Galician parliamentary election, 2012
The 2012 Galician parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 21 October 2012, to elect the 9th Parliament of Galicia, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of Galicia. At stake were all 75 seats in the Parliament, determining the President of the Xunta of Galicia. This was a snap election held five months before scheduled, in order to coincide with the 2012 Basque election, which had also been called ahead of schedule by Lehendakari Patxi López. New elections were not due until March 2013.
Incumbent President Alberto Núñez Feijóo stood for re-election for a 2nd consecutive term in office, running for the People's Party (PP). For the Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG-PSOE) ran its Secretary-General Pachi Vázquez. Former congressman Francisco Jorquera ran for the left-wing Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG), while former BNG leader Xosé Manuel Beiras, stood for Galician Left Alternative (AGE), a newly formed left-wing alliance between United Left and Anova, Beiras' split party from BNG.
The election resulted in a surprise result for both Núñez Feijóo, who enlarged his absolute majority from 38 and 41 seats, and Beiras' coalition AGE, which won 200,000 votes and 14% of the share, scoring in third position. In contrast, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party obtained one of the worst results in the history of the party in Galicia. All in all, the enlarged PP majority came as a result of the enormous fragmentation of the left vote within several parties, as Feijóo's party lost almost 130,000 votes from 2009.
The 75 members of the Parliament of Galicia were elected in 4 multi-member districts, corresponding to Galicia's four provinces, using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation. Each district was entitled to an initial minimum of 10 seats, with the remaining 35 seats being allocated among the four provinces in proportion to their populations. For the 2012 election, seats were distributed as follows: Corunna (24), Lugo (15), Ourense (14) and Pontevedra (22).
Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. Only lists polling above 5% of the total vote in each district (which includes blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.
The election was held amid a climate of falling popularity in Mariano Rajoy's government, with the electoral campaign being heavily marked by the austerity measures approved by the People's Party government. In July 2012, a 65 billion euros worth spending cut and a VAT rise from 18% to 21% was passed; such measures being heavily criticised because they were a breach of a key election promise. The PP vote share immediately plummeted in opinion polls from 40% to 34%. This raised fears within Núñez Feijóo's regional government about the possibility of losing the party's absolute majority in the Galician Parliament election scheduled for early 2013.
On 21 August 2012, Basque premier Patxi López announced that he was bringing forward the Basque election date to 21 October 2012, after the People's Party had announced that it was withdrawing its support to López' Socialist government in the Basque Country. As a result, President Feijóo announced that he was calling the election earlier in order for it to coincide with the Basque election.
Poll results are listed in the tables below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty.
- Color key:
Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 38 seats are required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Galicia.
- Color key:
Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls Exit poll
|People's Party of Galicia (PPdeG)||661,281||45.80||–0.88||41||+3|
|Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE)||297,584||20.61||–10.41||18||–7|
|Galician Left Alternative (United Left–Anova) (AGE)[a]||200,828||13.91||+12.94||9||+9|
|Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)||146,027||10.11||–5.90||7||–5|
|Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)||21,335||1.48||+0.07||0||±0|
|Blank Seats (EB)||17,141||1.19||New||0||±0|
|Civil Society and Democracy (SCD)||15,990||1.11||New||0||±0|
|Commitment to Galicia (CxG)||14,586||1.01||New||0||±0|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||30,628||2.12||–||0||±0|
|Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA)||8,041||0.56||New||0||±0|
|Ourensan Democracy (DO)||4,245||0.29||+0.23||0||±0|
|Land Party (PT)||3,131||0.22||New||0||±0|
|Communists of Galicia (CdG–PCPE)||1,664||0.12||New||0||±0|
|Communist Unification of Spain (UCE)||1,556||0.11||New||0||±0|
|Pirates of Galicia (Pirata.gal)||1,551||0.11||New||0||±0|
|Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL)||1,455||0.10||New||0||±0|
|Spanish Falange of the JONS (FE–JONS)||1,352||0.09||+0.05||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||1,340||0.09||+0.02||0||±0|
|For a Fairer World (PUM+J)||1,329||0.09||–0.12||0||±0|
|Corunese Union (UC)||1,172||0.08||New||0||±0|
|XXI Convergence (C.XXI)||1,072||0.07||New||0||±0|
|Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn)||489||0.03||+0.01||0||±0|
|Let us Give the Change (DeC)||432||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Social Democratic Party of Law (SDD)||412||0.03||+0.01||0||±0|
|Centre Democratic Action of Galicia (ADCG)||360||0.02||New||0||±0|
|Community Integration Party (PYC)||159||0.01||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||1,481,379||54.91||–9.52|
|Source: Argos Information Portal|
- "Law 8/1985, of 13 August, of elections to the Parliament of Galicia.".
- "The harshest adjustment of democracy" (in Spanish). El País. 2012-07-11.
- "Rajoy raises VAT 3 points, from 18% to 21%" (in Spanish). El País. 2012-07-11.
- "Feijóo forces a legal change in order to preserve his absolute majority" (in Spanish). El País. 2012-07-24.
- "Basagoiti terminates the agreement with Patxi López and calls for a snap elections in the Basque Country" (in Spanish). RTVE. 2012-05-07.
- "Feijóo brings forward the Galician election for it to coincide with the Basque election" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 2012-08-27.