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MahaKalika Temple at Gangolihat
MahaKalika Temple at Gangolihat
Gangolihat is located in Uttarakhand
Location in Uttarakhand, India
Gangolihat is located in India
Gangolihat (India)
Coordinates: 29°40′N 80°03′E / 29.67°N 80.05°E / 29.67; 80.05Coordinates: 29°40′N 80°03′E / 29.67°N 80.05°E / 29.67; 80.05
Country India
1,760 m (5,770 ft)
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUK

Gangolihat is a small Himalayan hill town in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand, India. It is tehsil and sub divisional headquarters of the district. Gangolihat is known for its Shakti Peethas of Hat Kalika of goddess Kali.[1] Nearby at 'Patal Bhubneshwar', caves are major tourist attraction. Also nearby are the tiny hill stations of Chaukori and Berinag.From Gangolihat Panchchuli peaks and Nanda Devi are clearly visible.


Gangolihat is located at 29°29′N 80°03′E / 29.48°N 80.05°E / 29.48; 80.05.[2] It has an average elevation of 1,760 metres (5,773 feet). It is 78 km from Pithoragarh. The main town is at a hill top. The region is surrounded by two rivers Saryu and Ramganga. Which meet at Ghat at the foothill of the region. These two rivers make it like a Garland on the shoulders of mighty Himalaya. These two rivers gave the name to the region Gang (River in local dialect) + Awali (Garland) making Gangawali. Which became Gangoli later on. and Hat were the main markets/ gathering place for local people in past. Which made the name of Gangolihat.

Gangolihat is native of Mehta, Pant, Karki, Kothari, Bhatt's(at Futsil&balatari), Joshi's, Khati Gusain, Upreti's, Pathak's, Pargai and Mahara. Negi's, Bisht, Rawal's, Verma's, Shah, Bora, Dasoni, and Aryas are other major surnames found.

Places of interest[edit]

Hills view from Gangolihat

Gangolihaat is the site of a number of ancient temples and caves, including the templates of 'Haat Kalika', 'Ambika Dewaal', 'Chamunda Mandir', and 'Vaishnavi Mandir'. From 'Vaishnavi Mandir' it is possible to clearly view the Himalayas. This temple is situated on a mountain that is called 'Shail Parvat', which is notable in Hindu holy books.

The caves in Gangolihaat include 'Patal Bhuvneshwar', 'Shailashwer Gufa' and 'Mukteshwar Gufa'. A cave has also been recently[when?] found and that is called 'Bholeshwar Gufa'. The peak Bhurgottam near village Mallagrkha is famous as place of Maharishi Bhrigu who was one of the seven great sages, the Saptarshis.[citation needed]

'Haat Kalika Mandir' was chosen by Adi Guru Sankaracharya for installation of one of the Shakti_Peethas. It is believed that the Original Goddess Kalika Mata, which supposed to be in West Bangal, shifted her place form Bangal to Gangolihat. Posthumous Param Veer Chakra award winner Captain Bikram Batra was a great devotee of Goddess. The goddess Mahakali is the designated goddess of the Kumaun Regiment. Kumaun regiment has created an Army Rest House near the Temple for Army Personnel, who come Gangloihat to get the blessing of Goddess.

There are historical monuments made during 8-11th century near the temple. Which is a site preserved by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). It depicts the nervelessness of the artistic creation at that time.

The highest peak in the range, Lankeshwar is a great picnic place. The view of greenery rich valleys of Kumaun Himalayas from this hilltop is memorable and heavenly.


External links[edit]