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|Luzon bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica|
|7 living species|
Phlegoenas Reichenbach, 1852
Gallicolumba is a mid-sized genus of ground-dwelling doves (family Columbidae) which occur in rainforests on the Philippines, Indonesia, and in the Pacific region. They are not closely related to the American ground doves (genus Columbina). Rather, the present genus is closest to the thick-billed ground dove.
This genus includes the bleeding-hearts known from the Philippines. Most are named for their vivid-red patch on the breast, which looks startlingly like a bleeding wound in some species and has reminded naturalists of a dagger stab. The diet of doves of this genus consists of fruits and seed.
Systematics and extinctions
Gallicolumba might be ranked as a (very small) subfamily, but the available data suggests that they are better considered part of a quite basal radiation of Columbidae which consists of many small and often bizarre lineages (e.g. Goura and Otidiphaps which are ecologically convergent to Galliformes, and maybe even the famous didines (Raphinae).
- Luzon bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica
- Catanduanes bleeding heart, Gallicolumba luzonica rubiventris - possibly extinct (late 20th century?)
- Mindanao bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba crinigera
- Basilan bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba crinigera bartletti - possibly extinct (mid-20th century?)
- Mindoro bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba platenae
- Negros bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba keayi
- Sulu bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba menagei - possibly extinct (late 1990s?)
- Cinnamon ground dove, Gallicolumba rufigula
- Sulawesi ground dove, Gallicolumba tristigmata
- Johann Georg Heck: Bilder-Atlas zum Conversations-Lexikon. Verlag Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1849.
-  Jønsson, Irestedt, Bowie, Christidis & Fjeldså (2011). Systematics and biogeography of Indo-Pacific ground-doves
- Gibbs, David; Barnes, Eustace & Cox, John (2001): Pigeons and Doves. Pica Press, The Banks, ISBN 1-873403-60-7
- Steadman, David William (2006): Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-77142-3
- del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A. & Sargatal, J. (editors). (1997). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 84-87334-22-9