Gambierdiscus toxicus

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Gambierdiscus toxicus
Gambierdiscus toxicus NOAA.png
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): SAR
(unranked): Alveolata
Phylum: Dinoflagellata
Class: Dinophyceae
Order: Gonyaulacales
Family: Goniodomataceae
Genus: Gambierdiscus
Species: Gambierdiscus toxicus

Gambierdiscus toxicus is a species of dinoflagellates that can cause ciguatera.[1] and is known to produce several polyether marine toxins, including ciguatoxin, maitotoxin, gambieric acid, and gambierol.[2][3] The species was discovered attached to the surface of brown macroalgae in the Gambier Islands, French Polynesia.[2]


  1. ^ "Cook Islands Biodiversity : Gambierdiscus toxicus - Ciguatera Dinoflagellate". Retrieved 2012-06-08.
  2. ^ a b Faust, MA and Gulledge (2002). "Identifying Harmful Marine Dynoflagellates". 42: 1–144.
  3. ^ Cuypers, E.; Abdel-Mottaleb, Y.; Kopljar, I.; Raes, A. L.; Snyders, D. J.; Tytgat, J (2008). "Gambierol, a toxin produced by the dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus, is a potent blocker of voltage-gated potassium". Toxicon. 51 (6): 974–983. doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.01.004. PMC 2597072. PMID 18313714.

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