Gangajalghati (community development block)

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Gangajalghati
গঙ্গাজলঘাটী
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Gangajalghati is located in West Bengal
Gangajalghati
Gangajalghati
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°25′N 87°07′E / 23.42°N 87.12°E / 23.42; 87.12Coordinates: 23°25′N 87°07′E / 23.42°N 87.12°E / 23.42; 87.12
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 366.47 km2 (141.49 sq mi)
Elevation 83 m (272 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 180,974
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722 133 (Gangajalghati)
Telephone/STD code 03242
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 68.11%
Lok Sabha constituency Bankura
Vidhan Sabha constituency Saltora, Barjora
Website bankura.gov.in

Gangajalghati is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bankura Sadar subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Gangajalghati is located at 23°25′N 87°07′E / 23.42°N 87.12°E / 23.42; 87.12.[2] It has an average elevation of 110 metres (361 feet).

Gangajalghati CD Block is located in the north-western part of the district. The Main Bankura Upland, of which Gangajalghati CD Block is a part, is characterised by undulating terrain with many hills and ridges. The area is having a gradual descent from the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The soil is laterite red and hard beds are covered with scrub jungle and sal wood.[3]

Gangajalghati CD Block is bounded by Mejia CD Block on the north, Barjora CD Block on the east, Bankura II CD Block on the south and Chhatna and Saltora CD Blocks on the west.[4][5]

It is located 25 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[4]

Gangajalghati CD Block has an area of 366.47 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 138 gram sansads (village councils), 165 mouzas and 156 inhabited villages. Gangajalghati police station serves this block.[6] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Amarkanan.[7][8]

Gram panchayats of Gangajalghati block/ panchayat samiti are: Ban Asuria, Barsol, Bhaktabandh, Gangajalghati, Gobindadham, Kapista, Lachmanpur, Latiabani, Nityandapur and Pirrabani.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Gangajalghati CD Block had a total population of 180,974, all of which were rural. There were 93,252 (52%) males and 87,722 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,412. Scheduled Castes numbered 63,832 (35.27%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 7,160 (3.96%).[10]

In the 2001 census, Gangajalghati community development bloc had a total population of 161,919 of which 83,060 were males and 78,869 were females. Decadal growth for the period 1991-2001 was 12.76% for Gangajalghati, against 13.79% in Bankura district.[11] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%.[12]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Gangajalghati CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Gangajalghati (8,798), Keshiara (6,922) and Bhairabpur (4,669).[10]

Other villages in Gangajalghati CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Pirrabani (2,252), Kapistha (3,757), Gobinda Dham (3,650), Lachmanpur (3,117), Latiabani (2,847), Barsal (2,550), Nityanandapur (2,151), Ban Ashuria (2,078) and Bhakta Band (1,850).[10]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Gangajalghati CD Block was 108,675 (68.11% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 65,451 (79.79% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 43,224 (55.75%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 24.04%.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[4]

Religion in Gangajalghati CD Block
Hindu
97.34%
Muslim
0.15%
Christian
0.05%
Others
2.46%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 176,168 and formed 97.34% of the population in Gangajalghati CD Block. Muslims numbered 279 and formed 0.15% of the population. Christians numbered 82 and formed 0.05% of the population. Others numbered 4,445 and formed 2.46% of the population.[13] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[14] and other religious communities.[13]

BPL families[edit]

In Gangajalghati CD Block 41.08% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[15]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

155 or 94% of mouzas in Gangajalghati CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

163 mouzas in Gangajalghati CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 47 fertiliser depots, 6 seed stores and 59 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

In Bankura district in 2010-11, 34.92% of the operational holdings were held in marginal holdings of less than 1 hectare by 68.22% of the holders. Another 31.16% of the operational holdings were held in small holdings between 1 and 2 hectares by 21.05% of the holders. In Bankura district, 23,389 hectares of vested land was distributed amongst 191,915 beneficiaries up to 31 October 2013.[16]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Gangajalghati CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 7.85%, patta (document) holders 12.32%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.90%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 22.37% and agricultural labourers 50.56%.[16]

In 2003-04 net area sown in Gangajalghati CD Block was 22,335 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 893 hectares.[17]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Gangajalghati CD Block was 7,268 hectares, out of which 443 hectares was by canal water, 6,095 hectares by tank water, 480 hectares by river lift irrigation, 5 hectares by shallow tubewells and 245 hectares by open dug wells.[16]

In 2013-14, Gangajalghati CD Block produced 5,781 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 2.109 hectares, 12 tonnes of wheat from 12 hectares and 29,539,000 tonnes of potatoes from 1,010 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[16]

Power[edit]

In 1996 Mejia Thermal Power Station was set up by Damodar Valley Corporation at Durlabhpur. It has an installed capacity of 2340 MW – 4 units of 210 MW each, 2 units of 250 MW each and 2 units of 500 MW each.[18]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Gangajalghati CD Block had 427 looms in operation.[19]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 65 families were involved in Gangajalghati CD Block.[20]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Gangajalghati CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 4 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Gangajalghati CD Block had 9 originating/ terminating bus routes.The nearest railway station is 15 km from the CD Block headquarters.[16]

NH 14, (old numbering NH 60), running from Morgram to Kharagpur, passes through this CD Block.[21]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Gangajalghati CD Block had 166 primary schools with 13,461 students, 14 middle schools with 2,961 students, 11 high schools with 7,484 students and 12 higher secondary schools with 8,337 students. Gangajalghati CD Block had 1 general college with 1,312 students, 1 professional/ technical institution with 63 students and 280 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,522 students. Gangajalghati CD Block had 10 mass literacy centres.[22]

Gobindaprasad Mahavidyalaya was established at Amarkanan in 1985 to pay homage to Gobinda Prasad Singha, an Indian independence activist.[23]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Gangajalghati CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 75 beds and 8 doctors. It had 30 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 6,832 patients were treated indoor and 260,807 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[24]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gangajalghati
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "Gangajal Ghati Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook: Bankura" (PDF). Map of Bankura with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "Bankura District" (PDF). Gangajalghati. Bankura district administration. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Damodar Valley Corporation". Generating Units. DVC. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4, 4.6. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "Gobinda Prasad Mahavidyalaya". GPV. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  24. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2016.