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Galidesivir (BCX4430, Immucillin-A) is an antiviral drug, an adenosine analog[1] (a type of nucleoside analog).[2] It is developed by BioCryst Pharmaceuticals with funding from NIAID, originally intended as a treatment for hepatitis C, but subsequently developed as a potential treatment for deadly filovirus infections such as Ebola virus disease and Marburg virus disease.

It also shows broad-spectrum antiviral effectiveness against a range of other RNA virus families, including bunyaviruses, arenaviruses, paramyxoviruses, coronaviruses, flaviviruses and phleboviruses.[3] BCX4430 has been demonstrated to protect against both Ebola and Marburg viruses in both rodents and monkeys, even when administered up to 48 hours after infection,[1] and development for use in humans was then being fast-tracked due to concerns about the lack of treatment options for the 2013-2016 Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa.[4]

BCX4430 later showed efficacy against Zika virus in a mouse model, though there are no plans for human trials at this stage.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Warren TK, Wells J, Panchal RG, Stuthman KS, Garza NL, Van Tongeren SA, et al. (April 2014). "Protection against filovirus diseases by a novel broad-spectrum nucleoside analogue BCX4430" (PDF). Nature. 508 (7496): 402–5. Bibcode:2014Natur.508..402W. doi:10.1038/nature13027. PMID 24590073.
  2. ^ Kamat SS, Burgos ES, Raushel FM (October 2013). "Potent inhibition of the C-P lyase nucleosidase PhnI by Immucillin-A triphosphate". Biochemistry. 52 (42): 7366–8. doi:10.1021/bi4013287. PMC 3838859. PMID 24111876.
  3. ^ Westover JB, et al. Galidesivir limits Rift Valley fever virus infection and disease in Syrian golden hamsters. Antiviral Res. 2018 Aug;156:38-45. Westover, J. B.; Mathis, A.; Taylor, R.; Wandersee, L.; Bailey, K. W.; Sefing, E. J.; Hickerson, B. T.; Jung, K. H.; Sheridan, W. P.; Gowen, B. B. (2018). "Galidesivir limits Rift Valley fever virus infection and disease in Syrian golden hamsters". Antiviral Research. 156: 38–45. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.05.013. PMC 6035881. PMID 29864447.
  4. ^ Rodgers P (8 April 2014). "BioWar Lab Helping To Develop Treatment For Ebola". Forbes Magazine.
  5. ^ Julander JG, Siddharthan V, Evans J, Taylor R, Tolbert K, Apuli C, et al. (January 2017). "Efficacy of the broad-spectrum antiviral compound BCX4430 against Zika virus in cell culture and in a mouse model". Antiviral Research. 137: 14–22. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.11.003. PMC 5215849. PMID 27838352.