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Game of skill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Backgammon is a game of skill. Strategy can give players advantages, but there is also an element of chance.[1]

A game of skill or game of wits is a game where the outcome is determined mainly by mental or physical skill, rather than chance.[2]

Alternatively, a game of chance is one where its outcome is strongly influenced by some randomizing device, such as dice, spinning tops, playing cards, roulette wheels, or numbered balls drawn from a container.

While a game of chance may have some skill element to it, chance generally plays a greater role in determining its outcome. A game of skill may also have elements of chance, but skill plays a greater role in determining its outcome.

Some commonly played games of skill include: collectible card games, contract bridge, backgammon and mahjong.[3]

However, most games of skill also involve a degree of chance, due to natural aspects of the environment, a randomizing device (such as dice, playing cards or a coin flip), or guessing due to incomplete information. Some games where skill is a component alongside gambling and strategy such as poker may involve the application of such methods as mathematical probability and game theory, bluffing, and other forms of psychological warfare.


The distinction between "chance" and "skill" has legal significance in countries where chance games are treated differently from skill games. The legal distinction is often vague and varies widely from one jurisdiction to the next.

In Germany, whether a game is considered of skill has legal implications with respect to whether money bets on the game's outcome are considered gambling or not. For example, poker is legally considered a game of chance in Germany[4] (thus only allowed in casinos), whereas a tournament of skat is considered a game of skill and competitions with money prizes are allowed.[5] Alternatively, poker has been ruled by a United States federal judge as a game of skill[6] rather than chance.


A ball-in-a-maze puzzle requires fine motor skills.

Games of skill requiring special equipment (selection)


With the increasing spread of computer games, a lot of software of this genre was also created. Originally, these were mainly so-called jump'n'run games. However, the range has long since expanded and now also includes games with a greater strategic component, for example the various Tetris variants. In contrast to the non-virtual skill game, which usually involves the entire body, eye-hand coordination is required here. Encouraging player responsiveness and imagination is controversial. Nevertheless, various online skill games and jump'n'run adventures also find a place in child psychotherapeutic work.[7][8]

See also



  1. ^ Solly, Meilan. "The Best Board Games of the Ancient World". Smithsonian Magazine. Archived from the original on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  2. ^ Dervishi, Kay (2019-06-18). "Other games of chance and skill on Albany's agenda". CSNY. Archived from the original on 2021-05-18. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  3. ^ David Carter (9 November 2010). Money Games: Profiting from the Convergence of Sports and Entertainment. Stanford University Press. pp. 169–. ISBN 978-0-8047-7679-0.
  4. ^ "Poker". Administration of Saxony. Archived from the original on 2021-06-24. Retrieved 2019-12-07.
  5. ^ A. C. Spapens; Toine Spapens; Alan Littler; Cyrille Fijnaut (2008). Crime, Addiction and the Regulation of Gambling. BRILL. p. 143. ISBN 978-90-04-17218-0.
  6. ^ Secret, Mosi (21 August 2012). "Poker, a Game of Skill, Is Not Truly Gambling, a Judge Rules". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  7. ^ Rainer Koch-Möhr: Computer in der Kinderpsychotherapie. Über den Einsatz von Computerspielen in der Erziehungsberatung. In: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie, Year 47 (1998), Issue 6, pp. 416–425.
  8. ^ "Computerspiele zur Förderung der kindlichen Entwicklung". Archived from the original on 2022-11-03. Retrieved 2022-11-03.

Media related to Physical-skill games at Wikimedia Commons