  6. ^ "Los indecisos y el cambio de voto dejan plenamente abierto el resultado del 21-O". La Región (in Spanish). 15 October 2012. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "El PP reforzará su mayoría absoluta y EU-Anova lograría hasta 4 escaños a costa de PSOE y BNG". Faro de Vigo (in Spanish). 14 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "El PP refuerza su mayoría con 39 escaños y Alternativa Galega consigue cinco". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 15 October 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c d "El PP consolida la mayoría absoluta". La Razón (in Spanish). 15 October 2012. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. 
  10. ^ "AGE recupera el quinto escaño a costa del PP". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 14 October 2012. 
  11. ^ "El PP amplía la ventaja hasta 41 escaños". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 13 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Feijóo, a las puertas de lograr una histórica victoria a pesar de la crisis". El Mundo (in Spanish). 14 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Alternativa Galega arrebata dos escaños a PSdeG y BNG y sube hasta cinco". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 12 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "El PP ganará las elecciones en Galicia pero la mayoría absoluta está en el aire". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 15 October 2012. 
  15. ^ "El ObSERvatorio de la Cadena SER. Estudio preelectoral de Galicia (15/10/2012)" (PDF). MyWord (in Spanish). 15 October 2012. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "El PSdeG se recupera ligeramente y sube dos escaños". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 11 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "El PP refuerza su mayoría absoluta y arranca sendos diputados a PSOE y Alternativa Galega". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 10 October 2012. 
  18. ^ "Beiras sube tres escaños a costa de PSOE y BNG". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 9 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "El PSdeG se recupera y Beiras pierde fuelle". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 7 October 2012. 
  20. ^ "El PP refuerza su mayoría, el BNG resiste y Beiras logra dos escaños a costa del PSOE". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 6 October 2012. 
  21. ^ "Feijóo podría aumentar su mayoría absoluta frente al descalabro del PSOE". ABC (in Spanish). 7 October 2012. 
  22. ^ "Preelectoral de Galicia. Elecciones autonómicas, 2012 (Estudio nº 2958. Septiembre 2012)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 5 October 2012. 
  23. ^ "El PP revalidaría su mayoría en Galicia y el PNV volvería a ganar en Euskadi". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 6 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "El PP se hace con la mayoría absoluta en Galicia". La Razón (in Spanish). 24 September 2012. Archived from the original on 27 October 2012. 
  25. ^ "El PP consolidará su mayoría absoluta y podría llegar a 41 diputados". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 4 October 2012. 
  26. ^ "El PP sigue al borde de repetir mayoría absoluta en Galicia". La Razón (in Spanish). 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. 
  27. ^ "El PP reafirma su mayoría absoluta y la coalición de EU y Beiras apunta a 3 escaños". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 9 September 2012. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. 
  28. ^ "Feijóo podría perder el escaño de la mayoría absoluta". La Razón (in Spanish). 3 September 2012. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. 
  29. ^ "Feijóo se aleja de la mayoría absoluta". galiciadiario.com (in Spanish). 2 July 2012. 
  30. ^ "La Xunta está en el aire". galiciadiario.com (in Spanish). 10 May 2012. 
  31. ^ "El PP lograría un escaño más en todas las provincias salvo en Pontevedra". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 29 April 2012. 
  32. ^ "El PP afianza con 4 escaños más su mayoría a costa de un PSOE en declive". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 28 February 2011. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. 
  33. ^ "Informe elecciones autonómicas. Barómetro estacional. Febrero 2011" (PDF). Sondaxe (in Spanish). 28 February 2011. 
  34. ^ "El PP reforzaría su mayoría absoluta al arrebatar dos escaños al PSdeG". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 13 December 2010. Archived from the original on 16 December 2010. 
  35. ^ "Informe elecciones autonómicas. Barómetro estacional. Noviembre 2010" (PDF). Sondaxe (in Spanish). 13 December 2010. 
  36. ^ "PP y PSOE aplauden el barómetro que da a Feijoo dos diputados más y a los socialistas el poder urbano". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 7 February 2010. 
  37. ^ "Informe elecciones autonómicas. Barómetro estacional. Enero 2010" (PDF). Sondaxe (in Spanish). 7 February 2010. 
Other
  1. ^ "The harshest adjustment of democracy" (in Spanish). El País. 2012-07-11. 
  2. ^ "Rajoy raises VAT 3 points, from 18% to 21%" (in Spanish). El País. 2012-07-11. 
  3. ^ "Feijóo forces a legal change in order to preserve his absolute majority" (in Spanish). El País. 2012-07-24. 
  4. ^ "Basagoiti terminates the agreement with Patxi López and calls for a snap elections in the Basque Country" (in Spanish). RTVE. 2012-05-07. 
  5. ^ "Feijóo brings forward the Galician election for it to coincide with the Basque election" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2012-08-27. 
  6. ^ a b c Statute of Autonomy for Galicia of 1981, Organic Law No. 1 of 6 April 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 8 August 2017.
  7. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  8. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c Parliament of Galicia Elections Law of 1985, Law No. 2 of 13 August 1985 Official Journal of Galicia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 8 August 2017.
  10. ^ General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Xunta and President Law of 1983, Law No. 1 of 22 February 1983 Official Journal of Galicia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 8 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Parliament of Galicia election results, 21 October 2012" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Galicia. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2017. 
  14. ^ a b "Parliament of Galicia elections since 1981". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 25 September 2017.