Gandhinagar

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Gandhinagar
Capital City
Akshardham Mandir
Gandhinagar is located in Gujarat
Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar is located in India
Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar
Location in Gujarat
Coordinates: 23°13′23″N 72°39′00″E / 23.223°N 72.650°E / 23.223; 72.650Coordinates: 23°13′23″N 72°39′00″E / 23.223°N 72.650°E / 23.223; 72.650
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Gandhinagar
Named for Mahatma Gandhi
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Gandhinagar Municipal Corporation
 • Municipal Commissioner D. N. Modi, I.A.S
 • Mayor Pravin Patel
Area
 • Total 177 km2 (68 sq mi)
Elevation 81 m (266 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 206,167
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi, and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN CODE 382010[2]
Telephone code 079
Vehicle registration GJ-18
Website gujaratindia.com

Gandhinagar /ɡɑːndɪˈnɑːɡər/ (About this sound pronunciation ) is the capital of the state of Gujarat in Western India. Gandhinagar is located approximately 23 km north of Ahmedabad, on the west central point of the Industrial corridor between Delhi, the political capital of India, and Mumbai, the financial capital of India.

Gandhinagar, Gujarat's new capital city, lies on the west bank of the Sabarmati River, about 545 km (338 miles) north of Mumbai, the financial capital of India and 901 km (560 miles) southwest of Delhi, the political capital.[3][better source needed] There is a provision of parks, extensive planting and a recreational area along the river giving the city a green garden-city atmosphere.[3][better source needed]

The Akshardham temple is located in Gandhinagar.[4] There was a determination to make Gandhinagar a purely Indian enterprise, partly because the state of Gujarat was the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi.[3][better source needed] For this reason, the planning was done by two Indian town planners: Prakash M Apte & H. K. Mewada, who had apprenticed with Le Corbusier in Chandigarh.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The new capital city was planned by Chief Architect H.K. Mewada, educated at Cornell University, and his assistant Prakash M Apte.[5][6][7]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Gandhinagar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
94.46%
Muslims
  
03.29%

As of 2001 India census,[8] Gandhinagar had a population of 195,891. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Gandhinagar has an average literacy rate of 77.11%. Male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 73%. In Gandhinagar, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Over 95% of the population of Gandhinagar are Hindus.

Geography[edit]

Gandhinagar has an average elevation of 81 metres (266 feet). The city sits on the banks of the Sabarmati River, in north-central-East Gujarat. The 20,543 km2 Area Around Gandhinagar is defined by Gujarat capital Territory. It spans an area of 205 km2 (79 sq mi). The river frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water. Gandhinagar is India's tree capital With 54% green cover on its land area.[9]

Climate[edit]

Gandhinagar
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.6
 
 
28
12
 
 
1.1
 
 
31
14
 
 
1
 
 
36
19
 
 
0.9
 
 
40
23
 
 
6
 
 
42
26
 
 
109
 
 
38
27
 
 
265
 
 
33
26
 
 
220
 
 
32
25
 
 
172
 
 
33
24
 
 
11
 
 
36
21
 
 
8.9
 
 
33
17
 
 
2.6
 
 
30
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [10]

Gandhinagar has a tropical wet and dry climate with three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. The climate is generally dry and hot outside of the monsoon season. The weather is hot to severely hot from March to June when the maximum temperature stays in the range of 36 to 42 °C (97 to 108 °F), and the minimum in the range of 19 to 27 °C (66 to 81 °F). It is pleasant in the winter days and quite chilling in the night during December to February. The average maximum temperature is around 29 °C (84 °F), the average minimum is 14 °C (57 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September.[11] The average annual rainfall is around 803.4 mm (31.63 in).

Governance and politics[edit]

Religions in Gandhinagar[citation needed]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
99%
Others
  
1%

On 1 May 1960, Gujarat was created out of the 17 northern districts of former State of Bombay. These districts were further subdivided later on. There are 33 administrative districts in the state. Gandhinagar is a politics hub for the state of Gujarat. Sri L.k. Advani is Present Elected member for 19 years from Gandhinagar seat in Loksabha Election.[12]

Congress won the first municipality election in 2011.[13] Mahendrasinh Rana became the first mayor of the city.

Transport[edit]

Gandhinagar Road

Air[edit]

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport located in Ahmedabad is 18 km away from Gandhinagar, providing both domestic and international flights.

Rail[edit]

Gandhinagar Metro
MEGA Ahmedabad Metro Network Map August 2015.png
Overview
Owner Government of Gujarat
Locale Gandhinagar, India
Transit type Rapid Transit
Number of lines 4
Operation
Operator(s) MEGACL

Gandhinagar Capital railway station (GNC ) is located in Sector 14. Many trains running on the western zones pass through Gandhinagar. Currently there are 5 trains running from this station in which 3 are express trains and 2 are MEMU trains.Jaipur-Bandra Garib Rath, Haridwar mail for Delhi and Haridwar and Shanti Express for Indore Junction BG are main express trains running through this station.

Ahmedabad Railway Station in Kalupur Ahmedabad is the nearest rail junction (25 km away) which provides connectivity with all the major cities and towns of India. The Indian Railways transports are Available for Moving in Northern India & Eastern India From Kalol Railway Station.

Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad[edit]

The Governing Body of Gujarat planned for rapid transit in the city by proposing the Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad (MEGA) also known as the Ahmedabad Metro. The contract for the four corridors of the system were awarded to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) which also manages the Delhi Metro.[14][15] Delhi Metro carried out a pre-feasibility survey in 2004–05. In 2003, when the project was conceived, its cost was worked out at Rs 45 billion.

The DMRC (Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd) has already done its techno-feasibility study and submitted its report. Gujarat government has recently re-approached Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for a modified detailed project report (DRP) for a metro rail project in Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gujarat (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". 
  2. ^ "PIN Code: Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India". findpincode.net. 
  3. ^ a b c "Information about History of Gandhinagar City – Gujarat". Gujaratguideonline.com. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "SBI IFSC Code: Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India". Sbiifsccode.co.in. 
  5. ^ New development plan will kill G’nagar, warns original planner. The Times of India.
  6. ^ Architecture, Low Cost Housing, Regional Planning, Urban Development, Town Planner, Housing, India, Prakash, Madhusudan, Apte, Eisenhover, Gandhinagar, Urban Planning, Urban Growth. Angelfire.com (21 June 2014).
  7. ^ The building of GANDHINAGAR NEW CAPITAL OF GUJARAT:INDIA, Prakash Madhusudan Apte, Power Publishers, March 2012
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  9. ^ "With 54% green cover, Gandhinagar India's tree capital – The Times of India". The Times of India. 
  10. ^ IMD Archived 4 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ "Gandhinagar Weather – Records and Averages". Yahoo! Inc. Archived from the original on 14 May 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  12. ^ "MP Elections : Mallika Sarabhai to contest against Advani «  India Elections 2014, India, News, Update, Analysis, Predictions, Results". 
  13. ^ "Congress wins maiden Gandhinagar civic poll – The Times of India". The Times of India. 
  14. ^ "Govt lines up Rs 1 lakh cr for Metro projects-Railways-Transportation-News By Industry-News-The Economic Times". The Economic Times. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  15. ^ "Delhi Metro to discuss Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar link – Ahmedabad – City". The Times of India. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 
  16. ^ "Ahmedabad metro rail project put on fast track". Business Standard. Retrieved 26 July 2010. 

External links[edit]