|Original author(s)||Mark Overmars|
|Initial release||15 November 1999|
|Preview release||v1.99.299 Early Access Version|
|Written in||Delphi For GM Studio IDE, runners for games are built with appropriate languages for each target device|
|Operating system||IDE for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X (only for GameMaker for Mac)|
|Type||Game creation system|
GameMaker accommodates the creation of cross-platform and multi-genre video games using drag and drop action sequences or a sandboxed scripting language known as Game Maker Language, which can be used to develop more advanced games that could not be created just by using the drag and drop features. GameMaker was designed to allow novice computer programmers to be able to make computer games without much programming knowledge by use of these actions.
Originally titled Animo, the program was first released in 1999, and began as a program for creating 2D animations. The name was later changed to GameMaker, lacking a space to avoid intellectual property conflicts with the 1991 software Game-Maker.
GameMaker is designed to allow its users to easily develop video games without having to learn a complex programming language such as C++ or Java through its proprietary drag and drop system. These icons represent actions that would occur in a game, such as movement, basic drawing, and simple control structures. It is also possible to create custom "action libraries" using the Library Maker.
GameMaker primarily runs games that use 2D graphics, allowing the use of limited 3D graphics. It supports the ability to create particle effects such as rain, snow and clouds, however not natively in 3D except through use of Dynamic Link Library.
Game Maker Language (GML) is the primary interpreted scripting language used in GameMaker, which is usually significantly slower than compiled languages such as C++ or Delphi. It is used to further enhance and control the design of a game through more conventional programming, as opposed to the drag and drop system.
GameMaker accommodates redistribution on multiple platforms. The program builds for these platforms: Windows, Windows 8, Mac OS X, Ubuntu, HTML5, Android, iOS, Windows Phone 8, Tizen, Xbox One, and Playstation.
Several versions of the software made reverse engineering easy by packing resource data to the end of the executable with no encryption or internal obfuscation. A decompiler was released specifically for decompiling games distributed with the early iOS runner. Obfuscation programs were later developed and released to deter hackers from extracting the game resources from executable files built with the program. YoYoGames later issued a formal cease and desist to the hackers warning against further infringement of their intellectual property posing as a financial threat to the company. The latest version of the software, GM: Studio, makes it harder to decompile games given its compiled nature and it has built in obfuscation.
Digital rights management
In late 2012 and early 2013, YoYo Games released a version of their new Studio IDE for cross-platform development that would import games and destroy all of the image type resources for some legitimate purchasers of the software by superimposing a pirate symbol on top of the image. This was due to a fault in their digital rights management software implementation which they use as a method of combating pirated copies of the software. YoYoGames publicly stated they would remove the DRM at a later point in time, but that other less-invasive DRM techniques would remain.
The program currently holds a rating of 8.4/10 on Moddb based on 196 user reviews many citing its flexibility and ease of use as positives and instability, crashes, project corruption and outdated features as negatives.
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- "Game Maker Studio DRM Misfires; Permanently Replaces Created Game Resources With Pirate Symbols". Techdirt. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- 27 November 2012 by David Hing (27 November 2012). "Game Maker accidentally brands customers as pirates | bit-gamer.net". Bit-tech.net. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- Chapple, Craig (29 November 2012). "Gamemaker anti-piracy bug destroys developer assets | Latest news from the game development industry | Develop". Develop-online.net. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "GameMaker Studio DRM Bug Trashes Legit Resources". Defy Media, LLC. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "Game Maker DRM Permanently Vandalizing Paying Users' Games". Entertainment Consumers Association. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "GameMaker: Studio Reviews". DBolical Pty Ltd. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
|Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Programming:Game Maker|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Game Maker.|