Digha–Sonpur rail–cum–road bridge

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Digha–Sonpur rail–cum–road bridge
दीघा-सोनपुर रेल-सह-सड़क सेतु
Coordinates 25°40′05″N 85°06′30″E / 25.6681°N 85.1083°E / 25.6681; 85.1083
Crosses Ganges
Locale DighaSonepur
Characteristics
Design K-truss bridge
Total length 4,556 metres (14,948 ft)
Width 10 metres (33 ft)
Number of spans 36
History
Construction begin 2003
Construction end August 2015
Opened 2 February 2016
Statistics
Daily traffic 14 pair of trains

Digha–Sonpur rail–cum–road bridge (Hindi: दीघा-सोनपुर रेल-सह-सड़क सेतु) or Ganga rail–road bridge (Hindi: गंगा रेल-सड़क सेतु) is a bridge across river Ganges, connecting Digha Ghat in Patna and Pahleja Ghat in Sonpur, Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar.[1][2] The rail-cum-road bridge provides easy roadway and railway link between northern and southern parts of Bihar. It is a steel girder bridge.[3] Regular scheduled passenger rail service was inaugurated on this route on 3 February 2016. This is second railway bridge in Bihar after Rajendra Setu that connects North Bihar to South Bihar.[4] Indian railways has constructed two railway stations on either sides of the bridge – Patliputra Junction railway station(PPTA) and Bharpura PahlejaGhat railway station(PHLG).

The project[edit]

Patliputra and Bharpura Pahleja Ghat station on both sides of bridge

Rajendra Setu was the only bridge that carried railway tracks across the Ganges in the state of Bihar till 3rd February 2016. It was opened in 1959.[5][6][7]

On 22 December, 1996, Former Prime Minister H. D. Deve Gowda laid the foundation stone for the construction of the railway bridge over Ganga at Sonepur.[8][9] Ram Vilas Paswan was the railway minister at that time, but the physical work on the bridge began in 2003 when Nitish Kumar was the railway minister.[10][11] The Digha–Sonpur Ganga bridge was initially sanctioned as a rail bridge; the project was converted to a rail-cum-road bridge in 2006. Total cost of the project was put at 13,890 million, out of which 8,350 million was for the rail part, and 5,540 million was for the road part. It was expected to be completed in five years.[12] The construction work on the bridge was completed in August 2015,[13][14] and a trial run of a diesel locomotive was undertaken on the bridge in the same month.[15]

Ganga rail–road bridge project was executed by Ircon International and the bridge was completed at 1,570 crore (US$230 million).[16] The electrification work on the Patna-Sonepur-Hajipur Section was completed by July 2016.[17]

This bridge 4,556 metres (14,948 ft) is amongst the longest bridges in India.[18] The total length of construction, including approaches, would be 20 km.[19] It would be a K-truss bridge.[20] There will be two rail tracks (up and down tracks) and a four-lane road (two carriage ways in each direction).

Construction of the bridge being completed, the inaugural commercial run on the rail bridge took place on 3 February 2016.[21] The Digha–Sonepur rail bridge was officially inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 12 March 2016.[22] The second rail track is still to be laid, and although the road on the bridge is complete, the approach roads on both ends are incomplete due to delay in land acquisition. Trains running on Ganga rail–road bridge between Sonepur and Patliputra are:[23][24]

  • Raxaul–Hajipur intercity express (Train no. 15202)[25]
  • Gorakhpur–Patliputra passenger (Train no. 55042)[26]
  • Sonepur–Gorakhpur passenger (Train no.55209)[27]
  • Gorakhpur–Sonepur passenger (Train no. 55008)[28][29]
  • Sonepur–Kaptanganj passenger (Train no. 55007)[30]
  • Patliputra–Barauni DEMU (Train no. 75216)[31]
  • Patliputra–Narkatiaganj intercity (Train no. 25201)[32][33]
  • Lucknow–Patliputra–Lucknow express (via SV,GKP) (Train no.12529/30 )-

Politicking[edit]

Ganga rail–road bridge (under construction)

In 1996, survey work for the proposed bridge was initiated by the Railways at three possible sites – Digha–Sonepur, Gulzarbagh–Hajipur and Ict Ghat–Sonepur.[34] Ram Vilas Paswan was then the Union Railway Minister and he lent his support to the Gulzarbagh-Hajipur site, as Hajipur was the constituency from which he was elected. Lalu Prasad Yadav, then Chief Minister of Bihar, lent his support to the Digha–Sonepur site. In the wake of the conflicting support of the political heavy weights, disturbances broke out at Sonepur. One person was shot dead.[35] Many experts opined in favour of building the rail bridge adjacent to the Mahatma Gandhi Setu, the road bridge connecting Hajipur with Patna. However, political opinion prevailed and the Digha–Sonepur site was selected. Rs. 24 million was spent on the survey alone.[36] The proposal to the contruct the bridge was mentioned in the union budget of 1997-98 and at that time the estimated cost was 600 crores. The bridge was finally sanctioned during the term as Union Railway Minister of Nitish Kumar, present Chief Minister of Bihar.[18] The scope of work was expanded when Lalu Prasad Yadav was the Union Railway Minister.

Service[edit]

Regularly scheduled passenger service was inaugurated on this route on 3 February 2016. Initially, six services will utilize the bridge connecting Patna with North Bihar and parts of Uttar Pradesh. Diesel Multiple Unit trains from Patliputra Junction to Barauni Junction via Sonepur, Hajipur, Shahpur Patori, to Gorakhpur Junction via Chhapra, Siwan, Thawe and Kaptanganj, and to Gorakhpur Junction via Hajipur, Muzaffarpur, Raxaul and Narkatiaganj are among the initial services.[37][38]

In the future, certain long-distance Patna-bound trains are expected to shift to this northerly route easing the burden on the heavily congested Mughalsarai-Patna rail line.[39]

Roll-on/roll-off[edit]

In May 2016, Roll-on/roll-off (RO-RO) service was introduced from Bihta (private freight terminal) to Turki station in Muzaffarpur district covering a distance of 88km through the Digha-Sonepur rail-cum-road bridge.[40][41] This is second such service in India. Before this, Railways started RoRo services in the Konkan region. The railway wagons ferry loaded trucks to their destination.[42] This is started by Railways to attract more loadings , reduce carbon emission and reduce load on Mahatma Gandhi Setu.[43] Approximately 44 loaded or empty trucks move in a rake and one rake do three trips a day. Ferrying of trucks weighing 15 MT (metric tonnes) cost 4,107 (US$61) and of empty trucks of average 6 MT (metric tonnes) weight 2,806 (US$42). Similarly, trucks weighing over 15 MT are charged Rs 200 more for every tonne over 15MT. The maximum weight allowed is 66 MT. From July 3 onwards, starting destination is changed to Danapur instead of Bihita.[44]

Bridges across the Ganges in Bihar[edit]

The Ganges divides the state of Bihar in two parts. The mighty river makes communication between the two parts a difficult task.

  • The first effort to bridge the gap was Rajendra Setu in 1959.[5][6]
  • The next bridge across the Ganges in Bihar was the 5,575 metres (18,291 ft) Mahatma Gandhi Setu, the longest bridge in India at the time of its commissioning in 1982.[45]
  • It was followed by Vikramshila Setu near Bhagalpur.[46]
  • The fourth bridge across the Ganges in the state is the Digha–Sonpur rail–cum–road bridge.
  • The Munger Ganga Bridge was formally opened for passenger trains on 11 April 2016.[47] The road on the bridge is complete, too, but approach roads on both ends are not even in initial stage due to lack of land acquisition.
  • A fourth rail bridge over Ganga has been sanctioned at Bikramshila–Kataria with 18 km new rail line between Pirpainti and Naugachhia at cost of rupees 1601 Crore taking in consideration for access to north Bihar from Jharkhand by Jasidih Pirpainti new rail line under construction.[48]
  • Construction of a double track rail bridge, 25 meter upstream from present Rajendra Pul was inaugurated on 12 March 2016 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi while inaugurating Patna Lucknow Intercity express.[49][50]
  • A 5.575 km long bridge Bakhtiyarpur-Tajpur Bridge is under construction which will connect Bakhtiyarpur and Tajpur.[51]
  • Another 6 lane road bridge is already under construction at Patna connecting Kachchi Dargah in Patna and Bidupur in Vaishali.[52]
  • The Arrah–Chhapra Bridge across the Ganges is also under construction which will connect Arrah and Chhapra.[53]
  • A road bridge parallel to the existing rail and road bridge, Rajendra Setu, has also been planned.[54]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Million dreams". 
  2. ^ "Ganga bridge bonanza New projects to ease travel hassle". 
  3. ^ "Girder erection and deck casting work has been completed on 45 spans of the bridge in a record time". 
  4. ^ "Digha bridge: Only 10% rly track work remains incomplete". 
  5. ^ a b "Rlys begins bridge renovation work". Times of India, Patna, 12 July 2010. 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  6. ^ a b "Indian railways history (after independence)". Indian Railways. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  7. ^ "Indian Railways’ Forgotten Frontier – Tribals Travel on Rooftops". Again in Bihar: 930 crore and 625 crore rail cum road bridges. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  8. ^ "Digha-Sonepur rail bridge has an eventful past". 
  9. ^ "Foundation stone for Bihar bridge laid again, for Lalu’s benefit". 
  10. ^ "18-year wait 1996-2016". 
  11. ^ "Ramvilas Paswan had got foundation laying of the rail-cum road bridge from Digha to Sonepur by the then Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda without arranging fund for it". 
  12. ^ "Enlargement of rail bridge over Ganga near Patna approved by CCEA". one india news. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  13. ^ "'Digha-Sonepur bridge to be inaugurated soon Aug 6,2015'". 
  14. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Rlys-may-miss-deadline-to-open-Digha-bridge/articleshow/48059823.cms
  15. ^ "Loco makes smooth trial run on Digha-Sonepur bridge Aug 8,2015". 
  16. ^ "Ircon executes landmarkrailway projects in Bihar". 
  17. ^ "Express-train cheer for Digha rail bridge". The Telegraph. 4 July 2016. 
  18. ^ a b "‘Rail bridge over Ganga would be nation’s pride’". Chennai, India: The Hindu, 13 October 2009. 2009-10-13. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  19. ^ "Trains in India". PPPNOW.com. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  20. ^ "Ganga River Railroad Bridge at Patna". Structurae. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  21. ^ "Trains run on Ganga bridge, end 18-year-long wait". 
  22. ^ "NaMo flags off train to Lucknow". 
  23. ^ "Million dreams on tracks–Commuters happy with new railway link to north Bihar". 
  24. ^ "More trains to originate from Pataliputra Junction". 
  25. ^ http://indiarailinfo.com/train/raxaul-patliputra-intercity-express-15202-rxl-to-hjp/594/2314/700
  26. ^ http://indiarailinfo.com/train/gorakhpur-sonpur-passenger-via-bettiah-55042-gkp-to-see/6085
  27. ^ http://runningstatus.in/status/sonpur-passenger-55209
  28. ^ http://indiarailinfo.com/train/gorakhpur-patliputra-passenger-via-kaptanganj-55008-the-to-cw/7104/4969/937
  29. ^ http://runningstatus.in/status/gorakhpur-passenger-55008
  30. ^ http://runningstatus.in/status/sonpur-passenger-55007
  31. ^ http://indiarailinfo.com/train/patliputra-barauni-demu-75216-ppta-to-bju/41115/10103/558
  32. ^ "2016 New year hopes for railway link". 
  33. ^ http://indiarailinfo.com/train/patliputra-narkatiaganj-intercityexpress-25201-sgl-to-nke/753/563/565
  34. ^ "Digha-Pahleja rail bridge gets go-ahead". 
  35. ^ "दीघा-सोनपुर रेल पुल को लेकर शहीद का मना शहादत दिवस". 
  36. ^ "Digha–Sonepur rail bridge has an eventful past". Times of India, 2 February 2002. 2002-02-02. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  37. ^ Kumod Verma (February 2, 2016). "Train to run on Digha–Sonepur bridge today". Times of India. 
  38. ^ Kumod Verma and HK Verma (February 3, 2016). "Trains run on Ganga bridge, end 18-year-long wait". Times of India. 
  39. ^ H K Verma (22 December 2015). "Saran residents await opening of Digha bridge". Times of India. 
  40. ^ "Railway kicks roll on off". 
  41. ^ "ट्रेन पर सवार होकर गंगा पार गए ट्रक, रेलवे की हुई कमाई". 
  42. ^ "Trains to ferry trucks, take load off Setu". 
  43. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/economy/indian-railways-launch-ro-ro-service-to-attract-more-loadings/265851/
  44. ^ "ECR changes destination of ‘roll on-roll off’ to Danapur". 
  45. ^ "Mahatma Gandhi Setu the Longest River Bridge in India". General Knowledge Quiz. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  46. ^ "Vikramshila Setu". Bhagalpur, Land of Art, Culture and Education. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  47. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Minister-flags-off-passenger-train-between-Begusarai-and-Jamalpur/articleshow/51784275.cms
  48. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/bihar-gets-allocation-of-rs-3171-crore-in-rail-budget/1/605456.html
  49. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report-pm-modi-inaugurates-three-major-railway-projects-worth-rs-7000-crore-in-bihar-2188606
  50. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/New-Mokama-rail-bridge-likely-to-be-completed-in-4-yrs/articleshow/51385623.cms
  51. ^ "Nitish inaugurates construction of Ganga bridge connecting Bakhtiyarpur – Tajpur: bridge to open in 2015". Bihar Days. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  52. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1150824/jsp/bihar/story_38745.jsp#.VxDW_TB95dg
  53. ^ Singh, Rakesh K. (2010-12-30). "Ganga link to connect Ara & Chhapra". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph, 30 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  54. ^ "Four-lane connector over Sone, Ganga". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph, 8 April 2011. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 

External links[edit]

External video
Ganga Rail-Cum-Road Bridge construction, Patna