Ganglion cell layer

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Ganglion cell layer
Section of retina. (Ganglionic layer labeled at right, third from the top.)
Plan of retinal neurons. (Ganglionic layer labeled at left, third from the top.)
Latin stratum ganglionicum retinae
Gray's p.1016
TA A15.2.04.016
FMA 58687
Anatomical terminology

The ganglion cell layer (ganglionic layer) is a layer of the retina that consists of retinal ganglion cells and displaced amacrine cells.

In the macula lutea, the layer forms several strata.[citation needed]

The cells are somewhat flask-shaped; the rounded internal surface of each resting on the stratum opticum, and sending off an axon which is prolonged into it.

From the opposite end numerous dendrites extend into the inner plexiform layer, where they branch and form flattened arborizations at different levels.

The ganglion cells vary much in size, and the dendrites of the smaller ones as a rule arborize in the inner plexiform layer as soon as they enter it; while those of the larger cells ramify close to the inner nuclear layer.


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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