||This article possibly contains original research. (May 2009)|
|Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society|
|Motto||Γνωθι την 'Αληθειαν (Know the truth.)|
|Colors||Gold and black|
|Symbol||wings and star within a diamond-shaped pin|
|Chapters||3 active Chapters|
|Headquarters||116 Oak Avenue
Ithaca, NY, US
|Homepage||https://sites.google.com/site/gammaalphadigitallab/ http://Gamma-Alpha-Society.uchicago.edu/ga.swf http://sitemaker.umich.edu/gasc/home|
The Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society (ΓΑ) is a non-profit fraternal organization (501(c)(7)) in the USA which fosters interdisciplinary dialogue among graduate students through its local chapters. The Society’s chapters have often been headquartered in chapter houses, akin to residential cooperatives, though there have been many chapters which lacked a chapter house. Where established, chapter houses have served as venues for the academic talks hosted by the Society. More informally, the shared living space of the Society’s houses has provided its members with a forum for a regular exchange of ideas across disciplines—over breakfast or dinner, for example, or a game of chess.
Origin and Mission
The Society was founded in 1899 as the Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Fraternity in Ithaca, NY by graduate students in the biological sciences at Cornell University. Its purpose was an interdisciplinary one with respect to the sciences: to stimulate “mutual interest” among graduate students from “the various scientific departments of Cornell University.” In time, it expanded to more than a dozen chapters across the country and boasted a membership of “more than 10,000 men.”
In 1963, it formally changed its name to the Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society, in part to further differentiate itself from undergraduate fraternities. Originally, the Society was a scientific fraternity exclusively for men, but local chapters (such as Missouri’s) admitted women by 1968. Other chapter houses (Chicago, Cornell and Ohio) began to admit women and students in disciplines other than the sciences in 1972, with the rest (Ann Arbor) following suit the following year. Currently, the University of Illinois is the only local chapter that remains an all male fraternity. Although the makeup of the organization has thus changed greatly since its inception, it is still dedicated to promoting an interdisciplinary fellowship among graduate students, in large part through its cooperative living arrangements. Its motto remains Γνωθι την 'Αληθειαν (Know the truth).
The significance of Gamma Alpha’s motto as well as the symbolism of its insignia used to be revealed to new members in their initiation ceremony. After presenting the candidates with their certificates of membership, the president of the chapter would inform them that:
The letters ΓΑ denote our motto: Gnothe ten Aletheian – KNOW THE TRUTH. The wings and star on our Society Emblem, which all of you are now entitled to wear, signify PROGRESS and ATTAINMENT. The four notches in that Emblem commemorate the four original Chapters: CORNELL, JOHNS HOPKINS, CHICAGO, AND DARTMOUTH.
Nowadays, however, the Society has no such initiation ceremony, though the motto and insignia have been retained. Most ceremonies of this sort—another would be the singing of the fraternity’s song at the end of chapter meetings—appear to have been dropped with the organization’s metamorphosis from a fraternity into a type of fraternal, co-ed cooperative.
- A historical survey of Gamma Alphans' activities is requested here. (volunteers: see the discussion page)
- An overview of The Gamma Alpha Record and Newsletter is requested here. (volunteers: see the discussion page)
The Society presently has four active chapters—in Ithaca, NY (Cornell University), Chicago (University of Chicago), and Ann Arbor, MI (University of Michigan) as well as at Champaign-Urbana, IL (University of Illinois). None of them is legally affiliated with its members’ home academic institution(s). The chapter in Chicago, for example, bears no legal connection with the University of Chicago, and indeed, its members may attend other universities in the vicinity. Still, for the sake of convenience, each chapter is designated by the name of its logical academic institution: Cornell, Chicago and Ann Arbor respectively.
The Cornell Chapter was the founding branch of the organization and contributed a number of illustrious members like Hans Bethe, the German-American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1967 for his work on the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis.
The chapter continues to offer housing to graduate students in the sciences at its house at 116 Oak Avenue overlooking the beautiful Cascadilla Gorge.
The Chicago Chapter was the second chapter of the Society to be established (excluding the chapters of the Alpha Delta Epsilon Scientific Fraternity which, though they existed prior to the Chicago Chapter, merged with the Society shortly after the latter's establishment). According to early records, it was through the “untiring zeal” of F. H. Krecker and R. E. Sheldon of the Cornell Chapter that graduate students in the sciences at the University of Chicago petitioned Gamma Alpha for a charter in December 1907. The charter was granted on February 8, 1908, and the chapter officially installed on the same day.
The chapter has been housed in six different locations in its nearly one hundred years of existence in Hyde Park, Chicago. (1) In its first year, the chapter secured rooms that were “modestly though neatly furnished” on the first floor of 5724 S. Drexel Avenue. (2) Within a year, it had already found a house of its own at 5731 S. Monroe Avenue (renamed Kenwood Avenue in 1915), where “almost all” of its 24 members lodged. (3) By October, 1915, the chapter had moved again, this time to a house that would affectionately come to be called the “Blackstone Castle,” at 5520 S. Blackstone Avenue, where “eighteen to twenty-odd men” were put up in seven bedrooms. (4) Within seven years—by October 1922—the chapter had moved back to Kenwood Avenue, making its home in the house (5733) next to its former residence (5731). (5) And in the first quarter of 1938, the chapter relocated to 5735 S. Woodlawn Avenue, “the most beat up house on Woodlawn” with a “poor porch” that remained, “well, darn poor.” (6) Finally, in a forced move in the latter half of 1958, the chapter settled into its longest-lived home to date, the former residence of the famous American sociologist, David Riesman, at 5621 S. University Avenue, across the street from the campus (see below).
The chapter fell on especially tough times and nearly lost its housing both during World War II and with the sale of its house to the University of Chicago in 1958. Like many residential institutions during World War II, the Chicago Chapter lost many men to the armed forces and was hard pressed to fill the house with enough members to make ends meet. Supplies like roofing tiles were “unattainable at any price” that the chapter could afford and the pipes also fell into disrepair, dripping “dismally” through the winter of 1943. The house’s future seemed “none too bright” to its members and was in fact so uncertain that “all efforts” were “being made to forestall a possible closure.”
Such a closure was all but certain in 1957 when an expanding University of Chicago arranged to buy the chapter house and replace it with a seminary dorm. For its part, the local corporation governing the house planned to use the monies from the sale to “establish a fellowship-loan fund,” but at the cost of permanently closing the chapter house and displacing its resident members. A hard battle was subsequently fought by the chapter’s active members, with the support of the national organization, to get the local corporation to relocate rather than abolish the chapter house. Eventually, the corporation capitulated and, with help from the university, relocated the chapter in 1958 to 5621 S. University Avenue, the “magnificent residence which is the present home of ΓΑ.”
The Chicago Chapter has institutionalized in its “House Rules” the membership changes which were ushered in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In recruiting new members for its 15 rooms, it now seeks to maintain a balance between the sexes and to admit students from as diverse a set of academic fields as possible. It has thus come to conceive of itself more as a graduate student cooperative than a scientific fraternity, though it remains both active in the national organization and invested in the welfare of its sister chapters. For more information about the present activities of the chapter, its recruitment of new members and alumni contacts, visit the chapter’s homepage.
The Gamma Alpha chapter of Ann Arbor first bought a house near the North Engels building. In 1949, Gamma Alpha moved to the current location in the southwest area of the city, into a house that was built in 1923 as a family residence. During the early years, GA Ann Arbor housed up to 40 male Chemistry graduate students. This luckily changed over time—the house now offers single rooms for 13 graduate students, both female and male and from all departments. The house has a lively and multicultural community, and besides some tightly organized house meetings, we enjoy cooking together, filling out crosswords, playing board games, sledding (only in the winter though), brewing beer, baking bread, repairing the house, and lots of other fun things.
The University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana
Instituted on December 16, 1908, a residential chapter has continuously been located at the University of Illinois, and has been situated at 807 W Nevada Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801 for approximately the last 80 years. The Illinois chapter is a co-ed organisation and amongst notable alumni are Polykarp Kusch and Arnold Beckman. Initiated May 25, 1932, Polykarp Kusch won the Nobel prize in physics in 1955. Arnold Orville Beckman, initiated December 1922, was the inventor of the first pH meter and founder of the first silicon transistor company in California (thus giving birth to Silicon valley).
The Illinois chapter still encourages application from graduate students attending the University of Illinois, and has opened membership capabilities to students in areas other than exclusively scientific disciplines.
Gamma Alpha websites
- Chicago: http://Gamma-Alpha-Society.uchicago.edu/ga.swf
- Ann Arbor: http://sitemaker.umich.edu/gasc/home
- Mayer, Edwin C. (June 1911). "A Brief History of Gamma Alpha". Gamma Alpha Record (Journal Print) 3 (2): 18–20.
- Gamma Alpha. Rapid Press. 1963. p. 4.
Since that time, Chapters have been organized at the University of California, Berkeley, University of California, Davis, University of Chicago, Cornell University, Harvard University, University of Illinois, State University of Iowa, Johns Hopkins University, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, University of Missouri, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Yale University and at Ohio State University.... The Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society has a membership of more than 10,000 men located in every state of the Union and in a great many foreign countries.
- Jankowski, W. A. (May 3, 1968). "Morning Minutes". Minutes of the National Executive Board Meeting, Council Meeting, and Convention of Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society): 2.
- Lamvik, Mike; Richard Hintz; Al Fried (June 1973). "Reports of the Chicago, Cornell, and Ohio Chapters". Gamma Alpha Newsletter (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society): 3–6.
- Salthouse, Andy; Bob Matthiesen (Autumn 1974). "Reports of the Michigan and Illinois Chapters". Gamma Alpha Newsletter (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society): 7–8 and 10–11.
- Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society (1964). "By-laws". Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society, Cornell Chapter.
- Luckhardt, Arno B. (December 1908). "Chapter Report". Gamma Alpha Record (Taylor and Carpenter, Ithaca NY) 1 (1): 6–7.
- Pitcher, Arthur D. (December 1909). "Chapter Letter". Gamma Alpha Record (Taylor and Carpenter, Ithaca NY) 2 (1): 9–10.
- Tansey, V. A. (October 1915). "Chapter Letter". Gamma Alpha Record (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Fraternity, Chicago) 7 (3): 42–44.
- Grauer, T. P. (October 1922). "Chapter Letter". Gamma Alpha Record (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Fraternity, New Haven) 12 (3): 66–67.
- Viavant, Bill (November 1947). "Chapter Letter". Gamma Alpha Record (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Fraternity, Lancaster PA) 37 (4): 64.
- Woolridge, Robert L. (May 1944). "Chapter Chat". Gamma Alpha Record (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Fraternity, Lancaster PA) 34 (3): 43.
- Woolridge, Robert L. (November 1943). "Chapter Chat". Gamma Alpha Record (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Fraternity, Lancaster PA) 33 (3): 45.
- Woolridge, Robert (May 1943). "Chapter Letter". Gamma Alpha Record (Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Fraternity, Lancaster PA) 33 (2): 31.
- Russel L. Houck (April 29, 1960). "The Chicago Chapter Biennial Convention Report". Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society.
- Russel L. Houck (May 10, 1963). "Alumni Correspondence". Gamma Alpha Graduate Scientific Society.