Gamma Scuti

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γ Scuti
Scutum constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg

Location of γ Scuti (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Scutum
Right ascension 18h 29m 11.85388s[1]
Declination −14° 33′ 56.9319″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.67[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A2:V[3]
U−B color index +0.04[4]
B−V color index +0.07[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) -41.00[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +3.22[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −4.02[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 10.21 ± 0.24[1] mas
Distance 319 ± 8 ly
(98 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −0.28[2]
Details
Mass 2.91[6] M
Radius 4.1[7] R
Luminosity 150[6] L
Surface gravity (log g) 2.09[8] cgs
Temperature 9,016[6] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 222[6] km/s
Age 237[8] Myr
Other designations
γ Sct, BD−14° 5071, FK5 696, GC 25220, HD 170296, HIP 90595, HR 6930, SAO 161520, GSC 05702-02882
Database references
SIMBAD data

Gamma Scuti, Latinized from γ Scuti, is a single,[9] white-hued star in the southern constellation of Scutum. The apparent visual magnitude of 4.67[2] indicates this is a dim star but visible to the naked eye. Based upon an annual parallax shift of 10.21 mas as seen from Earth,[1] this star is located about 319 light years from the Sun. Currently it is moving towards the Solar System at 41 km/s, which means in 2.35 million years it will pass at just 20 ly (5.519 pc) distance,[10] probably becoming the brightest star in the night sky, at magnitude −2.1, for a period.[11]

This is an A-type main-sequence star[3] with a stellar classification of A2:V.[3] At the age of 237 million years,[8] it is spinning rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 222 km/s.[6] This is giving the star an oblate shape with a prominent equatorial bulge that is estimated to be 21% larger than the polar radius.[12] The star has an estimated 2.91[6] times the mass of the Sun and 4.1[7] times the Sun's radius. It is radiating 150 times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 9,016 K.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653. arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.  Vizier catalog entry
  2. ^ a b c Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012). "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation". Astronomy Letters. 38 (5): 331. arXiv:1108.4971Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A. doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.  Vizier catalog entry
  3. ^ a b c Abt, Helmut A.; Morrell, Nidia I. (1995). "The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars". Astrophysical Journal Supplement v.99. 99: 135. Bibcode:1995ApJS...99..135A. doi:10.1086/192182. 
  4. ^ a b Mallama, A. (2014). "Sloan Magnitudes for the Brightest Stars". The Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers. 42: 443. Bibcode:2014JAVSO..42..443M. Vizier catalog entry
  5. ^ Gontcharov, G. A. (2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system". Astronomy Letters. 32 (11): 759. arXiv:1606.08053Freely accessible. Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G. doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Zorec, J.; Royer, F. (2012). "Rotational velocities of A-type stars". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 537: A120. arXiv:1201.2052Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012A&A...537A.120Z. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117691.  Vizier catalog entry
  7. ^ a b Allende Prieto, C.; Lambert, D. L. (1999). "Fundamental parameters of nearby stars from the comparison with evolutionary calculations: Masses, radii and effective temperatures". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 352: 555. arXiv:astro-ph/9911002Freely accessible. Bibcode:1999A&A...352..555A.  Vizier catalog entry
  8. ^ a b c David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015). "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets". The Astrophysical Journal. 804 (2): 146. arXiv:1501.03154Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146.  Vizier catalog entry
  9. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878Freely accessible, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. 
  10. ^ Bailer-Jones, C. A. L. (March 2015), "Close encounters of the stellar kind", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 575: 13, arXiv:1412.3648Freely accessible, Bibcode:2015A&A...575A..35B, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425221, A35. 
  11. ^ Kaler, Jim. "Gamma Scuti". Retrieved 2017-04-21. 
  12. ^ van Belle, Gerard T. (March 2012), "Interferometric observations of rapidly rotating stars", The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, 20 (1): 51, arXiv:1204.2572Freely accessible, Bibcode:2012A&ARv..20...51V, doi:10.1007/s00159-012-0051-2.