Galong, New South Wales
New South Wales
McMahon Street in Galong
|Population||338 (2011 census)|
Galong is a village in New South Wales, Australia, in Hilltops Council. At the 2011 census, the Galong State Suburb (an Australian Bureau of Statistics statistical area), that includes the village, had a population of 338.
The major industry in the town is the limestone open-cut mine. The Galong deposit was first mined in 1885 with significant mining activity in the 1920s producing burnt lime or quicklime, which is used in the production of cement. The mine re-opened in the 1960s and again in 1994. In 2001, the lease was altered to extend the mineable area of land from 16 to 160 hectares (40 to 395 acres); resources of 20 million tonnes of limestone have been defined within the proposed limit of mining. In 2003, the mine was acquired by Boral. It now produces lime for agricultural lime used for farming canola and grains; agricultural lime is used for remediating soil acidity, a major problem threatening the productivity and sustainability of agriculture in many parts of the state. It produces approximately 300,000 tons per year, about one quarter of the requirements for the state of New South Wales. Apart from agricultural purposes, a major consumer of lime from Galong is the Port Kembla steel works. A kiln was built at the mine in 2003/04 to allow the production of quicklime for use in cement. The mine employs about 19 people.
Squatter and former Irish convict 'Ned' Ryan took up land in the area around 1830 and built Galong House.
Galong Post Office opened on 15 April 1888.
St Clement's monastery was opened by the Redemptorists order of priests in 1918 and major additions opened in 1954. It educated some 2000 men before it closed in 1975. One student was commentator Greg Sheridan. It is now a retreat centre run by the Redemptorists and the Sisters of St Joseph, Goulburn.
The population of Galong increased dramatically from 122 in the 2006 Census to 338 in the 2011 Census.
Many recollections of the town are available in the Galong Oral History Project
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Galong (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "2901.0 - Census Dictionary, 2011 Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS)". www.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- M. Barrett, 'The Very Dawn of Settlement': as surveyed from Galong Cemetery (M. Barrett, Kogarah, 2006).
- "Limestone lease extended". ferret.com.au. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
- "Galong limestone mining". Hansard. New South Wales Legislative Assembly. 16 March 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
- "Berrima cement and Galong lime upgrades officially opened" (PDF). Boral. March 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 September 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
- Shamrock in the Bush: History; M. Barrett, King of Galong Castle: The story of Ned Ryan, 1786-1871 (3rd ed, Engineers Media, Crows Nest, 2008).
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- International significance seen in Galong Redemptorist College, Boorowa News 24 Sep 1954.
- "St Clement's Retreat and Conference Centre". Redemptorists. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- P. Craven, Greg Sheridan's memoir recalls Abbott, Carr early days, The Australian 1 Aug 2015.
- "St Clement's Retreat Centre". St Clement's. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
Media related to Galong, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons