Norfolk ground dove

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Norfolk ground dove
Gallicolumba norfolciensis.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Alopecoenas
Species: A. norfolkensis
Binomial name
Alopecoenas norfolkensis
Forshaw, 2015

Gallicolumba norfolkensis

The Norfolk ground dove (Alopecoenas norfolkensis) was a species of bird in the Columbidae, or pigeon family.

It was endemic to Norfolk Island, but became extinct due to introduced predators, disappearing within a few decades after European settlement in the late 18th century.

There are no preserved specimens of the Norfolk ground dove and the majority of unambiguous information about the species comes from the single illustration made by John Hunter for the book Collection of 100 original watercolours of Birds, Flowers, Fishes and Natives done during 1788–1790 in New South Wales, pl. no 89, with a description "Dove. Norflok Island".[1] In the past the scientific name Columba norfolciensis Latham (1801) was used to refer to this species; however, the name was also used to refer to the common emerald dove and the white-headed pigeon, and it cannot be confirmed that Latham's original description of Columba norfolciensis refers to the species illustrated by Hunter.[1] The name Columba norfolciensis was suppressed by ICZN in 2010.[2] Joseph Forshaw (2015) introduced a new scientific name for the Norfolk ground dove, Alopecoenas norfolkensis.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Joseph Michael Forshaw (2015). Pigeons and doves in Australia. CSIRO Publishing. pp. 84–85. ISBN 9780643096332. 
  2. ^ International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2010). "OPINION 2251 (Case 3442) Columba norfolciensis Latham, 1801 (Aves, COLUMBIDAE): name suppressed". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. 67 (2): 192–193.