Ghanche District

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Ghanche District
ضلع گانچھے
District
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
Map of Gilgit–Baltistan with Ghanche District highlighted in maroon.
Country  Pakistan
Autonomous territory  Gilgit Baltistan
Division Baltistan
Capital Khaplu
Area
 • Total 4,052 km2 (1,564 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 88,366
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Website www.visitgilgitbaltistan.gov.pk

Ghanche District(Urdu: ضلع گانچھے‎) (Balti: Gangchay) is the easternmost district of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan.[1][2][3] To its northeast is Xinjiang (China), to the north and northwest is Skardu District, to its west is Astore District and to its south is Ladakh of Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir. The Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) at the easternmost part of Ghanche District is located across the Saltoro Ridge. Territory east of the AGPL is currently controlled by India including the entire Siachen Glacier. It has been proposed by moderates in Pakistan and India to make the Siachen Glacier region a Peace Park. Pakistan controls west of Saltoro Ridge.

The capital of Ghanche District is Khaplu.[4] This region is the coldest place within Pakistan also called the "Third Pole" with temperatures reaching below -20 °C in the winter. Khaplu Valley and Hushe Valley form the gateway for the great Baltoro Muztagh, the subrange of Karakoram [5] that includes the mighty peaks of K2 (8,611 m), Broad Peak (8,047 m), Gasherbrums (8,000+ m) and Masherbrum (7,821 m) (all of which are included in the Skardu District).[6]

Etymology[edit]

The word Gangchay is Balti and means "glacier". It is locally used by natives of the Khaplu Valley for Ghanche Nallah (a Seasonal Stream) which flows in between the Khaplu town during summer season. When the Pakistani government gave it the grade of district, people of the valley selected the name of "Ghanche" willingly.[7]

Administration[edit]

An evening at Goma village, Ghanche, Gilgit and Baltistan in Pakistan was taken just before the start of winter season.

Khaplu consists of 56 blocks, each block containing many villages and these blocks have been divided into three subdivisions: Khaplu, Daghoni and Masherbrum. Four villages of Chorbat Valley were lost by Indian invasion in 1971.[8][9] They were Chalunka, Tyakshi, Thang and Turtuk.[10] Some of them are given in the chart below.

Name of Village/Town[11] Muhallahs in the Village/Town
Khaplu Bala Mouldomar, Sargaib, Stodkhoor (Braqchansar, Khanser (Murshid Abad) Banpi, Hundili Gharalti, Laxar), Khanqah, Naqzigroung, Gamba Bathong, Goma Bathong, Goma staqji (Muhsinabad), Langkhong (Islamabad), Hatchhe khar, Hatchhe, Tasawof Abad Hatchhe, Dinis(faizbaksh sector), Gamba Bngriya, goma Bngriya, Doqsa (Sofia Abad) Garbochung,
Khaplu Pain Kraming, Malaliwa, Ansoq, Kongbozang, Gongmayar, Baqerpi gund. Mekxerpi, Goqpi Mirpiser, Thaskong, Ghares, Morgoto, Helam groung, Braqchan, Chaqchan, mongrong, Beadenday, Hipi, Askari gond, Chilabatigond, Kowakhong, Stronpi, Konowa, Khsergroung, Garboung
Kharkoo Mandik, Arapa, Malayar, Thana Gamba Trangzong, Gongma Trangzong, Garbong, Youskil, Piyara, Shopacholi, Lahar, Sogha
Haldi
Chorbat Siksa (Kalan, Sokhmos), Chowar, Siari, Pion, Hassanabad, Ameerabad, Dawoo, Marcha, Partook, Thoqmus, Franu
Saling Banpi Gabkhore, Doqbar, Biliggrong, Sotol, Gond
Thagas Olday Groung, Garbi Groung, Kharat, Arif Abad, Chansoq, Newti Chan, Farol, Baqmacho, Kharkhor, Bandy Groung, Arappi Groung, Ool, Tholdi, Dung.
Yugo Baqir Colony
Ghawari Ghulu Khor, Manjar, Sain (Hill Town), Chogo Grong, Shahoba, Zangi Ba, Manowa, Sobi Gon, Rahinpi Khor, Mala Abdul pi khor, Mayokhor, Duskhor, Soq, Gintha
Kuro Farool, Khankah grong, Sato, Gharaqpi gond, Katchurdas,
Gulshan-e-Kabir Tranzong, Gonpon, Kharkhor (Kharkhor & Bongri), Farol (Gapkhor & Yarol)
Ghursay
Talis Nima bazar, hussani chock,
Saltoro
Surmo Choghogrong, Tarkari, Tishari, Gond, Khar
Kundos Karmanding, Choghogrong, Lachat, Thang, Hano, Khorkondo
Machulu Ashurpi, Malikpi, Manthalpi, Khadi, Badawa, Hilbi, Mallon, Teshari, Marin, Bongri, Baqdurpi
Balghar Lahar, marmung
Hushe
BARA Valley Baltistan Gumba BARA (Hilfiyuoq, Kharfiyouq, Bara Gond, BrouqPa, Thupori), Gungma BARA (Spinpi, Sampa, MantholPa, Khanka, Pandiva, ChounPa, Mirikpa, Shourova, MominPa, QadeerPa, Tatous)
Thalay Haltagari Baltoro, daltir, yarkhor, taso, harangus, parangus, chondu, khasomik, bordas, gaworic, lodas.

Religion[edit]

All the people living in Ghanche are Muslims and mostly people belong to Nurbakhshi (90%) branch of Islam whereas rest of the 10% are Shia Ithna-ashri and Sunni Muslims. A religious leader locally called ‘Bowa’ has very important place in society.

Education[edit]

According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2015, Ghanche is ranked 54 out of 148 districts in terms of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 98 out of 148.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]