|Owned by||Gangavaram Port Ltd.|
|Size||2,800 acres (11 km2)|
|Annual cargo tonnage||18.04 million tonnes(2016-17)|
|Railways around Visakhapatnam|
Gangavaram Port, located in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, is India's deepest port. Inaugurated in July 2009, it has a depth of 21m. It is managed by Gangavaram Port Ltd., a special-purpose company floated by Mr. DVS Raju, who serves as its chairman and managing director. The company is owned by the DVS Raju Group (59%), global Private Equity firm Warburg Pincus (30%) and the Andhra Pradesh Government (11%).
Construction of the port began in December 2005, and commercial operations commenced in August 2008. The port was formally inaugurated on 12 July 2009, by the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy.
The port is located where Borramma Gedda river joins the sea. Fishermen in the Gangavaram and Dibbapalem villages, who were directly affected by the construction of the port, demanded construction of an alternative jetty at Yarada and a relief and rehabilitation package.
The DVS Raju group invested Rs. 18.50 billion in the development of the port. Gangavaram Port Ltd. has taken a loan of Rs. 11.70 billion from a consortium of 13 banks, including the State Bank of India, to fund the Phase I development.
Comparisons with the Vizag port
The first client of the Gangavaram Port Ltd. is the Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd., which runs the Vizag Steel Plant, and earlier used the Visakhapatnam Port. The Gangavaram Port Ltd. plans to build conveyors for taking imported raw materials directly to the Vizag Steel plant, in order to reduce the railway transportation costs.
The Union Government of India, which owns the Visakhapatnam port, had proposed a joint venture between the Visakhapatnam port and the private operator of the Gangavaram port to make sure that the Visakhapatnam port's business remains unaffected. However, this proposal was rejected by the then Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, N. Chandrababu Naidu.
DVS Raju, while talking to reporters during the port's inauguration ceremony, insisted that it would be "complementary in nature" to the Visakhapatnam port, and not a competitor.
The Gangavaram port handled 20.74 million tonnes of cargo during 2014-15 as against 15.81 million tonnes during the previous financial year.
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- "CM to inaugurate Gangavaram port". The Hindu Business Line. 11 July 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2009.
- "A hill stands between Andhra fishermen, Gangavaram port". The Hindu Business Line. 29 March 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2009.
- "Gangavaram port to expand capacity in a phased manner". Highbeam. 12 July 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Govt to build flyover to Gangavaram port". The Times of India. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2009.
- "Gangavaram port handles 20.74 mt of cargo".
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