|Occupation||pastor, theologian, university president|
He was born at Bergen, New York, and was educated at the University of Rochester and the Rochester (Baptist) Theological Seminary. His ministry began as pastor of the Baptist Church in Janesville, Wisconsin. After two years, he moved to St. Louis to be the pastor of Second Baptist Church. His account of the Civil War in St. Louis, The Story of a Border City during the Civil War, is considered accurate, vivid, and balanced, even though Anderson was an ardent abolitionist and supporter of the Union. Published in 1908, the account covers the entire duration of the war. "He became distinguished as a preacher of the Baptist denomination, and was called in 1866 from his Church in St. Louis to the professorship of homiletics, Church polity, and pastoral duties, in Newton theological institute." He held several other pastorates, became president successively of the Old University of Chicago (1878–85) and Denison University (1887–90), professor of practical theology at Chicago in 1892-1903, when he became emeritus professor.
Following his retirement in 1904, Anderson devoted much of his time to writing. His writings include:
- The Elements of Chrysostom's Power as a Preacher (1903)
- Ancient Sermons for modern Times, a translation from Asterius (1904)
- The Story of a Border City during the Civil War (1908)
- When Neighbors Were Neighbors, a Story of Love and Life in Olden Days (1911)
- Dictionary of Missouri Biography. University of Missouri Press. 1999. pp. 9–10.
- Biography, from Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans
- Full-text biography, written by Anderson's son Frederick (1933)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
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