IWI ACE

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IWI ACE
Type Carbine
Assault rifle
Battle rifle
Place of origin Israel
Service history
In service 2008–present
Used by See Users
Wars Colombian conflict
Mexican Drug War
Production history
Designer Israel Military Industries
Manufacturer

Israel Weapon Industries
(Formerly: Israel Military Industries)
Also produced under license by:

Variants See Variants
Specifications
Cartridge
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire
  • 680-880 RPM:
    ACE 21/ACE-N 21,
    ACE 22/ACE-N 22,
    ACE 23/ACE-N 23,
    ACE 31, ACE 32
  • 620-680 RPM:
    ACE 52, ACE 53
Muzzle velocity 600 to 915 m/s (1,970 to 3,000 ft/s)
Effective firing range 300 to 500 m (330 to 550 yd)
Feed system

Detachable box magazines:

Sights Front post, rear diopter iron sights
Picatinny rail for optical sights

The IWI ACE (formerly IMI Galil ACE) is an Israeli family of rifles developed and originally manufactured by Israel Military Industries (IMI); it is currently manufactured by Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) and also produced under license by FAMAE,[1] Indumil,[2] RPC Fort[3] and Z111 Factory.[citation needed] It is produced in three calibres: 5.56×45mm NATO, 7.62×39mm, and 7.62×51mm NATO.

The ACE family is based upon the mechanism of the IMI Galil, but using a modernized design and materials to increase its accuracy and lower its weight, while maintaining the Galil's ergonomics, ease of maintenance and reliability under battle conditions.[4] Emphasis was placed in particular in increasing its reliability and accuracy under adverse or battlefield conditions.

It is the main assault rifle of the Colombian army and Colombian police, for whom it is manufactured locally under license by Indumil. In addition, it has been selected as the future standard assault rifle of the Chilean Army and the People's Army of Vietnam.

Design and Features[edit]

Weight reduction[edit]

The original Galil had weighed up to 9.6 lb (4.4 kg), depending on its variant, and this weight was criticized by the Israel Defense Forces. The heavy weight was a result of IMI having built the Galil rifle from a machined all-solid steel billet action in order to increase the structural integrity and survivability of the weapon.

The ACE has a significantly reduced weight. IWI redesigned the action to integrate the steel with polymer, which is much lighter than the fully steel receiver of the original Galil.[4] While the upper receiver is machined steel and the receiver top features a MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail, polymer has been introduced to the lower receiver of the weapon to reduce the gun's weight.[5]

Last round bolt catch[edit]

Another addition by IWI to the original Galil is the last round bolt catch, for the versions of the ACE in 5.56×45mm NATO. The bolt hold-open feature is a common request of military customers, to reduce reloading times during combat.[6]

Long-stroke piston system[edit]

The rifle uses the Galil's long-stroke piston system. The long-stroke system is found in the M1 Garand, AK-47 (upon which the Galil's internal mechanism design borrowed heavily) and more recently in the IWI Tavor.

Gas tube[edit]

The gas tube, unlike the AK-47 system, is mounted on the rifle via a dovetailed slide machined on the receiver upper-front block. This avoids any movement of the gas block influencing barrel vibration, which would degrade accuracy.[4]

Port sealing[edit]

IWI have sealed the internal mechanism of the gun, by the addition of a sliding vertical cover. As a result, the internal mechanism of the ACE is sealed and protected from the accumulation of dirt or sand.[5]

Stock[edit]

The standard buttstock found on the ACE is a six-position telescopic stock that can be fitted with an optional cheek-piece to improve the sighting of the weapon when using an optical sight. An optional right folding version of the standard buttstock is also available.

The forearm consists of MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rails on all 4 sides for mounting accessories such as aiming optics. The side forearm rails have central grooves to provide routing channels for electric wiring used by pressure switch activated accessories. The forearm comes with quick detachable polymer covering panels that can be mounted to protect the rails when a side or bottom rail has no accessories mounted to it.

Trigger[edit]

The ACE adopts the Galil Sniper trigger instead of the original Galil trigger, in order to improve accuracy compared to the standard Galil.[7] This is a two-stage trigger,[5] which IWI have modeled on the two-stage trigger of the M1 Garand.[8]

According to American Rifleman, the two-stage trigger is “clean and smooth with a 4 lb. 13 oz. [4.8 lbf, 21.4 N] trigger pull according to a Lyman digital trigger gauge.”[9]

Barrel[edit]

The barrel is chrome-lined, cold hammer-forged, with a 1:7″ twist for 5.56×45mm NATO, 1:9.5″ for 7.62×39mm and 1:12″ for 7.62×51mm NATO.

Accuracy[edit]

According to American Rifleman: “Although this rifle is clearly based on the AK design, it demonstrated a superior level of accuracy potential compared to several of its cousins. The best single group [of 5 rounds at 100 yards] of 0.83″ and five-group average of 0.98″ was produced using the Federal Premium 123-gr. [8.0 g] Power-Shok soft-point load” (testing done using 7.62×39mm 16-inch barreled variant).[9]

Variants[edit]

An example of an ACE 21 from the side (5.56×45mm NATO)
An ACE 22, produced under license by RPC Fort as Fort-227 (5.56×45mm NATO)
An ACE 32 (7.62x39mm)
An example of an ACE 52 (7.62×51mm NATO)

The ACE is available in three calibers with multiple barrel lengths for each type:[10]

Model Caliber Barrel length Length (extended) Length (retracted) Weight (unloaded) Feed system Muzzle velocity Range Rate of Fire (RPM)
ACE 21 5.56×45mm NATO 216 mm (8.5 in) 730 mm (29 in) 650 mm (26 in) 3.00 kg (6.61 lb) 35-round Galil magazine 710 m/s (2,300 ft/s) 300 m (330 yd) 680–880
ACE-N 21 5.56×45mm NATO 216 mm (8.5 in) 730 mm (29 in) 650 mm (26 in) 3.05 kg (6.7 lb) 30-round NATO magazine 710 m/s (2,300 ft/s) 300 m (330 yd) 680–880
ACE 22 5.56×45mm NATO 335 mm (13.2 in) 847 mm (33.3 in) 767 mm (30.2 in) 3.40 kg (7.5 lb) 35-round Galil magazine 850 m/s (2,800 ft/s) 680–880
ACE-N 22 5.56×45mm NATO 335 mm (13.2 in) 847 mm (33.3 in) 767 mm (30.2 in) 3.45 kg (7.6 lb) 30-round NATO magazine 850 m/s (2,800 ft/s) 680–880
ACE 23 5.56×45mm NATO 463 mm (18.2 in) 976 mm (38.4 in) 896 mm (35.3 in) 3.60 kg (7.9 lb) 35-round Galil magazine 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s) 500 m (550 yd) 680–880
ACE-N 23 5.56×45mm NATO 463 mm (18.2 in) 976 mm (38.4 in) 896 mm (35.3 in) 3.65 kg (8.0 lb) 30-round NATO magazine 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s) 500 m (550 yd) 680–880
ACE 31 7.62×39mm 216 mm (8.5 in) 730 mm (29 in) 650 mm (26 in) 3.00 kg (6.61 lb) 30-round AK magazine 600 m/s (2,000 ft/s) 680-880
ACE 32 7.62×39mm 409 mm (16.1 in) 927 mm (36.5 in) 847 mm (33.3 in) 3.50 kg (7.7 lb) 30-round AK magazine 680 m/s (2,200 ft/s) 680–880
ACE 52 7.62×51mm NATO 409 mm (16.1 in) 954 mm (37.6 in) 874 mm (34.4 in) 3.60 kg (7.9 lb) 25-round 7.62mm Galil magazine 800 m/s (2,600 ft/s) 620–680
ACE 52L 7.62×51mm NATO 457 mm (18.0 in) 992 mm (39.1 in) 912 mm (35.9 in) 3.71 kg (8.2 lb) 25-round 7.62mm Galil magazine 830 m/s (2,700 ft/s) 620–680
ACE 53 7.62×51mm NATO 511 mm (20.1 in) 1,055 mm (41.5 in) 963 mm (37.9 in) 3.8 kg (8.4 lb) 25-round 7.62mm Galil magazine 860 m/s (2,800 ft/s) 620–680

At some point,[when?] the ACE 52L was removed from production.

Users[edit]

The ACE 22 in Colombian use

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chile quita poderosa arma al Perú". 27 June 2014. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. 
  2. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Штурмовая винтовка «Форт-227»". официальный сайт НПО "Форт" (in Russian). 
  4. ^ a b c Ortenzi, Paolo (29 May 2013). "Galil Ace 5.56". Small Arms Defense Journal. Volume 5. p. 1. 
  5. ^ a b c Ortenzi, Paolo (29 May 2013). "Galil Ace 5.56". Small Arms Defense Journal. Volume 5. p. 2. 
  6. ^ Tilstra, Russell C. (21 March 2014). The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II. McFarland. p. 98. ISBN 978-0786473212. 
  7. ^ Johnson, Steve (24 August 2010). "Galil Ace Rifle". The Firearm Blog. 
  8. ^ Kokalis, Peter G. (2001). Weapons Tests and Evaluations: The Best of Soldier of Fortune. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. p. 253. ISBN 978-1581601220. 
  9. ^ a b Horman, B. Gil (19 January 2015). "IWI Galil ACE Semi-Automatic Rifle". 
  10. ^ "ACE". Israel Weapon Industries. 
  11. ^ "FIDAE: Chilean Army Selects Galil ACE as New Standard Rifle". Defense News. 26 March 2014. Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "El Ejército de Chile comienza a desplegar el nuevo fusil Galil ACE" [The Chilean Army begins to deploy the new Galil ACE rifle]. defensa.com (in Spanish). 24 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "IWI Galil ACE 5.56 mm assault rifle (Israel), Rifles". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  14. ^ Johnson, Steve (11 January 2012). "El Salvador also to buy Galil Ace". The Firearm Blog. 
  15. ^ Johnson, Steve (16 February 2011). "IWI Galil ACE rifle adopted by Guatemala National Civil Police". The Firearm Blog. 
  16. ^ Nathaniel F. (30 April 2014). "Haitian Police Spotted with Galil ACE, T65 Rifles". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  17. ^ a b Johnson, Steve (13 February 2014). "IWI Galil ACE Spotted In South Sudan and Mexico". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  18. ^ Johnson, Steve (30 November 2010). "Peru licenses the new Galil ACE rifle". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  19. ^ [2][permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Facebook". Facebook. [permanent dead link]
  21. ^ "Штурмовая винтовка «Форт-228»". официальный сайт НПО "Форт" (in Russian). 
  22. ^ "Штурмовая винтовка «Форт-229»". официальный сайт НПО "Форт" (in Russian). 
  23. ^ "Israeli IWI Galil ACE 31 and ACE 32 assault rifles to replace Russian AK-47 in the Vietnamese Army". Army Recognition. 2 February 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  24. ^ Grevatt, Jon (3 February 2014). "Israel Weapon Industries to begin assault rifle production in Vietnam". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 

External links[edit]