Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
|Autonomous territory||Gilgit Baltistan|
|• Total||4,052 km2 (1,564 sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Ghanche District(Urdu: ضلع گانچھے) (Balti: Gangchay) is the easternmost district of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. To its northeast is Xinjiang (China), to the north and northwest is Skardu District, to its west is Astore District and to its south is Ladakh of Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir. The Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) at the easternmost part of Ghanche District is located across the Saltoro Ridge. Territory east of the AGPL is currently controlled by India including the entire Siachen Glacier. It has been proposed by moderates in Pakistan and India to make the Siachen Glacier region a Peace Park. Pakistan controls west of Saltoro Ridge.
The capital of Ghanche District is Khaplu. This region is the coldest place within Pakistan also called the "Third Pole" with temperatures reaching below -20 °C in the winter. Khaplu Valley and Hushe Valley form the gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of Karakoram  that includes the mighty peaks of K2 (8,611 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m), Gasherbrums (8,000+ m) and Masherbrum (7,821 m) (all of which are included in the Skardu District).
The word Gangchay is Balti and means "glacier". It is locally used by natives of the Khaplu Valley for Ghanche Nallah (a Seasonal Stream) which flows in between the Khaplu town during summer season. When the Pakistani government gave it the grade of district, people of the valley selected the name of "Ghanche" willingly.
Khaplu consists of 56 blocks, each block containing many villages and these blocks have been divided into three subdivisions: Khaplu, Daghoni and Masherbrum. Four villages of Chorbat Valley were lost by Indian invasion in 1971. They were Chalunka, Tyakshi, Thang and Turtuk. Some of them are given in the chart below.
|Name of Village/Town||Muhallahs in the Village/Town|
|Khaplu Bala||Mouldomar, Sargaib, Stodkhoor (Braqchansar, Khanser (Murshid Abad) Banpi, Hundili Gharalti, Laxar), Khanqah, Naqzigroung, Gamba Bathong, Goma Bathong, Goma staqji (Muhsinabad), Langkhong (Islamabad), Hatchhe khar, Hatchhe, Tasawof Abad Hatchhe, Dinis(faizbaksh sector), Gamba Bngriya, goma Bngriya, Doqsa (Sofia Abad) Garbochung,|
|Khaplu Pain||Kraming, Malaliwa, Ansoq, Kongbozang, Gongmayar, Baqerpi gund. Mekxerpi, Goqpi Mirpiser, Thaskong, Ghares, Morgoto, Helam groung, Braqchan, Chaqchan, mongrong, Beadenday, Hipi, Askari gond, Chilabatigond, Kowakhong, Stronpi, Konowa, Khsergroung, Garboung|
|Kharkoo||Mandik, Arapa, Malayar, Thana Gamba Trangzong, Gongma Trangzong, Garbong, Youskil, Piyara, Shopacholi, Lahar, Sogha|
|Chorbat||Siksa (Kalan, Sokhmos), Chowar, Siari, Pion, Hassanabad, Ameerabad, Dawoo, Marcha, Partook, Thoqmus, Franu|
|Saling||Banpi Gabkhore, Doqbar, Biliggrong, Sotol, Gond|
|Thagas||Olday Groung, Garbi Groung, Kharat, Arif Abad, Chansoq, Newti Chan, Farol, Baqmacho, Kharkhor, Bandy Groung, Arappi Groung, Ool, Tholdi, Dung.|
|Ghawari||Ghulu Khor, Manjar, Sain (Hill Town), Chogo Grong, Shahoba, Zangi Ba, Manowa, Sobi Gon, Rahinpi Khor, Mala Abdul pi khor, Mayokhor, Duskhor, Soq, Gintha|
|Kuro||Farool, Khankah grong, Sato, Gharaqpi gond, Katchurdas,|
|Gulshan-e-Kabir||Tranzong, Gonpon, Kharkhor (Kharkhor & Bongri), Farol (Gapkhor & Yarol)|
|Talis||Nima bazar, hussani chock,|
|Surmo||Choghogrong, Tarkari, Tishari, Gond, Khar|
|Kundos||Karmanding, Choghogrong, Lachat, Thang, Hano, Khorkondo|
|Machulu||Ashurpi, Malikpi, Manthalpi, Khadi, Badawa, Hilbi, Mallon, Teshari, Marin, Bongri, Baqdurpi|
|BARA Valley Baltistan||Gumba BARA (Hilfiyuoq, Kharfiyouq, Bara Gond, BrouqPa, Thupori), Gungma BARA (Spinpi, Sampa, MantholPa, Khanka, Pandiva, ChounPa, Mirikpa, Shourova, MominPa, QadeerPa, Tatous)|
|Thalay||Haltagari Baltoro, daltir, yarkhor, taso, harangus, parangus, chondu, khasomik, bordas, gaworic, lodas.|
All the people living in Ghanche are Muslims and mostly people belong to Nurbakhshi (90%) branch of Islam whereas rest of the 10% are Shia Ithna-ashri and Sunni Muslims. A religious leader locally called ‘Bowa’ has very important place in society.
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Ghanche is ranked 54 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 98 out of 148.
- Geography of Gilgit-Baltistan
- Districts of Gilgit–Baltistan
- 2012 Siachen Glacier avalanche
- "The serenity of Ghanche: Of mountains, rivers and valleys".
- "Mapping education in Pakistan 2015".
- "Rifts within Nurbakhshiyas: Dozens arrested after clashes in Ghanche Valley".
- "Khaplu — off the beaten path".
- Balghari, Sajjad H:"Sayyid Muhammad Nurbakhsh Qahistani", Monthly Nawa-i-Sufia, Islamabad, Issoue No.12, 1995
- "History of Ganche and places to see". Archived from the original on 2013-06-18.
- Arz-e-Shimal by Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Zair
- "Turtuk, a Promised Land Between Two Hostile Neighbours".
- "An encounter with the 'king' of Turtuk, a border village near Gilgit-Baltistan".
- "geography of baltistan".
- District Body Ghanche
- "Individual district profile link, 2015". Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 2015-05-07.