Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb (Hindustani: गंगा जमुनी तहज़ीब, گنگا جمنی تھذیب, Ganges-Yamuna Culture) is a term used for the culture of the central plains of Northern India, especially the doab region of Ganges (Ganga) and Yamuna rivers, which is regarded as a fusion of Hindu and Muslim elements.
The region of Awadh in the state of Uttar Pradesh is usually considered to be the center of this culture. Allahabad, Lucknow, Kanpur, Faizabad-Ayodhya, and Varanasi (Benares) are a few of the many centres of this culture.
- Steven Wesley Ramey, Hindu, Sufi, or Sikh: contested practices and identifications of Sindhi Hindus in India and beyond, Macmillan, 2008, ISBN 978-0-230-60832-0,
... the continuing joint Muslim and Hindu participation in public festivals, relating it to "Ganga-Jamuni Tahzeeb," the attitude of refined hospitality and harmonious relations that historically characterized this region ...
- Socialist Party (India), Janata, Volume 62,
... the ganga-jamuni tehzeeb (composite culture) regarded both religious communities as two eyes of a beautiful bride and their long history witnessed 'give-and-take', at many levels ...
- Malika Mohammada, The foundations of the composite culture in India, Aakar Books, 2007, ISBN 978-81-89833-18-3,
... developed in Awadh as a genre of composite creativity. ... of multiple Indian cultural traditions and provided glimpses of the Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb of north India with Lucknow as its centre ...
- Plaint Of Ayodhya, The Financial Express, Sunday, Aug 22, 2004 at 0000 hrs IST
- Festival has origin in city's composite culture, TNN, May 13, 2009, 06.52am IST
- Karbala revisited, Express News Service, Saturday , February 12, 2005
- Twin towns welcome verdict with humility, grace, Deccan Chronicle, October 1st, 2010
- An apt reflection of Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb, Naveen Kumar, TNN, Sep 25, 2009, 10.09pm IST
- Stories behind the masks, Shailaja Tripathi, NEW DELHI, November 4, 2010, The Hindu
- Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb helps maintain peace
- Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb: Temple serving Iftar Dates to 5 Mosques in Hyderabad
- Descendants of Nawabs keep Holi traditions alive, The Indian Express, Tue Mar 10 2009, 15:35 hrs