From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
განთიადი (Georgian)
Цандрыҧшь (Abkhaz)

Urban-type settlement
Basilica in Gantiadi (6th century AD)
Basilica in Gantiadi (6th century AD)
Location in Abkhazia
Location in Abkhazia
Gantiadi is located in Georgia (country)
Location in Georgia
Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083Coordinates: 43°22′N 40°05′E / 43.367°N 40.083°E / 43.367; 40.083
Country Georgia (Abkhazia[note 1])
District Gagra
 • Mayor Albert Tarkil[1]
 • First Deputy Mayor Karapet Karagozyan[1]
 • Second Deputy Mayor Grigori Kasparyan[1]
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,170
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)

Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი; Russian: Гантиади) or Tsandryphsh (Abkhaz: Цандрыҧшь; Russian: Цандрыпш), is an urban-type settlement on the Black Sea coast in Georgia in the Gagra District of Abkhazia,[note 1] 5 km from the Russian border.



Gantiadi in historical times, was known as Sauchi (Russian: Саучи). Then, until 1944 as Yermolov, after the Russian general Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov. From 1944 until 1991, settlement was known as Gantiadi (Georgian: განთიადი, Russian: Гантиади), from the Georgian word for Dawn. After the 1992-93 war in Abkhazia Gantiadi was renamed as Tsandrypsh by de facto government, but name Gantiadi is still used informally among Abkhazians and widely in other languages.[2] Name Tsandrypsh derives from the princely family Tsanba.


Gantiadi is said to be the historical capital of the principality of Saniga before the 6th century AD. It later became the capital of Sadzen.[2]


At the time of the 2011 Census, Gantiadi had a population of 5,170. Of these, 55.9% were Armenians, 19.6% Abkhaz, 18.4% Russians, 1.2% Ukrainians, 0.9% Georgians and 0.7% Greeks.[3]

Main sights[edit]

Tsandryphsh houses 6th century Georgian Christian church.[4] Joseph Stalin's personal residence is also located here.[citation needed]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.


  1. ^ a b c "Администрация городов, сёл и посёлков Гагрского района". Gagra DistrictAdministration. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Pashkov, O.V. (2010). Поселок Цандрипш (Цандрыпш) (in Russian). Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  3. ^ 2011 Census results
  4. ^ V. Jaoshvili, R. Rcheulishvili, Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, V. 2, p. 680, Tbilisi, 1977.