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Galkayo is located in Somalia
Location in Somalia
Coordinates: 06°46′11″N 047°25′51″E / 6.76972°N 47.43083°E / 6.76972; 47.43083Coordinates: 06°46′11″N 047°25′51″E / 6.76972°N 47.43083°E / 6.76972; 47.43083
Country  Somalia
Regional State  Galmudug
Puntland Puntland
Region Mudug
District Galkayo
 • Mayor Mohamud Yasin Tumey
 • Deputy Mayor Farhan Abdi Gafa
Population (2005)
 • Total 137,667
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Climate BWh

Galkayo (Somali: Gaalkacyo, Arabic: جالكعيو‎‎), also known as Gallacaio or Rocca Littorio,[1] is the capital of the north-central Mudug region of Somalia.[2] According to UNHCR report "The city of Galkayo is divided into two areas". These two areas are separated by a distinct boundary, with the southern district governed by the Galmudug State and northern districts governed by Puntland[3] Neighborhoods in the northern part of the city that is under Puntland control are Garsoor, Hormar and Israac. The southern part of the city that is Galmudug control has wadajir neighborhood . [4][5]

Following independence, Galkayo was made the center of the Galkayo District. The city has grown considerably in recent times and serves as a commercial hub.[6] As of 2005, it has an estimated population of 137,667 inhabitants.[7]


Following the independence of Somalia in 1960, Gaalkacyo was made the center of Galkayo District and the capital of Mudug region.[8]



Galkayo is situated in north-central Somalia, in the heart of the Mudug region. Nearby settlements include to the east Loodabaal (7.1 nm), to the northeast Godod (16.2 nm), to the north Halobooqad (4.4 nm), to the northwest Beyra (12.8 nm), to the west Barri-Fintir (23.8 nm), to the southwest Gelgaris (8.5 nm), to the south Laascadale (10.2 nm), and to the southeast Arfuda (13.0 nm).[9][10] The largest cities in the country most proximate to Galkayo are Hobyo (217 km), Garowe (219 km) and Qardho (358 km).[11] Shimbiris, the highest peak in Somalia, is located some 432 km to the north in the Cal Madow mountain range.[12]


Galkayo has a hot arid climate (Köppen BWh). Coldest average temperatures occur during the winter months of November to February, when thermometer readings range from 23 to 25 °C (73 to 77 °F). The weather slowly heats up in the spring, as the April rainy season begins. Average temperatures later reach a maximum of around 41 °C over the summer period. Come September, a gradual fall chill starts to set in again.[13]

Climate data for Galkayo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
Average low °C (°F) 24
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
Source: AccuWeather[13]
The parameter "publisher" is not recognized by Template:Weather box


Galkayo is situated in the north-central part of Somalia, and is one of the most developed towns in the region.[14] A divided city. The town is divided into two parts, the Northern and Southern axis. The largest part is administered by the Puntland authority and Southern is governed by Galmudug Administration.[15]

Although relatively stable compared to southern Somalia,[6] sporadic targeted assassination attempts by Al-Shabaab militants against Pentland public officials led in 2010-2011 to a police crackdown and comprehensive administrative reform.[16][17] The Puntland and Galmudug administrations subsequently signed an accord in Garowe in February 2011, officially agreeing to cooperate on security, economic and social matters so as to strengthen inter-regional relations.[18]


An electronics store at a Galkayo shopping mall.

A lively trading city, Galkayo is a center for local business.[1][14] Hotels, guest houses, restaurants, supermarkets and newly erected office blocks earmarked for the government and NGOs line the streets, juxtaposed by the tall minarets of masjids. The city also offers numerous social services such as hospitals, petrol stops and police stations, with the former Somali Army barracks kept in good condition and renovated.[6]

Moreover, Galkayo is a hub of calligraphic art, serving as a training ground of sorts for local visual artists. Elaborate murals and phrases in Arabic and English adorn the walls of the city's many office and shop buildings.[6]


It has an estimated population of 137,667 inhabitants.[19] Clan tensions in the area have historically been high.[20] Puntland areas of the city such as Israac, Hormar and Garsoor neighborhoods of Galkayo is primarily inhabited by Somalis from the Madhiban and Majeerteen(Darood) clans.[21] The Leelkase are dominant in parts of Garsoor, a neighborhood of Galkayo.[22] Neighborhood of Wadajir in Galmudug area of the city is mainly inhabited by the Sa'ad Habar Gidir, a Hawiye clan.[20][23]


Galkayo has a number of academic institutions. The city if home to Mudug University in Galmudug[24] and There are 40 primary and secondary schools in the Galkayo District. Among these are the SYL school in Wadajir; Al-Qudus in Horumar; and Barkhadle in Garsoor, built in honour of the 13th century scholar and saint Yusuf bin Ahmad al-Kawneyn (Aw Barkhadle).[25] Secondary schools in the area include SYL, Abdullahi Issa, Omar Samatar and Galkayo High.[26] In addition, several new schools were opened in 2012.[27]


Galkayo is home to Abdullahi Isse Stadium, a sporting facility which is named in memory of Abdullahi Issa, the first Prime Minister of Somalia. The stadium hosts to many local football clubs including FC YAMAYS, RPS FC, Dowladda Hoose FC, Homboboro FC, Telecom FC and Galcom FC.[28] In addition, the city has various courts set aside for basketball. It soccer fields and volleyball.


Air transportation in Galacyo is served by the Oshaka International Aiport in Galmudug[29] and by the Abdullahi Yusuf International Airport, which was previously known as the Galkayo Airport.[30] These airports offers flights to Bosaso, Mogadishu, Djibouti and Wajir, among other destinations.[6]

In September 2013, the Somali federal government signed an official cooperation agreement with its Chinese counterpart in Mogadishu as part of a five-year national recovery plan. The pact will see the Chinese authorities reconstruct several major infrastructural landmarks in the Somali capital and elsewhere, as well as the road linking Galkayo with Burao.[31]


Various media organizations are based in Galkayo. These include Radio Daljir, Radio Galmudug and Radio Codka-Mudug. Radio Gaalkacyo, formerly known as Radio Free Somalia, also broadcasts from the city.[32]


Several establishments in Galkayo offer accommodation. Among these hotels and guest houses are the Mecca Hotel, the Five Star Hotel and the Embassy Hotel.


Galkayo consists of the following districts:

  • Horumar
  • Wadajir
  • Garsoor
  • Israac

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dr Badal Kariye Ba Bsit Ma Mba & Phd, The Kaleidoscopic Lover: The Civil War in the Horn of Africa & My Itinerary for a Peaceful Lover, (AuthorHouse: 2010), p.116.
  2. ^ Kurian (1983:428)
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d e Abdul Latif Dahir, Suleiman Abdullahi (3 April 2011). "Galkayo: A peaceful island in Somalia". Africa Review. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  7. ^ ""Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  8. ^ Somalia. Ministry of Information. Public Relations Section (1965). Somalia: A Divided Nation Seeking Reunification. Public Relations Service, Ministry of Information. p. 11. 
  9. ^ "Gaalkacyo, Somalia". Falling Rain. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "Barri-Fintir, Somalia". Falling Rain. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "Gaalkacyo, Somalia". Weather-Forecast. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "Gaalkacyo". Weather-Forecast. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "Gaalkacyo, Somalia - Weather". AccuWeather. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "Galkayo". Jubba Airways. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "". Horseedmedia.  External link in |title= (help);
  16. ^ "Retired Puntland official killed in Galka'yo; calm returns in northern Somalia after clash". All Headline News. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Ahmed, Abdalle (21 April 2011). "SOMALIA: Puntland President fires Mudug governor, dissolves Galkaio district council". Raxanreeb. Archived from the original on March 30, 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  18. ^ An Agreement Jointly Signed by Puntland and Galmudug
  19. ^ ""Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  20. ^ a b "Clan fighting in central Somalia kills 20". International Pathfinder Solutions. 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ "Was the Battle for Galkayo a Clan Dispute or a Victory for Puntland Over Al-Shabaab?". Jamestown Foundation. 2011-09-15. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ "Mudug University". PlacementIndia. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Puntland - Primary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Puntland - Secondary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Somalia: New schools and businesses open in Galkayo". Garowe Online. 10 July 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  28. ^ "Huge Demos in Central Regions Welcomed Galmudug Elections". Somali Update. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  29. ^ Assad, M. Gacal. "All Mudug Airports". Caasimada Online. Caasimada. 
  30. ^ "Somalia: Col. Abdullahi Yusuf laid to rest". Garowe Online. 25 March 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  31. ^ "Somalia: Gov't, China Officially Sign Cooperation Agreement". Dalsan Radio. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  32. ^ Life & Peace Institute. "Galkayo". Horn of Africa Bulletin. 8 (1-6): 2. 



External links[edit]