Ganza language

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Native toSudan, Ethiopia
RegionAsosa Zone of Benishangul-Gumuz Region
Native speakers
3,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3gza

Ganza (also Ganzo, Koma) (Arabic: غانزا) is an Omotic language spoken in Sudan and in the western Benishangul-Gumuz region of Ethiopia, specifically in the village districts of Penishuba and Yabeldigis.

It also goes by the names Ganzo, Gwami, Koma, and Koma-Ganza.[3]


Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
plain ejective plain ejective plain ejective
Nasal m n ŋ ʔ̃
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative voiceless s ʃ h
voiced z
Approximant l j w
Trill r

Ganza does not utilize consonant length phonemically.[4]:106

Front Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a

Although vowel length is typically contrastive in Omotic languages, Ganza does not have a clear contrast between long and short vowel phonemes. Instead, Ganza has predictable utterance-final vowel lengthening and a set of monosyllabic words with double vowels.[4]:109


  • Smolders, Joshua. 2015. A Wordlist of Ganza. Addis Ababa: SIL Ethiopia


  1. ^ Ganza at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ganza". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Ganza". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2016-11-23.
  4. ^ a b c Smolders, Joshua (2016). "A Phonology of Ganza" (pdf). Linguistic Discovery. 14 (1): 86–144. doi:10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.470. Retrieved 2017-01-16.

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