Gants Hill tube station
Location of Gants Hill in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Redbridge|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||2|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|1942-1945||Tunnels used by Plessey electronics as a munitions factory during the war|
|14 December 1947||Opened|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portal|
Gants Hill is a London Underground station in the Gants Hill district of Ilford in East London. It is served by the Central line and is in Zone 4. It is the easternmost station to be entirely below ground on the London Underground network. It is also the busiest station on the Hainault loop of the Central line.
As part of the 1935–40 New Works Programme, the Central line was to be extended in both directions. This included an extension to Epping and Ongar in Essex, sharing tracks with the London & North Eastern Railway suburban branch from just south of Leyton to Epping and Ongar, and the Fairlop Loop (now known as Hainault Loop) built by Great Eastern Railway between Woodford and Newbury Park. A new underground line between Leytonstone and Newbury Park was to be constructed, running mostly under Eastern Avenue so as to serve the new suburbs of north Ilford and the Hainault Loop, completing the loop.[note 1] During planning, the names "Ilford North" and "Cranbrook" were considered for this station.
Construction began in the 1930s but was suspended in June 1940 due to the outbreak of the Second World War. During the war, the station was used as an air raid shelter and the unused tunnels as a munitions factory for Plessey electronics.[note 2] Construction restarted after the war ended, with the station finally completed and opened on 14 December 1947 as an extension from Leytonstone to Newbury Park.
Services and connections
- 3tph anti-clockwise to Woodford via Hainault
- 6tph eastbound to Hainault via Newbury Park
- 3tph eastbound to Newbury Park
- 9tph westbound to Ealing Broadway
- 3tph westbound to White City
Many London Bus routes serve the station, with bus stops on all the main roads joining Gants Hill Roundabout - Eastern Avenue, Cranbrook Road and Woodford Avenue. Destinations include Ilford town centre, Romford, Leytonstone, Loughton and Wood Green.
The station, like many others on the same branch, was designed by notable Tube architect Charles Holden. During the station's planning phase Holden had worked as a consultant for the Moscow Metro, and his design for Gants Hill was inspired by many of the stations on the Russian capital's system. There are three escalators from the ticket office to the platforms. Unlike Redbridge and Wanstead, the station is not Grade II listed due to no surface buildings despite having Russian style platforms.
The station has no surface buildings due to its location under Gants Hill roundabout.
In 2008, as part of a £12 million investment on installation of wide aisle gates across the network, the station was installed with these gates to allow customers with pushchairs or luggage to pass through the ticket gates without staff assistance.
Notes and references
- South of Newbury Park, the west-facing junction with the Great Eastern Main Line closed in 1948 to allow the expansion of Ilford carriage depot while Seven Kings Junction was closed in 1956, thus forming the Hainault Loop.
- The factory opened in March 1942 which provided employment for 2000 people; production lasted until 1945. The factory extended almost 5 miles with about 300,000 sq. ft. of space.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 142.
- Transport for London (July 2017). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 August 2017.
- "Central Line". Railfanning London's Railways. City Transport Info. 31 December 2016. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 116.
- Croome & Jackson 1993, p. 291.
- Brennand 2006, p. IV.
- Connor 2007, p. IV.
- Harris 2006, p. 29.
- "Remembrance Sunday: The Secret Munitions Factory in the Underground tunnels at Gants Hill". Ilford Recorder. 10 November 2012. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "Factory in an Uncompleted London Tube Tunnel". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 92 no. 563. Westminster: Railway Publishing Co. May–June 1946. p. 160.
- Croome & Jackson 1993, p. 288.
- Croome & Jackson 1993, p. 287, 291.
- Feather, Clive (19 June 2017). "Central line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- Gants Hill Station / Cranbrook Road - Bus
- "Say What You Like About Joseph Stalin, At Least He Made The Underground Trains Run On Time". PooterGeek. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- Lawrence, David (1994). Underground Architecture. Harrow: Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-160-0.
- "Tube Stations that Have No Surface Buildings". Tube Facts and Figures. Geofftech. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "Easier Journeys as Mayor Announces the Installation of New Wide Aisle Gates at Gants Hill, Upney, Elm Park, East Ham and Dagenham Heathway Tube Stations" (Press release). Transport for London. 8 October 2008. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- Brennand, Dave (2006). Ilford to Shenfield. Middleton Press. ISBN 1-901706-97-4.
- Connor, J E (2007). Branch Line to Ongar. Middleton Press. ISBN 978-1-906008-05-5.
- Croome, D.; Jackson, A (1993). Rails Through The Clay — A History Of London's Tube Railways (2nd ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-151-1.
- Day, John R; Reed, John (2010) . The Story of London's Underground (11th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-341-9.
- Harris, Cyril M. (2006) . What's in a name?. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-241-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gants Hill tube station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive - Entrance to station in 1953, with low roof of ticket hall visible in background
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|