Hancavičy

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Hancavičy
Ганцавічы
Official seal of Hancavičy
Seal
Hancavičy is located in Belarus
Hancavičy
Hancavičy
Coordinates: 52°51′27″N 26°28′55″E / 52.85750°N 26.48194°E / 52.85750; 26.48194
Country  Belarus
Region Brest Region
Raion Hancavičy district
Founded 1898
Population (2015)
 • Total 14 043
Time zone FET (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) FET (UTC+3)
Postal code 225432
Area code(s) +375 1646
License plate 1

Hancavičy (Belarusian: Ганцавічы, [ˈɣant͡savʲitʂɨ]), (Russian: Ганцевичи, [ˈɡantsəvʲɪtɕɪ], Polish: Hancewicze) is a city in the Brest Region of Belarus, an administrative center of the Hancavičy district.

There is a Volga-type radar near Hancavičy(52°51′27″N 26°28′55″E / 52.85750°N 26.48194°E / 52.85750; 26.48194) which is a part of the Russian early warning radar system (until 2020).

Etymology[edit]

According to Belarusian toponymist Vadzim Žučkievič name "Hancavičy" comes from surname Hancevič.[1]

History[edit]

Before WWII, 60% of the population was Jewish. In the ‘20s and ‘30s there were four synagogues, a Jewish library, an orphanage, a Tarbut school and school in Yiddish. Under Polish administration, in 1939, the town was occupied by Soviets. The German army arrived on June 29, 1941.

From June 30 to July 01, 1941, a pogrom occurred in which 16 Jews were murdered. On August 15, 1941, 350 Jewish men were executed in the forest 11km away from Gantsevichi. 600 Jews were shot in the town’s market place. During another aktion 1,000 Jewish men were taken to the forest 1km away and shot dead. A concentration work camp was established in November 1941. Besides the local Jews, there were 230 Lenin Jews and 120 native to Pogost. Small executions of 70-150 Jews took place constantly. During one of those executions, 100 Jewish refugees from Warsaw, along with two local families, Fish and Zeiger, were executed and buried in the Peski ravine. On August 14, 1942, more than 300 Jews fled the camp and others were shot. In all, during the occupation, 3,500 Jews were murdered by the Nazis in the district of Gantsevichi, including 1,500 women and 850 children.[2]

Population[edit]

  • 1897 — 633[3]
  • 1909 — 1026[4]
  • 1970 — 5 200[5]
  • 1973 — 6 900
  • 1991 — 14 500[6]
  • 2006 — 14 700
  • 2008 — 14 800
  • 2015 - 14 043[7]

Education[edit]

There are 3 schools, 1 gymnasium, agricultural lyceum and a special boarding school in Hancavičy.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Жучкевіч, В. (1974). Кароткі тапанімічны слоўнік Беларусі. Мінск: Выдавецтва БДУ. 
  2. ^ http://yahadmap.org/#village/gantsevichi-brest-belarus.391
  3. ^ Малішэўскі, У.А.; Пабока, П.М. (1991). Ганцавічы // Нашы гарады: грамадска-палітычнае даведачнае выданне. Мінск: Народная асвета. 
  4. ^ Віталь Герасіменя. Першыя крокі на Ганцавіцкі краязнаўчы музэй
  5. ^ Прохоров, А.М. (1969). Большая советская энциклопедия, 3-е изд.: в 30 т.. Москва: Советская энциклопедия. 
  6. ^ Шишков, В.П. (1998). Большой энциклопедический словарь. Москва: НИ «Большая Российская энциклопедия». 
  7. ^ Statistical Bulletin «Численность населения на 1 января 2015 г. и среднегодовая численность населения за 2014 год по Республике Беларусь в разрезе областей, районов, городов, поселков городского типа».


Coordinates: 52°45′N 26°26′E / 52.750°N 26.433°E / 52.750; 26.433