Galium murale

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Galium murale
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Galium
Species: G. murale
Binomial name
Galium murale
(L.) All.

Galium murale is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family known by the common names small goosegrass,[1] yellow wall bedstraw[2] and tiny bedstraw. It is native to the Mediterranean Basin of southern Europe and northern Africa, and the Middle East from Turkey and the Caucasus east to Iran and south to Saudi Arabia and Somalia. It is also considered native to the Canary Islands, Madeira and the Azores. It is naturalised in Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Chile and California.[3][4][5]

Galium murale is an annual herb producing upright stems just a few centimeters long lined with whorls of 4 to 6 oval-shaped leaves not more than about 3 millimeters long each. Flowers appear singly or in pairs in the leaf axils. Each is about a millimeter wide and greenish to greenish-yellow. The fruit is a tiny nutlet coated in hooked hairs.[6][7][8]


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ "Galium murale". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program
  5. ^ Bacigalupo, N.M., E. L. Cabral & C.M. Taylor. 2008. Rubiaceae. 107(3): 2871–2920. In F. O. Zuloaga, O. N. Morrone & M. J. Belgrano (eds.) Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur, Monographs in Systematic Botany from Missouri Botanical Garden
  6. ^ Allioni, Carlo. 1773. Auct. Syn. Meth. Stirp. Hort. Regii Taur.: 8
  7. ^ Allioni, Carlo. 1785. Flora Pedemontana 1: 8.
  8. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana

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