Galium spurium

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Galium spurium
Galium spurium ssp vaillantii.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Galium
G. spurium
Binomial name
Galium spurium

Galium vaillantii DC.

Galium spurium, the stickwilly[1] or false cleavers, is a plant species of the Rubiaceae. It is widespread across Europe, Asia, Africa and Canada, and is naturalized in Australia.[2][3][4] It is considered a noxious weed in many places.[5]

Galium spurium is an erect or reclining herb up to 50 cm tall. Stems are square in cross-section. Leaves are in whorls of 6–8, narrowly lanceolate. Flowers are in multi-flowered cymes or panicles, white or yellow-green.[6]


Many varietal and subspecific names have been proposed, but at present (May 2014) only 3 are recognized:[2]


  1. ^ Lee, Sangtae; Chang, Kae Sun, eds. (2015). English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. p. 475. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Retrieved 12 March 2019 – via Korea Forest Service. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana
  4. ^ Moss, E. H. 1983. Flora of Alberta (ed. 2) i–xii, 1–687. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
  5. ^ Wenming Zhang & K. L. Bailey. 2000. Biological Control of Cleavers (Galium spurium and G. aparine) with Pathogenic Fungi - Exploration and Discovery. Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds 4-14 July 1999, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana USA Neal R. Spencer (ed.). pp. 117-123
  6. ^ Flora of China v 19 p 136, 猪殃殃 zhu yang yang Galium spurium

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