Gambir railway station

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Gambir Station
Stasiun Gambir
Gambir Station Jakarta.JPG
Gambir station main entrance
LocationJalan Medan Merdeka Timur no. 1
Central Jakarta
Indonesia
Owned byPT Kereta Api Indonesia
Operated byDaerah Operasi I Jakarta
Platforms2 island platform
Tracks4
Construction
ParkingAvailable
Other information
Station codeGMR
History
Opened1884
Rebuilt1990s
Location
Gambir Station is located in Jakarta
Gambir Station
Gambir Station
Location within Jakarta

Gambir Station (Indonesian: Stasiun Gambir, station code: GMR) is a major railway station in Gambir, Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia. It is located on the eastern side of Merdeka Square. It was built during the Dutch East Indian era and renovated in the 1990s.

Gambir Station serves as a terminus for most intercity trains operating across Java Island. Two of Jakarta's main commuter lines, the KRL Jabotabek Blue Line (to Bekasi) and Red Line (to Bogor) pass through this station, but do not stop here. Only executive and business class trains use Gambir Station, while all economy class trains and some executive and business class trains use Pasar Senen railway station instead.

History[edit]

Aerial view of Gambir Station in 1940

On 16 September 1871, the Netherlands Indies Railway Company opened its first railway service in Batavia. At its opening, the line stretched from near the old Sunda Kelapa port and south to what is now Gambir area. For Gambir, a small railway stop (halte Koningsplein) was situated on the southeast border of the Koningsplein. This stop was the southernmost stop of Batavia until 1873, when the line was extended to Meester Cornelis and Buitenzorg.[1]

In 1884 a larger station was opened to replace the smaller halte Koningsplein. The new station was built in what is now the location of Gambir Station. The station, named Station Weltevreden, was designed in neoclassical style popular in the 19th-century. The station was significantly extended in 1971.[2]

Aerial view of Gambir Station from the National Monument.

In 1928 this station was renovated in Art Deco style. In 1937 the name Weltevreden station was changed to Batavia Koningsplein Station and after Indonesian independence the name was changed to Jakarta Gambir Station. In 1992, the station was renovated into the current joglo architectural style with a lime-green ceramic facade.[2][3]

Building and facilities[edit]

Passengers waiting seats at 3rd level platform of the station

Gambir Station's building consists of three floors. Local tenants, restaurants, minimarkets and ticket counters are on the first floor. A ticket checking post was added after a train boarding system was implemented. The second floor contains a waiting area, food tenants, cafes, and shops. The third floor is the departure/arrival area, with two island platforms serving four train tracks. Gambir Station also has an ATM Center, toilets, public telephones, and elevators serving all floors at the station. There is a taxi pool at the east of the station.

Lines[edit]

Intercity[edit]

KRL Jabodetabek Commuter Line[edit]

The Blue and Red KRL Jabodetabek lines pass through but skip the station since 2013, due to the station's busy intercity schedule. Commuter train passengers must use either Juanda or Gondangdia station and then other modes of transport to reach Gambir station.

Intermodal connection[edit]

Main platform of Gambir station

DAMRI Bus[edit]

DAMRI buses from Gambir Station to Soekarno-Hatta International Airport run everyday from 01:00 until 21:00.[4] The ticket price is Rp 40000.

City Transport[edit]

Many local modes of transport service Gambir Station, including: buses, minibuses, taxis, and Transjakarta corridor 2 (Pulo Gadung - Harmoni)

Mayasari Bakti[edit]

PPD[edit]

Other[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Dutch) "Mail overzicht", (16 September 1871), Java-bode, p. 3
  2. ^ a b Merrillees 2012, p. 138.
  3. ^ "Djawa Tempo Doeloe". Archived from the original on 2011-08-14. Retrieved 2011-04-02.
  4. ^ "Trayek & Tarif". Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2013-01-24.

Works cited[edit]

  • Merrillees, Scott (2012). Greetings from Jakarta: Postcards of a Capital 1900-1950. Equinox Publishing. ISBN 9789793780887.

External links[edit]

Media related to Gambir Station at Wikimedia Commons

  • (in Indonesian) PT KAI - the Indonesian rail company

Coordinates: 6°10′36″S 106°49′50″E / 6.17667°S 106.83056°E / -6.17667; 106.83056

Preceding station National Rail Connections Following station
Juanda   Jakarta Kota-Manggarai railway   Gondangdia