Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes French and the languages of northern Italy. [2 ] [3 ] Based on [4 ] mutual intelligibility, David Dalby counts seven languages: Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal (Arpitan), Romansh, Ladin, Friulian, and Lombard. [5 ]
Classification [ edit ]
The Gallo-Romance group includes:
The Gallo-Romance group can include:
Occitano-Romance can be classified as Gallo-Romance,
Iberian Romance, or as a branch of the Western Romance languages.
Traditional geographical extension [ edit ]
Historically, various Gallo-Romance languages were spoken in the North of
France, parts of Flanders, Alsace and part of Lorraine; the Wallonia region of Belgium, the Channel Islands, Switzerland, and northern Italy.
Today, a single Gallo-Romance language (
French) dominates much of this geographic region (including the formerly non-Romance areas of France), and has also spread overseas.
General characteristics [ edit ]
Romance languages article for a description of the characteristics of Gallo-Romance.
References [ edit ]
^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Northwestern Shifted Romance". . Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Glottolog
^ Charles Camproux, Les langues romanes, PUF 1974. p. 77–78.
^ Pierre Bec, La langue occitane, éditions PUF, Paris, 1963. p. 49–50.
^ G.B. Pellegrini, "Il cisalpino ed il retoromanzo, 1993". See also "The Dialects of Italy, edited by Maiden & Parry, 1997
^ David Dalby, 1999/2000, The Linguasphere register of the world’s languages and speech communities. Observatoire Linguistique, Linguasphere Press. Volume 2. Oxford.