Galway Borough (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Galway Borough
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011918
Replaced by South Galway

Galway Borough was a United Kingdom Parliament constituency, in Ireland. It returned one MP 1801–1832, two MPs 1832–1885 and one thereafter. It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency was the Parliamentary borough of Galway in County Galway.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1801)
Year Member
1801 St. George Daly
1801 John Ponsonby
1802 Denis Bowes Daly
1805 James Daly
1811 Frederick Ponsonby
1813 Valentine Blake
1820 Michael Prendergast
1826 James O'Hara
1831 John Bodkin
  • Representation increased to two seats (1832)
Year First member Second member
1832 Andrew Henry Lynch Lachlan MacLachlan[1]
1833 Martin Joseph Blake
1841 Sir Valentine Blake, Bt
1847 James Henry Monahan
1847 Anthony O'Flaherty
1857 Ulick de Burgh
1859 John Orrell Lever
1865 Sir Rowland Blennerhassett, Bt Michael Morris
1867 George Morris
1868 William St Lawrence
1874 Frank Hugh O'Donnell George Morris
1874 Michael Francis Ward
1880 T. P. O'Connor John Orrell Lever
  • Representation reduced to one seat (1885)
Election Member Party
1885 T. P. O'Connor Irish Parliamentary Party
1886 William O'Shea Irish Nationalist
1886 John Pinkerton Irish Parliamentary Party
18901 Irish National Federation (Anti-Parnellite)
1900 Martin Morris Conservative
1901 Arthur Lynch[2] Irish Parliamentary Party
1903 Charles Ramsay Devlin Irish Parliamentary Party
1906 Stephen Gwynn Irish Parliamentary Party
1918 Constituency abolished

1There was no election but the IPP split into two factions, and Pinkerton joined the faction opposing Parnell.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865 :Galway Borough (2 seats) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Morris 883 47.3
Liberal Rowland Blennerhassett 672 36.0
Conservative John Orrell Lever 291 15.6
Independent Liberal Nicholas Stubber 22 1.2
Majority 381 20.4 N/A
Turnout 1,080 (est) 91.4 (est)
Registered electors 1,182
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Morris was appointed Solicitor-General for Ireland, requiring a by-election.

Galway Borough by-election, 1866 (1 seat) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Morris 756 81.5 −1.8
Independent Liberal Nicholas Stubber 172 18.5 +17.3
Majority 584 62.9 +42.5
Turnout 928 78.6 −12.8
Registered electors 1,180
Liberal hold Swing −9.6

Morris was appointed Attorney-General for Ireland, requiring a by-election.

Galway Borough by-election, February 1867 (1 seat) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Michael Morris Unopposed
Liberal hold

Morris resigned after being appointed a judge of the Court of Common Pleas.

Galway Borough by-election, April 1867 (1 seat) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Morris Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1868 :Galway Borough (2 seats) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William St Lawrence 826 36.3 −11.0
Liberal Rowland Blennerhassett 804 35.3 −0.7
Liberal Martin Francis O'Flaherty 432 19.0 N/A
Conservative James O'Hare 213 9.4 −6.2
Majority 372 16.4 −4.0
Turnout 1,244 (est) 90.1 (est) −1.3
Registered electors 1,381
Liberal hold Swing −4.0
Liberal hold Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874 :Galway Borough (2 seats) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule George Morris 761 42.9 N/A
Home Rule William St Lawrence 604 34.0 −2.3
Home Rule Frank Hugh O'Donnell 409 23.1 N/A
Majority 195 11.0 N/A
Turnout 887 (est) 61.4 (est) −28.7
Registered electors 1,444
Home Rule gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Home Rule gain from Liberal Swing N/A

St Lawrence succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Howth.

Galway Borough by-election, March 1874 (2 seats) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Frank Hugh O'Donnell 579 61.8 N/A
Liberal Pierce Joyce 358 38.2 N/A
Majority 221 23.6 +12.6
Turnout 937 64.9 +3.5
Registered electors 1,444
Home Rule hold Swing N/A

On petition, O'Donnell was unseatead.

Galway Borough by-election, June 1874 (2 seats) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Michael Francis Ward 726 71.6 N/A
Liberal James Henry Monahan 288 28.4 N/A
Majority 438 43.2 +32.2
Turnout 1,014 70.2 +8.8
Registered electors 1,444
Home Rule hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880 :Galway Borough (2 seats) [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule John Orrell Lever 501 34.1 N/A
Home Rule (Parnellite) T. P. O'Connor 487 33.2 N/A
Home Rule Hugh Tarpey 481 32.7 N/A
Majority 6 0.4 −10.6
Turnout 988 (est) 78.4 (est) +17.0
Registered electors 1,261
Home Rule hold Swing N/A
Home Rule hold Swing N/A
General Election 1885 :Galway Borough[4][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary T. P. O'Connor 1,335 89.1 N/A
Irish Loyal and Patriotic Union Thomas George Palmer Hallett 164 10.9 N/A
Majority 1,171 78.1 N/A
Turnout 1,499 66.2 −12.2 (est)
Registered electors 2,265
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A

O'Connor is also elected for Liverpool Scotland and opts to sit there, prompting a by-election.

Galway Borough by-election, 1886[4][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William O'Shea 942 94.6 N/A
Irish Parliamentary Michael Aloysius Lynch 54 5.4 N/A
Majority 888 89.2 +8.9
Turnout 996 66.2 −22.2
Registered electors 2,265
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A
General Election 1886 :Galway Borough[4][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary John Pinkerton Unopposed
Registered electors 2,265
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892 :Galway Borough[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation John Pinkerton 644 52.1 N/A
Irish National League Arthur Lynch 593 47.9 N/A
Majority 51 4.1 N/A
Turnout 1,237 64.8 N/A
Registered electors 1,909
Irish National Federation gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A
General Election 1895 :Galway Borough[4][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation John Pinkerton 596 40.9 −11.2
Irish National League Edmund Leamy 465 31.9 −16.0
Irish Unionist Martin Morris 395 27.1 N/A
Majority 131 9.0 +4.9
Turnout 1,456 82.8 +18.0
Registered electors 1,759
Irish National Federation hold Swing +2.4

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900 :Galway Borough[4][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Martin Morris 882 53.6 +26.5
Irish Parliamentary Edmund Leamy 763 46.4 −26.4[n 1]
Majority 119 7.0 N/A
Turnout 1,645 74.5 −8.3
Registered electors 2,209
Irish Unionist gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing +26.5
  1. ^ Calculated from the combined INF and INL votes in 1895

Morris is elevated to the peerage as Lord Killanin, prompting a by-election.

Galway Borough by-election, 1901[5][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Arthur Lynch 1,247 72.5 +26.1
Irish Unionist Horace Plunkett 472 27.5 −26.1
Majority 775 45.1 N/A
Turnout 1,719 79.4 +4.9
Registered electors 2,166
Irish Parliamentary gain from Irish Unionist Swing +26.1

Lynch is adjudged guilty of high treason, prompting a by-election.

Galway Borough by-election, 1903[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Charles Ramsay Devlin Unopposed
Registered electors 2,347
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election 1906 :Galway Borough[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Charles Ramsay Devlin Unopposed
Registered electors 2,202
Irish Parliamentary hold

Devlin resigns, causing a by-election.

Galway Borough by-election, 1906[5][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Stephen Gwynn 983 63.7 N/A
Independent Nationalist John Shawe-Taylor 559 36.3 N/A
Majority 424 27.5 N/A
Turnout 1,542 70.0 N/A
Registered electors 2,202
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910 :Galway Borough[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Stephen Gwynn Unopposed
Registered electors 2,306
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election December 1910 :Galway Borough[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Stephen Gwynn 1,062 84.0 N/A
Independent Unionist James Leslie Wanklyn 203 16.0 N/A
Majority 859 68.0 N/A
Turnout 1,265 54.9 N/A
Registered electors 2,306
Irish Parliamentary hold

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1832:On petition, Lachlan MacLachlan was unseated and Martin Joseph Blake declared elected (Walker, page 52)
  2. ^ "No. 27382". The London Gazette. 3 December 1901. p. 8559. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Election intelligence". The Times (36555). London. 9 September 1901. p. 10. 
  5. ^ a b "Galway Borough Election". Nottingham Evening Post. 5 November 1906. Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 

References[edit]