The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with North America and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (May 2016)
Gaming law is the set of rules and regulations that apply to the gaming or gambling industry. Gaming law is not a branch of law in the traditional sense but rather is a collection of several areas of law that include criminal law, regulatory law, constitutional law, administrative law, company law, contract law, and in some jurisdictions, competition law. At common law, gambling requires consideration, chance and prize, legal terms that must be analyzed by gaming lawyers within the context of any gaming operation.
Gaming law is enormously complex. In the United States, it involves federal and state law considerations. In Canada, it involves federal and provincial law considerations, in a variety of legal disciplines.
In the United States, illegal gambling is a federal crime if it is done as a business. However, each of its states has its own laws regarding the regulation or prohibition of gambling. States that permit such gaming usually have a gaming control board established to oversee the regulation of the industry, such as licensing of those employed in the gaming industry. States that permit casinos and similar forms of gaming often have strict zoning regulations to keep such establishments away from schools and residential areas.
Parliament outlawed gambling in 2009 after a May 2009 fire in a gambling hall in Dnipropetrovsk that killed nine people. The Ukrainian parliament passed the law "On Prohibition of Gambling Business in Ukraine" (Gambling Ban Law) banning gambling business and any participation in gambling in Ukraine on May 15. The President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko signed the law on June 23 and on June 25 it came into force. The Law On Prohibition of Gambling Business in Ukraine also applied to internet casinos, it did not apply to lotteries. The Parliament legalised gambling again on 14 July 2020, albeit with regulations and age restrictions (minimum age of 22).
- Gambling Act 2005 (UK)
- Gaming Act 1845 (UK, repealed)
- Interactive Gambling Act 2001 (Australia)
- Macau gaming law
- Gaming in Mexico
- Rose, I. Nelson; Owens, Martin D., Jr. (2009). Internet Gaming Law (PDF) (2 ed.). Mary Ann Leibert, Inc. Publishers. pp. 11–13. ISBN 9781934854129. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- For federal law, see, e.g., "18 U.S. Code § 1955 - Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- Humphrey, Chuck. "State Gambling Laws". Gambling Law US. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- Hincer, Illkim (1 November 2016). "Gaming in Canada: overview". Practical Law. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Ukraine's parliament legalizes gambling".
- Center for Gaming Research at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; produces reports, papers, and a monthly update