Game Freak

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Game Freak Inc.
Industry Video game
Founded April 26, 1989; 28 years ago (1989-04-26)
Founders Satoshi Tajiri
Ken Sugimori
Headquarters Tokyo, Japan
Key people
Products Pokémon series
Number of employees
118 (2017)[1]
The covers of several issues of Game Freak magazine

Game Freak Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社ゲームフリーク, Hepburn: Kabushiki gaisha Gēmu Furīku, stylized as GAME FREAK inc.) is a Japanese video game developer, best known as the primary developer of the Pokémon series of role-playing video games.


An animated history of how Satoshi Tajiri came to conceive Pokémon

Predating the video game company, Game Freak was a self-published video game magazine created by Satoshi Tajiri and Ken Sugimori in the 1980s. Tajiri wrote and edited the text and Sugimori illustrated. Tajiri also used "Game Freak" as his pen name when he wrote as a freelance writer to publications such as Family Computer Magazine and Famicom Tsūshin.[2][3]

On April 26, 1989, Tajiri and Sugimori started a video game development company with the same name.[4][5][6][7] One of Game Freak's first games was the Nintendo Entertainment System action and puzzle game Quinty, which was released in North America as Mendel Palace. Its most popular series, Pokémon—the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters (ポケットモンスター, Poketto Monsutā)[8]—is published and distributed by The Pokémon Company and Nintendo worldwide.

In October 2015, Game Freak bought Koa Games, a mobile development company.[9]


Year Title Publisher Platform
1989 Quinty (Mendel Palace) NES
1991 Smart Ball Sony SNES
1991 Yoshi Nintendo NES
Game Boy
1992 Magical Tarurūto-kun Sega Mega Drive
1993 Mario & Wario Nintendo SNES
1994 Nontan to Issho: Kuru-Kuru Puzzle Victor Interactive Game Boy
1994 Pulseman Sega Mega Drive
1994 Smart Ball 2 Sony SNES
1994 Nontan to Issho: Kuru Kuru Puzzle Victor Interactive Super Famicom
1996 Pocket Monsters: Red & Green Nintendo Game Boy
1996 Pocket Monsters: Blue Nintendo Game Boy
1996 Pokémon Red and Blue Nintendo Game Boy
1996 Bazaar de Gosāru no Game de Gosāru NEC PC Engine
1997 Bushi Seiryūden: Futari no Yūsha T&E Soft Super Famicom
1998 Game Boy Camera Nintendo Game Boy
1998 Pokémon Yellow: Special Pikachu Edition Nintendo Game Boy
1999 Pokémon Gold and Silver Nintendo Game Boy Color
1999 Click Medic Sony PlayStation
2000 Pokémon Crystal Nintendo Game Boy Color
2002 Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire Nintendo Game Boy Advance
2004 Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen Nintendo Game Boy Advance
2005 Pokémon Emerald Nintendo Game Boy Advance
2005 Drill Dozer Nintendo Game Boy Advance
2007 Pokémon Diamond and Pearl Nintendo Nintendo DS
2009 Pokémon Platinum Nintendo Nintendo DS
2010 Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver Nintendo Nintendo DS
2011 Pokémon Black and White Nintendo Nintendo DS
2012 Pokémon Black 2 and White 2 Nintendo Nintendo DS
2012 HarmoKnight Nintendo Nintendo 3DS
2013 Pocket Card Jockey
  • JP: Game Freak
  • WW: Nintendo[10]
Nintendo 3DS
2013 Pokémon X and Y Nintendo Nintendo 3DS
2014 Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire Nintendo Nintendo 3DS
2015 Tembo the Badass Elephant Sega Xbox One
PlayStation 4
2016 Pokémon Sun and Moon Nintendo Nintendo 3DS
2017 Giga Wrecker Game Freak Windows
2017 Pokémon Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon Nintendo Nintendo 3DS
2019 Untitled Pokémon game[11] Nintendo Nintendo Switch


  1. ^ 会社概要 (in Japanese). Game Freak Inc. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  2. ^ Satoshi Tajiri (1989-01-06). ぼくたちゲーセン野郎. Family Computer Magazine (in Japanese): 114–115. Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  3. ^ Satoshi Tajiri (1986-08-01). ビデヲゲーム通信. Biweekly Famicom Journal (in Japanese). Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  4. ^ Kohler, Chris (2010-04-19). "Pokémon Creators' Fanzine Fetches High Price". Wired. 
  5. ^ "COLUMN: 'Game Mag Weaseling': Just Checking In". GameSetWatch. 
  6. ^ Previous post Next post (2010-04-19). "Pokémon Creators' Fanzine Fetches High Price | GameLife". Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  7. ^ Gifford, Kevin (2008-04-07). "COLUMN: 'Game Mag Weaseling': Just Checking In". GameSetWatch. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  8. ^ Swider, Matt. "The Pokemon Series Pokedex". Gaming Target. Gaming Target. Retrieved February 28, 2007. 
  9. ^ "Pokémon Developer Game Freak Has Purchased a Mobile Game Development Company". 
  10. ^ "Pocket Card Jockey for Nintendo 3DS". Nintendo of America, Inc. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  11. ^ Hernandez, Patricia. "A 'Core' Pokémon Game Is Coming To The Nintendo Switch (Eventually)". Kotaku. Retrieved 4 July 2017. 

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