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Ganweriwala is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Shown within Punjab, Pakistan
Ganweriwala is located in Pakistan
Ganweriwala (Pakistan)
LocationBahawalpur District, Punjab, Pakistan
RegionCholistan Desert
Coordinates28°35′56″N 71°9′0″E / 28.59889°N 71.15000°E / 28.59889; 71.15000Coordinates: 28°35′56″N 71°9′0″E / 28.59889°N 71.15000°E / 28.59889; 71.15000[1][2]
Area81.5 ha (201 acres)[3]
Foundedc. 2500 BC
CulturesIndus Valley Civilization
Site notes
ArchaeologistsAurel Stein[4]
Mohammed Rafique Mughal
Sidra Gulzar[5][6]

Ganweriwala (Urdu: گنویريوالاPunjabi: گنیریوالا) is an Indus Valley Civilization site in the Cholistan Desert of southern Punjab, Pakistan.


Ganweriwala is situated near the Indian border on the dry river bed of the Ghaggar-Hakra, now part of a vast desert. It is spread over 80 hectares and comparable in size with the largest sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, such as Mohenjo-daro. But it has not been excavated, only identified. It may turn out to be among the top five largest towns of the Indus Valley Civilisation.[7]

Significant finds[edit]

Although excavation has yet to begin at this site, a stray find of a terracotta tablet is a significant find. In this seal, a cross legged person (suggesting a yogic posture) and a kneeling person below a tree and upon a tree are depicted.[8] Such kneeling persons on a tree, particularly in front of a tiger like animal, are shown in tablets or seals found at Harappa (H 163 a), Mohenjadaro (M 309 a) and Kalibangan (K 49a).[8] More recently Sidra Gulzar and Asko Parpola discovered an inscribed tablet from Ganweriwala that may ultimately help to solve the riddle of the Indus Valley script. Despite its degraded condition, one can see the horn of the missing “unicorn bull" to the bottom right, plus seven signs of the Indus script.[9][10]


It is equidistant from Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, situated in between these two ancient cities. In this aspect, the excavation may provide more information about this ancient civilisation.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Possehl, Gregory L. Indus age: the beginnings. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 758. Retrieved 29 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Journal of Central Asia. Centre for the Study of the Civilizations of Central Asia, Quaid-i-Azam University. p. 156. Retrieved 29 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Schmidt, Karl J. An Atlas and Survey of South Asian History. Routledge. p. 12. ISBN 9781317476818. Retrieved 29 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "A Brief Introduction to the Ancient Indus Civilization". Retrieved 16 May 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Sidra Gulzar - University of Gothenburg, Sweden". University of Gothenburg. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Sidra Gulzar (27 October 2014). "Archaeologik: The forgotten Indus Civilisation". Archaeologik. Retrieved 16 May 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ a b "Ancient Indus Sites". The Indus Civilization. Retrieved 20 June 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ a b [1]
  9. ^ Sidra Gulzar; Asko Parpola (19 May 2016). "CWA 77". World Archaeology: 7.
  10. ^ "New Indus Civilization inscription found - Research portal Tuhat - University of Helsinki". Retrieved 16 May 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)