Galveston-class cruiser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Galveston class cruiser)
Jump to: navigation, search
USS Oklahoma City (CLG-5) underway 1974.jpg
USS Oklahoma City
Class overview
Operators:  United States Navy
Preceded by: Boston-class cruiser
Succeeded by: Providence-class cruiser
Completed: 3
Retired: 3
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Type: Galveston class guided missile cruiser
Displacement: 15,205 tons
Length: 610 ft (185.9 m)
Beam: 66 ft (20.1 m)
Draft: 25 ft (7.6 m)
Propulsion: 4 × 634 psi boilers, steam turbines, 4 shafts
Speed: 32.5 knots (60.2 km/h; 37.4 mph)
Complement: 1,395 officers and enlisted
Armament:

Originally built as Cleveland-class light cruisers (CL) in the United States Navy during World War II, in 1957 three ships were re-designated as Galveston-class guided missile light cruisers (CLG) and fitted with the Talos long-range surface-to-air missile system. During the two year refit, the aft superstructure was completely replaced and all aft guns were removed to make room for the twin-arm Talos launcher and a 46-missile storage magazine. Three large masts were also installed in order to hold a variety of radars, missile guidance, and communications systems. Little Rock and Oklahoma City were simultaneously converted into fleet flagships, which involved removing two forward dual 5-inch (127 mm) and one triple 6-inch (152 mm) turrets, and replacing them with a massively rebuilt and expanded forward superstructure. Galveston, in the non-flagship configuration, retained the Cleveland-class's standard forward weapons: three dual 5-inch (127 mm) and two triple 6-inch (152 mm) turrets.

A similar pattern was followed in converting three other Cleveland-class ships (Providence, Springfield, and Topeka) to operate the Terrier surface-to-air missile system, creating the Providence class. Providence and Springfield were outfitted as fleet flagships, but Topeka was not.

Like the Providence class cruisers, the Galveston class ships suffered from serious stability problems caused by the topweight of the missile system. Indeed, the Galveston class ships were more affected by heavy Talos missile system than the Terrier equipped ships. Weight reduction measures and the use of ballast were necessary to improve stability. The cruisers, particularly Galveston, also suffered from hogging of the hull.

All three Galveston-class ships were decommissioned to the reserve fleet between 1970 and 1979. In the 1975 cruiser realignment, Little Rock and Oklahoma City were reclassified as guided missile cruisers (CG). The ships were stricken from the Naval Vessel Register between 1973 and 1979. Galveston was scrapped in the mid-1970s, Oklahoma City was sunk as a target in 1999, and Little Rock is a museum ship in Buffalo, NY.

Ships in class[edit]

Ship Name Hull No. Converted at Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
Galveston CLG-3 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 20 February 1944 22 April 1945 28 May 1958 May 1970 Sold for scrap, 16 May 1975
Little Rock CLG-4 New York Shipbuilding Corporation 6 March 1943 27 August 1944 3 June 1960 22 November 1976 Museum ship, Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park, Buffalo, New York
Oklahoma City CLG-5 Bethlehem Steel, San Francisco 8 December 1942 20 February 1944 7 September 1960 15 December 1979 Sunk as target by Republic of Korea Submarine Lee Chun (SS 062), 25 March 1999

External links[edit]