Gallia County, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gallia County, Ohio
Gallia County Courthouse, 1985 edition.jpg
Courthouse in Gallipolis
Seal of Gallia County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Gallia County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 25, 1803[1]
Named for the Latin name for France
Seat Gallipolis
Largest village Gallipolis
Area
 • Total 471 sq mi (1,220 km2)
 • Land 467 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010) 30,934
 • Density 66/sq mi (25/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.gallianet.net

Gallia County (pronunciation: GAL-yuh) is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 30,934.[2] Its county seat is Gallipolis.[3] Its name is the Latin word for "France." Gallia County is also known by nickname "Little Cardiganshire".[4]

Gallia County is part of the Point Pleasant, WV-OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Gallia County was formed on March 25, 1803 from portions of Adams and Washington counties. Gallia County was originally settled by the French who gave the county the Latin name for "France."[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 471 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 467 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (1.0%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 4,181
1820 7,098 69.8%
1830 9,733 37.1%
1840 13,444 38.1%
1850 17,063 26.9%
1860 22,043 29.2%
1870 25,545 15.9%
1880 28,124 10.1%
1890 27,005 −4.0%
1900 27,918 3.4%
1910 25,745 −7.8%
1920 23,311 −9.5%
1930 23,050 −1.1%
1940 24,930 8.2%
1950 24,910 −0.1%
1960 26,120 4.9%
1970 25,239 −3.4%
1980 30,098 19.3%
1990 30,954 2.8%
2000 31,069 0.4%
2010 30,934 −0.4%
Est. 2016 30,015 [7] −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 31,069 people, 12,060 households, and 8,586 families residing in the county. The population density was 66 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 13,498 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.26% White, 2.70% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,060 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,191, and the median income for a family was $35,938. Males had a median income of $31,783 versus $22,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,183. About 13.50% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.20% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,934 people, 12,062 households, and 8,264 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 66.3 inhabitants per square mile (25.6/km2). There were 13,925 housing units at an average density of 29.8 per square mile (11.5/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 94.7% white, 2.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 18.6% were American, 15.9% were German, 15.6% were Irish, and 8.0% were English.[15]

Of the 12,062 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99. The median age was 39.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,409 and the median income for a family was $46,470. Males had a median income of $39,301 versus $30,068 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,199. About 15.8% of families and 21.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Owing to its origin as a settlement of the Yankee Ohio Company, Gallia County has been a Republican stronghold ever since that party was formed. Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide is the solitary Democrat to win a majority of the county’s vote, although Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1996.

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 75.5% 9,822 20.2% 2,628 4.3% 554
2012 61.4% 7,750 36.1% 4,557 2.5% 315
2008 61.7% 8,247 35.7% 4,777 2.6% 347
2004 61.3% 8,576 38.4% 5,366 0.4% 51
2000 58.8% 7,511 38.1% 4,872 3.1% 393
1996 41.2% 5,135 43.2% 5,386 15.6% 1,945
1992 42.0% 5,776 38.9% 5,350 19.0% 2,612
1988 59.9% 7,399 39.1% 4,834 0.9% 116
1984 65.3% 8,194 33.9% 4,251 0.9% 109
1980 56.7% 6,469 38.6% 4,406 4.6% 529
1976 50.4% 5,198 48.2% 4,971 1.4% 148
1972 72.4% 6,506 26.1% 2,341 1.6% 139
1968 58.1% 5,134 30.1% 2,660 11.8% 1,042
1964 48.2% 4,408 51.8% 4,740
1960 68.5% 7,602 31.5% 3,498
1956 71.0% 7,040 29.0% 2,877
1952 68.2% 6,763 31.8% 3,153
1948 62.4% 5,743 37.3% 3,430 0.4% 34
1944 68.5% 6,464 31.5% 2,968
1940 64.9% 7,285 35.1% 3,943
1936 59.4% 6,700 40.3% 4,548 0.2% 27
1932 56.5% 5,646 41.9% 4,190 1.7% 166
1928 73.4% 5,513 25.5% 1,916 1.1% 80
1924 61.2% 4,325 32.3% 2,284 6.5% 457
1920 67.4% 5,388 32.1% 2,562 0.6% 44
1916 54.7% 2,860 43.6% 2,277 1.7% 91
1912 25.2% 1,355 32.9% 1,765 41.9% 2,250
1908 63.5% 3,914 35.2% 2,171 1.3% 81
1904 67.5% 3,880 30.3% 1,742 2.2% 125
1900
1896 63.7% 4,247 35.5% 2,369 0.8% 55
1892 62.0% 3,547 34.7% 1,984 3.3% 191
1888 61.3% 3,651 37.2% 2,216 1.4% 86
1884 60.7% 3,690 38.4% 2,333 1.0% 59
1880 59.9% 3,488 39.7% 2,310 0.4% 23
1876 58.1% 3,202 41.8% 2,302 0.2% 10
1872 64.4% 2,855 35.0% 1,553 0.6% 25

Communities[edit]

Map of Gallia County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Gallia County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ http://ohio.llgc.org.uk/co-jacksongallia.php
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°50′N 82°19′W / 38.83°N 82.32°W / 38.83; -82.32