Gamvik

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in Finnmark, Norway. For the village of Gamvik, see Gamvik (village).
Gamvik kommune
Gáŋgaviikka gielda
Municipality
Mehamn
Mehamn
Coat of arms of Gamvik kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gamvik kommune
Finnmark within
Norway
Gamvik within Finnmark
Gamvik within Finnmark
Coordinates: 71°2′28″N 27°51′5″E / 71.04111°N 27.85139°E / 71.04111; 27.85139Coordinates: 71°2′28″N 27°51′5″E / 71.04111°N 27.85139°E / 71.04111; 27.85139
Country Norway
County Finnmark
District Øst-Finnmark
Administrative centre Mehamn
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Inga Manndal (Sv)
Area
 • Total 1,415.43 km2 (546.50 sq mi)
 • Land 1,353.64 km2 (522.64 sq mi)
 • Water 61.79 km2 (23.86 sq mi)
Area rank 60 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,098 (Increase from last year)
 • Rank 392 in Norway
 • Density 0.78/km2 (2.0/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -3.2 %
Demonym(s) Gamviking or
Gamvikværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-2023
Official language form Neutral
Website www.gamvik.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

About this sound Gamvik  (Northern Sami: Gáŋgaviika) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Mehamn. The other main villages in Gamvik include Gamvik and Skjånes. Gamvik is known as one of poorest and most undeveloped municipalities in Norway. Although number of inhabitants raised at one moment in 2012, after closing fish factory in 2014 number of inhabitants sunk dramatically after leaving of east European fishers.

Most people live in the village of Mehamn (about 500 inhabitants), which has an airport, Mehamn Airport, and is also a port of call of the hurtigruten coastal boats. The Slettnes Lighthouse near the village of Gamvik is the northernmost lighthouse on the mainland of Europe. Nervei and Langfjordbotn are two very small villages in southern Gamvik that are only accessible by boat. Finnkongkeila is an abandoned village along the Tanafjorden.

General information[edit]

View from Gamvik
View of the Slettnes Nature Reserve
View of Mehamn

The municipality of Gamvik was established on 1 January 1914 when the old Tana Municipality was divided into Tana, Berlevåg, and Gamvik. Initially, Gamvik had 1,371 inhabitants. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name may have been Gangvík. The first element is then gangr which means "path" and the last element is vík which means "cove" or "wick".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 28 September 1990. The arms show a characteristic maritime tool to emphasize the importance of fishing: three needles for the making and mending fishing nets. Three of these yellow-colored needles are set diagonally on a red background.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Gamvik. It is part of the Hammerfest deanery in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Gamvik
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Gamvik Gamvik Church Gamvik 1958
Hop Church Skjånes 1977
Mehamn Chapel Mehamn 1965

History[edit]

1982 air crash[edit]

Main article: Widerøe Flight 933

On 12 March 1982, a Widerøe Twin Otter, registration number LN-BNK, crashed into the sea near Mehamn, killing all fifteen on board. More than twenty years and four rounds of investigation later, this incident remains highly controversial in Norway.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Gamvik, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Gamvik is made up of 13 representatives that are elected to every four years. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Gamvik Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 7
  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 2
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 4
Total number of members: 13

Geography[edit]

The municipality consists of the eastern half of the Nordkinn Peninsula. Kinnarodden, located in Gamvik, is the northernmost point of mainland Europe (the more well-known North Cape is located nearby on Magerøya island). The Tanafjorden flows along the eastern coast of Gamvik. Lebesby Municipality is located to the west and Tana Municipality is located to the south. Across the fjord to the east is Berlevåg Municipality.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Slettnes Lighthouse
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
−1.1
(30)
1.0
(33.8)
4.7
(40.5)
8.7
(47.7)
11.9
(53.4)
11.3
(52.3)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.8
(38.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.8
(37)
6.3
(43.3)
9.3
(48.7)
9.2
(48.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.5
(36.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.7
(35.1)
Average low °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.8
(33.4)
4.3
(39.7)
7.3
(45.1)
7.2
(45)
4.7
(40.5)
0.3
(32.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.85)
37
(1.46)
35
(1.38)
34
(1.34)
36
(1.42)
37
(1.46)
45
(1.77)
46
(1.81)
53
(2.09)
67
(2.64)
56
(2.2)
46
(1.81)
539
(21.22)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.2 10.7 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.4 9.1 10.4 13.4 15.7 14.4 13.8 140.1
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[6]

Birdlife[edit]

The area surrounding the lighthouse at Slettnes is also an interesting locality for those interested in birds and birdwatching. There is a nature reserve and bird observatory.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 237. 
  4. ^ "Kommunevåpen". Flags of the World. 30 April 2002. Retrieved 2008-12-10.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  6. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]