Galway County (UK Parliament constituency)

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Galway County
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Number of members Two
Replaced by Galway Connemara, East Galway, North Galway and South Galway

The UK Parliament constituency of County Galway was an historic Irish constituency, comprised the whole of County Galway, except for the Borough of Galway. It replaced the pre-Act of Union Parliament of Ireland constituency. Its representatives sat in the British House of Commons.

It returned two Members of Parliament.

The constituency was abolished in 1885 and replaced by smaller constituencies in the county.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1801)
First member First party Year Second member Second party
Richard Trench[notes 1]   Tory 1801 Richard Martin[notes 1]   Ind. Conservative
1802
1805 Denis Bowes Daly   Whig
1806
1807
James Daly   Tory 1812
1818 Richard Martin   Ind. Conservative[notes 2]
1820
1826
1827 James Staunton Lambert   Whig
Sir John Burke   Whig 1830
1831
Thomas Barnwall Martin   Whig 1832 James Daly   Tory
1835 John James Bodkin   Whig
1837
1841
Thomas Burke   Irish Repeal 1847 Christopher St George   Conservative
  Independent Liberal 1852 Thomas Bellew   Independent Liberal
1857 William Henry Gregory   Liberal Conservative
1859
Lord Dunkellin   Liberal 1865
Viscount Burke   Liberal 1867
1868
Mitchell Henry   Home Rule 1871
1872 John Philip Nolan[notes 3]   Irish Parliamentary
William Le Poer Trench[notes 3]   Irish Conservative
1874 John Philip Nolan[notes 4]   Irish Parliamentary
1880

As a result of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the constituency was abolished at the 1885 general election and replaced by 4 single-member constituencies:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b MPs in the First Parliament of the United Kingdom were co-opted from the Parliament of Ireland, where both MPs had previously represented Galway County.
  2. ^ Richard Martin stood as an independent but generally supported and voted with the Tory government of Lord Liverpool.
  3. ^ a b The 1872 by-election was contested at an election petition, with the IPP candidate John Philip Nolan being unseated after allegations of treating, in favour of the Conservative candidate William Le Poer Trench.
  4. ^ John Philip Nolan continued to sit at Westminster until 1895, as IPP MP for Galway North.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1859: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal Sir Thomas Burke 2,536 N/A
Liberal William Henry Gregory 2,435 N/A
Lord Dunlo 1,496 N/A
Registered electors
Independent Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ulick de Burgh Unopposed
Liberal William Henry Gregory Unopposed
Registered electors 5,516
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

de Burgh's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 12 September 1867: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hubert de Burgh-Canning Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1868: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hubert de Burgh-Canning Unopposed
Liberal William Henry Gregory Unopposed
Registered electors 5,387
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

de Burgh-Canning resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 21 Feb 1871: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Mitchell Henry Unopposed
Home Rule gain from Liberal

Gregory was appointed Governor of Ceylon, causing a by-election.

By-election, 8 Feb 1872: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule John Philip Nolan 2,823 81.1 N/A
Conservative William Le Poer Trench 658 18.9 N/A
Majority 2,165 62.2 N/A
Turnout 3,481 64.5 N/A
Registered electors 5,400
Home Rule gain from Liberal
  • On 13 June 1872, on petition, Nolan was unseated due to "undue influence exerted by the Roman Catholic clergy", and Trench was declared elected.[2]
General Election 1874: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule John Philip Nolan 2,348 41.2 N/A
Home Rule Mitchell Henry 2,270 39.8 N/A
Home Rule Hyacinth D'Arcy 1,080 19.0 N/A
Majority 1,190 20.9 N/A
Turnout 2,849 (est) 56.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 5,044
Home Rule gain from Liberal
Home Rule gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Galway County[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule John Philip Nolan Unopposed
Home Rule Mitchell Henry Unopposed
Registered electors 4,902
Home Rule hold
Home Rule hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127. 
  2. ^ "Galway". Carlisle Patriot. 31 May 1872. p. 7. Retrieved 30 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).