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Australien2010 0547 LuzonBleedingHeart.jpg
Luzon bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamily: Columbinae
Genus: Gallicolumba
Heck, 1849[1]
7 living species

Phlegoenas Reichenbach, 1852

Gallicolumba is a mid-sized genus of ground-dwelling doves (family Columbidae) which occur in rainforests on the Philippines, Indonesia, and in the Pacific region. They are not closely related to the American ground doves (genus Columbina). Rather, the present genus is closest to the thick-billed ground dove.

This genus includes the bleeding-hearts known from the Philippines. Most are named for their vivid-red patch on the breast, which looks startlingly like a bleeding wound in some species and has reminded naturalists of a dagger stab. The diet of doves of this genus consists of fruits and seed.

Systematics and extinctions[edit]

Gallicolumba might be ranked as a (very small) subfamily, but the available data suggests that they are better considered part of a quite basal radiation of Columbidae which consists of many small and often bizarre lineages (e.g. Goura and Otidiphaps which are ecologically convergent to Galliformes, and maybe even the famous didines (Raphinae).


Many of the Pacific ground doves were removed from Gallicolumba (which was non-monophyletic) and reassigned to genus Alopecoenas:[2]


  1. ^ Johann Georg Heck: Bilder-Atlas zum Conversations-Lexikon. Verlag Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1849.
  2. ^ [1] Jønsson, Irestedt, Bowie, Christidis & Fjeldså (2011). Systematics and biogeography of Indo-Pacific ground-doves
  • Gibbs, David; Barnes, Eustace & Cox, John (2001): Pigeons and Doves. Pica Press, The Banks, ISBN 1-873403-60-7
  • Steadman, David William (2006): Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-77142-3
  • del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A. & Sargatal, J. (editors). (1997). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 84-87334-22-9

External links[edit]

Media related to Gallicolumba at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Gallicolumba at Wikispecies