Ganza language

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Native to Sudan, Ethiopia
Region Asosa Zone of Benishangul-Gumuz Region
Native speakers
3,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gza
Glottolog ganz1246[2]

Ganza (also Ganzo, Koma) (Arabic: غانزا) is an Afro-Asiatic language (Omotic), spoken in Sudan and in the western Benishangul-Gumuz region of Ethiopia, specifically in the village districts of Penishuba and Yabeldigis.

It also goes by the names Ganzo, Gwami, Koma, and Koma-Ganza.[3]


Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ ʔ̃
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative voiceless s ʃ h
voiced z
Approximant w l j
Trill r

Ganza does not utilize consonant length phonemically.[4]:106

Front Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a

Although vowel length is typically contrastive in Omotic languages, Ganza does not have a clear contrast between long and short vowel phonemes. Instead, Ganza has predictable utterance-final vowel lengthening and a set of monosyllabic words with double vowels.[4]:109


  • Smolders, Joshua. 2015. A Wordlist of Ganza. Addis Ababa: SIL Ethiopia


  1. ^ Ganza at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Ganza". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ "Ganza". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  4. ^ a b c d Smolders, Joshua (2016). "A Phonology of Ganza" (pdf). Linguistic Discovery. 14 (1): 86–144. doi:10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.470. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 

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