Ganatantra Parishad

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Ganatantra Parishad
Chairperson Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo
Founded October, 1950

The Ganatanra Parishad (GP) or the All India Ganatantra Parishad (AIGP) was a regional political party based in Orissa state in eastern India from 1950 to 1962. This political party was formed by the former rulers of the erstwhile princely states and big landlords.[1] It was founded in 1950 and Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo became its President. In 1962, this political party was merged with the Orissa unit of the Swatantra Party.[2] after the parliamentary election.

Background[edit]

The roots of this party can be traced to the Koshal Utkal Praja Parishad[3] founded in October, 1948 with its headquarters at Sambalpur. The first meeting of the Praja Parishad was held on 8, 9 and 10 October 1948 at Balibandha in Sambalpur. In the annual meeting of the Praja Parishad at Bolangir in October, 1950 it was transformed into a full fledged political party, the Ganatantra Parishad.[4]

Performance in the elections[edit]

In the first general election in 1951, the GP won 0.91% of the total votes and 6 seats in the Lok Sabha[5] In the first general election to the Legislative Assembly of Orissa in 1952, the GP received 20.5% of the total votes and 31 seats in the Legislative Assembly.[6] and its leader, Shraddhakar Supakar became the leader of the opposition.[7] In the second general election to the Legislative Assembly of Orissa in 1957, the GP received 28.74% of the total votes and 51 seats in the Legislative Assembly.[8] Its leader, Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo became the leader of the opposition. After the fall of the minority Congress government, the GP formed a coalition government with the Congress on 22 May 1959. Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo became its finance minister. The coalition government collapsed on 21 February 1961 and the President's rule was imposed.[7] In the third general election to the Legislative Assembly of Orissa in 1961, the GP received 22.34% of the total votes and 37 seats in the Legislative Assembly[9] and Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo again became the leader of the opposition.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chandra, Bipan and others (2000). India after Independence: 1947-2000, New Delhi, Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-027825-7, pp.135,216
  2. ^ "Patna (Princely State)". Archived from the original on 22 May 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Sethy, Rabindra Kumar (2003). Political Crisis and President's Rule in An Indian State. New Delhi: A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 118. ISBN 81-7648-463-6. 
  4. ^ Sharma, Sadhna (1995). State Politics in India. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 276–7. ISBN 81-7099-619-8. 
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1951 to the First Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 50. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 to the Legislative Assembly of Orissa" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 8. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c "Brief History of Orissa Legislative Assembly Since 1937". Orissa Legislative Assembly website. Archived from the original on 9 January 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 to the Legislative Assembly of Orissa" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 8. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  9. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1961 to the Legislative Assembly of Orissa" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 8. Retrieved 21 May 2010.